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  1. 1. Xenophobia<br />
  2. 2. Definitions<br />Xeno meaning “strangeness” or “foreignness”<br />Phobia meaning “fear of”<br />Xenophobiameans an unreasonable fear, distrust, or hatred of strangers, foreigners, or anyone perceived as foreign or different.<br />
  3. 3. Vocabulary<br />Immigrant: a person who migrates to another country, usually for permanent residence. <br />Refugee: a person who flees for refuge or safety, esp. to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, war, etc.<br />Asylum seeker: A foreigner, already in a receiving nation, who seeks refuge, claiming an inability or unwillingness to return to the home country because of a well-founded fear of persecution.<br />Orphan: The United Nations defines an orphan as a child who has lost one (simple) or both parents (profound). Because in the developing world so many fathers are absent, when a mother dies, the children left behind are vulnerable.<br />Abandon: to leave completely and finally; forsake utterly; desert.<br />
  4. 4. Priscilla’s Orphans<br />Priscilla is a resident of Guguletu who recognized a need in her community.She opened her home to these orphans.<br />
  5. 5. Harry Potter Reference<br />Harry Potter fans should note J. K. Rowling’s brilliance in naming one of her characters“XenophiliusLovegood”—the newspaper publisher who has a “philia” or “love of” rather than a “phobia” or “fear of” difference. Pictured here is Luna Lovegood, daughter of XenophiliusLovegood, as seen in the movies Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.<br />
  6. 6. Why is Xenophobia taking place?<br />South Africa is experiencing unemployment rates nationwide of about 40%.<br />This is a rate which soars to as high as 70% in “coloured” and “black” areas.<br />Some South Africans are afraid that people from other countries are taking “their” jobs.<br />
  7. 7. Why is Xenophobia taking place?<br />Last year, tensions exploded when perceptions circulated that “foreigners” were taking jobs that could go to South Africans. Violence broke out in areas of South Africa.<br />It seems to come down to a lack of equitable distribution of resources to all groups of people.<br />
  8. 8. How do you combat Xenophobia?<br />Educate, educate, educate.<br />Provide opportunities for people of different socio-economic and cultural backgrounds to interact with one another positively.<br />Meet individuals from foreign lands as human beings, and listen attentively to their stories.<br />Study about why people of different nationalities are coming to South Africa. What conditions/situations are they leaving, and why?<br />Research to find organizations that are working against xenophobia, and volunteer to contribute to their mission.<br />
  9. 9. Are there organizations in South Africa to counter Xenophobia?<br />The Scalabrini Center is a Catholic-based organization that welcomes immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers into the Cape Town region of South Africa.<br />They provide food, clothing, and blankets to newcomers. <br />They also offer training in English, computers, and life skills. <br />The Lawrence House is a home for orphaned and abandoned refugee children.<br />
  10. 10. Father Scalabrini, founder of the Scalabrini Order<br />
  11. 11. Scalabrini Center<br />Immigrants in class<br />
  12. 12. Lawrence House<br />
  13. 13. Is the Vrudny family contributing to the work of Scalabrini?<br />Yes, we have been working at the Scalabrini Center, serving food in the soup kitchen to immigrants and homeless people. Each person coming in for a hot meal must pay R0.50 (equal to about $0.06). Asking the people to pay a small fee enables the people to maintain their dignity and self worth. It is hard for many to accept a handout for absolutely nothing.<br />Yes, we have been working in the Lawrence House each Saturday evening, preparing a meal for the 16 residents of the house. We arrive around 4:00, make the meal, visit and play with the children. We leave around 6:00. The residents eat at 7:00.<br />