False ceiling 6th sem

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  • IT IS ALSO CALLED AS THE
  • False ceiling 6th sem

    1. 1. FALSE CEILING Construction-V Date: 11-02-2013, K.I.T.S. Ramtek
    2. 2. FALSE CEILING  A dropped ceiling is a secondary ceiling, hung below the main (structural) ceiling. They may also be referred to as a drop ceiling, false ceiling, or suspended ceiling, and are a staple of modern construction and architecture. The area above the dropped ceiling is called the plenum space, as it is sometimes used for havoc air return. The plenum space is also very commonly used to conceal piping, wiring, and/or ductwork.  A typical dropped ceiling consists of a grid-work of metal channels in the shape of an upside-down “T", suspended on wires from the overhead structure.   These channels snap together in a regularly spaced pattern – typically a 2×2 or 2×4 foot grid in the US, or 600×600 mm grid in Europe (this is the modular size of the grid, the tiles are actually 595mm x 595mm or 595mm x 1195mm).
    3. 3. FALSE CEILING Each cell is filled with lightweight "tiles "or "panels" which simply drop into the grid. Tiles can be selected with a variety of materials, including wood, metal, plastic, or mineral fibres, and can come in almost any colour.  Light fixtures, havoc air grilles, and other fixtures are available which can fit the same space as a tile for easy installation. Most tile material is easily cut to allow fixtures in other shapes, such as incandescent lights, speakers, and fire sprinkler heads.
    4. 4. FALSE CEILING The suspended ceiling was originally developed to conceal the underside of the floor above and to offer acoustic balance and control in a room.  The acoustic performance of suspended ceilings has improved dramatically over the years, with enhanced sound absorption and attenuation. This is sometimes achieved by adding insulation known as sound attenuation bats (sabs), more commonly referred to as "sound bats", above the panels to help deaden sounds and keep adjacent rooms quieter.  A COMMERCIAL BUILDING WITHOUT A PLENUM AIRSPACE. A COMMERCIAL BUILDING WITH A PLENUM AIRSPACE.
    5. 5. FALSE CEILING TYPES OF SUSPENDED CEILINGS • EXPOSED OR LAY-IN GRID • CONCEALED GRID • SEMI-CONCEALED GRID • CONCEALED GRID FOR • METAL CLIP-IN TILES • METAL STRIP • OPEN CELL CEILINGS • BESPOKE METAL CEILINGS •METAL FURRING SYSTEMS • GRID • PERIMETER TRIMS • HANGERS PVC FALSE CEILING SECTIONS
    6. 6. FALSE CEILING EXPOSED OR LAY-IN GRID o A system where the grid is visible and into which panels are laid. The grid is finished in colours to harmonise or contrast with the panels. o Panels are manufactured from a variety of materials including mineral/rock fibre, glass fibre, plasterboard, calcium silicate, glass reinforced gypsum, perlite, wood, steel and aluminium. Panels are available in a variety of sizes to suit the modular features of the grid system. The more common being 1200 x 600, 600 x 600 and 500 x 500mm. o Grid systems are, generally, an inverted ‘T’ design, with a table (exposed face) width of 15 or 24mm. They are rolled from galvanised steel strip with a finished facing of painted steel or aluminium. Grid systems may also have an exposed face that is rolled to a profile or have a profiled aluminium section applied.
    7. 7. FALSE CEILING  EXPOSED OR LAY-IN GRID oExtruded aluminium exposed o The various components clip grid systems are also available. together to form square or rectangular modules to receive infill panels. o Panels have, most commonly, square or simple rebated edges, but some propriety products may have other edge details. A considerable number of face patterns and colours are available. Many panels are designed for wide usage and have good general performance. Panels are also available with enhanced features, offering increased sound absorption, sound attenuation, heat insulation, resistance to humidity, etc. o Exposed grid suspended ceiling systems can contribute to passive fire protection. o The system is rapid to install and can provide a high degree of access to the ceiling void. o
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    9. 9.  FALSE CEILING Concealed Grid (For Tiles Other Than Steel/Aluminium) A system where, after the tiles are installed, the grid is not visible. The system most commonly comprises galvanised steel ‘Z’ sections fixed with clips to a primary network of galvanised channel sections.  Systems using inverted ‘T’ sections (similar to those described under ‘Exposed or lay-in grid’) may also be appropriate for specific manufacturer’s tiles.  Tiles are manufactured from a variety of material, including mineral/rock wool, glass fibre, perlite cast plaster and wood.  Edges may be kerbed (slotted), back-cut or tongued & grooved to receive the ‘Z’ or ‘T’ section.  The butting edges of the tiles may be square or bevelled to create a ‘V’ joint feature.  Common sizes of tiles are 300 x 300 and 600 x 600.  Concealed grid systems require an extremely high standard of workmanship to achieve a satisfactory installation.   TYPICAL CONCEALED GRID
    10. 10. FALSE CEILING  SEMI-CONCEALED GRID : A system where the grid is visible in one direction only. The exposed grid sections would generally be a 24mm ‘T’, as described under ‘Exposed or lay-in grid’. The concealed components may be similar ‘T’ section, ‘Z’ section (usually 32mm deep) or a special deep ‘cranked Z’.   As the grid components do not interlock spacer bars must be used to prevent the exposed tee sections ‘spreading’ allowing panels to fall.  This system is designed to support ‘planks’ – tiles that are 300mm wide and 1200, 1500, 1800 and up to 2500mm long.  The exposed sections support the shorter edges.  Planks are manufactured from a variety of material, including mineral/rock wool, glass fibre, wood, steel and aluminium.  The short edges are square cut and the long edges may be kerbed (slotted), back-cut or tongued and grooved to receive the ‘Z’ or ‘T’ section.  Planks manufactured from steel or aluminium will, generally, not require the longitudinal (concealed) components.  The butting edges of the planks are usually bevelled to create a ‘V’ joint feature, but may be square – metal versions may have a separating foam gasket.  Semi-concealed systems can offer access to the void above the ceiling, but, if required on a regular basis, care should be exercised in the selection of plank material. 
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    16. 16. FALSE CEILING JOINTING IN FALSE CEILING
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