NELSON MANDELA AND THE APARTHEID Laura Mirabet 1st BAT A
NELSON MANDELA <ul><li>Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on the 18th July of 1918. He worked as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999,and was the first South African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. When he ended up working as President he was anti-apartheid activist,and the leader of “Umkhonto we Size”, the armed wong of the African National Congress (ANC). </li></ul>Nelson Mandela.
<ul><li>In 1962 he was arrested of sabotage and he sentenced to life in prison. Mandela spent 27 years in prison, many of these years on Robben Island. After his release from prison on 11th February of 1990, he led his party in the negotiations that led to multi-racial democracy in 1994. As President he used to gave priority to reconciliation, while introducing policies aimed at combating poverty and inequality in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>In South Africa, Mandela is know as “Madiba”, which is his Xhosa clan name, or as “tata”, that it means “father” in Xhosa. </li></ul><ul><li>He has received more than 250 awards including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize. </li></ul><ul><li>Nelson Mandela died on 14th June of 1999. </li></ul>
Apartheid <ul><li>Apartheid was the racial, social policy introduced by the National Party government of South Africa between 1948 and 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>Was developed after World War II by the Afrikaner dominated by the National Party and Broederbond organitzations and was practiced also in South West Africa, under South African administrations under a League of Nations mandate, until it gained independence as Namibia in 1990. </li></ul>Phtotographies of the Apartheid protests.
<ul><li>Racial segregation began in colonial times. Apartheid was introduced following the general election of 1948. New legislation classified inhabitants into four racial groups : native, white, coloured and Asian.The residential areas were segregated too. Non-white political representation was completely not allowed in 1970, and starting in that year black people were banned of their citizenship. The government segregated education,medical care, beaches and other public services, and provided black people with services inferior to those of white people. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Apartheid sparked significant internal resistance and violence against South Africa. Since the 1950s, a series of popular protests were met with the banning of opposition and imprisoning of anti-apartheid leaders. As unrest became more violent, state organisations responded with increasing repression and state-violence. </li></ul>Diferent wc services.
<ul><li>Reforms to apartheid in the 1980s failed and in 1990 President Frederik Willem de Klerk began negotiations to end apartheid, culminating the multi-racial democratic elections in 1994, which were won by the African National Congress under Nelson Mandela. </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid still exist in South African politics and society. </li></ul>Poster that shows the inequality.
<ul><li>The Apartheid is divided in two parts. The first one concerns the attempt from South Africa in diferent states, aplicated until 1990. The second one concerns the political racial segregation. </li></ul>Apartheid poster.
SOME PHOTOGRAPHIES... One of the Apartheid protests. A Nelson Mandela photograph.