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  1. 1. Lesson Lesson
  2. 2. Counter Culture Impact <ul><li>In the long run counter culture did change American life in some ways </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime, American mainstream did begin to accept many of these changes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Moving into the 70’s <ul><li>The United States had suffered through the years of Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Witnessed the assassination of Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy </li></ul><ul><li>Seen musical influences of Jimmy Hendrix, Bob Dylan and Janis Joplin </li></ul><ul><li>Embraced a British invasion, with “Beatlemania” </li></ul><ul><li>Now the country would look to begin new movements while taking on what the 60’s had brought </li></ul>
  4. 4. Life in the 70’s <ul><li>If you have $100 Converted from 1970 to 2005 it would be equivalent to $517.65 today </li></ul><ul><li>In 1970 a gallon of gas was 36 cents and by 1979 was 86 cents </li></ul><ul><li>Car 8 Track Stereo Tape Player $38.99 </li></ul><ul><li>Smith Corona Electric Typewriter $199.00 New York 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Television Zenith, 25&quot; color $599 New Jersey 1976 </li></ul>
  5. 5. 70's Fitness Craze
  6. 6. 70’s Slang <ul><li>skinney real deal or truth ex &quot;let me give you the slinney on the deal&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>' Can You Dig It' Do you understand? &quot; Can you dig it man?“ </li></ul><ul><li>' Psyche'!!! To trick someone. To b.s. someone. As if to psyche them out. </li></ul><ul><li>'Bootin' as in; Are you going Bootin? &quot;I'm going Roller Bootin&quot; or rollerskating </li></ul><ul><li>The 'Crib' and going to the 'Gig' The &quot;crib&quot; was going home or to someone else's house, and &quot;gig&quot; was work or job. </li></ul><ul><li>'Don't Be Such A 'spaz' A 'spaz' was someone that was accident prone,clutsy, or just acting stupid. </li></ul><ul><li>'Far Out' cool </li></ul><ul><li>'To The Max'! Take it to the maximum. The best it can be. </li></ul><ul><li>'You Know' This was said at the end of nearly every sentence :) </li></ul><ul><li>'You're So Stunned' Meaning the person acted or said something stupid, dumb. </li></ul>
  7. 7. More70’s Slang!!! <ul><li>'May The Force Be With You' The most popular line from one of the greatest movies of the 70s(and of all time) StarWars. </li></ul><ul><li>'That's Sick!' To describe something odd or unusual. </li></ul><ul><li>'You're So Stunned' Meaning the person acted or said something stupid, dumb. </li></ul><ul><li>'Your Mama' &quot;Your Mama&quot; was said a lot of my school, with also &quot;Joe Mama.&quot; With &quot;Happy Days&quot; that brought us the word &quot;Nerd&quot; which was VERY popular. </li></ul><ul><li>'book' Or 'booking' to run quickly, usually away from something. (ie The cops were after hi so he was booking down the street.) </li></ul><ul><li>'catch You On The Flip~side' see you later </li></ul><ul><li>'keep On Truckin'' go w/ the flow </li></ul><ul><li>'what It Is, What It Is' a greeting usually meaning,&quot;hey&quot;, &quot;What's up?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Boss! Cool; awesome </li></ul>
  8. 8. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive rock created a new generation of bands including: </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis, Yes, Emerson, Lake & Palmer and Pink Floyd. </li></ul><ul><li>Era of “Hair Bands” and Heavy Metal </li></ul><ul><li>Many other singers and bands also started or strengthened their fan base including The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Aerosmith, AC/DC, Queen, Black Sabbath . </li></ul>
  9. 11. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Disco: Musical influences include funk, Latin and soul music. </li></ul><ul><li>Well-known late 1970s disco performers included Donna Summer, Amanda Lear, The Bee Gees, KC and the Sunshine Band, and The Jacksons. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Technology: </li></ul><ul><li>The 70's were the start in many ways of the Electronics and digital revolution , with the invention of transistors and Integrated Circuits in the late 60's, companies now found ways to use the technology which caused the phenomenal growth in smaller more powerful and cheaper products ranging from Calculators to Televisions. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Technology: </li></ul><ul><li>The 70's also saw the beginning of the Home Computer due to Intel creating the first cheap microprocessor - the Intel 4004, and other integrated circuits. </li></ul><ul><li>In the beginning the computers were mainly for the hobbyists and included the Apple II </li></ul><ul><li>As people realized the power of these new home computers a new use was found and that was the beginning of the video game </li></ul>
  12. 14. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Technology: </li></ul><ul><li>Barcode ----- 1973 USA E-Mail ----- 1971 USA Floppy Disk ----- 1971 USA Genetic Engineering ----- 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Jet Printer ----- 1976 USA Laser Printer ----- 1975 USA Microprocessor ----- 1971 USA MRI Scanner ----- 1977 USA by Personal Computer ----- 1975 USA Space Station ----- 1973 USA Skylab </li></ul>
  13. 15. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Movies: </li></ul><ul><li>The French Connection (1971) </li></ul><ul><li>The Clockwork Orange (1971) </li></ul><ul><li>The Exorcist (1973) </li></ul><ul><li>American Graffiti (1973) </li></ul><ul><li>One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Jaws (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky (1976) </li></ul><ul><li>Apocalypse Now (1979) </li></ul><ul><li>Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) </li></ul><ul><li>Saturday Night Fever (1977) </li></ul><ul><li>Star Wars (1977) </li></ul><ul><li>The Godfather (1972), The Godfather 2(1974) </li></ul><ul><li>Apocalypse Now (1979) </li></ul>
  14. 16. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Television: </li></ul><ul><li>The Streets of San Francisco 1972 - 1977. </li></ul><ul><li>The Waltons 1972 - 1981. </li></ul><ul><li>Chips 1977 - 1983. </li></ul><ul><li>Lassie 1954 - 1973. </li></ul><ul><li>Starsky and Hutch 1975 - 1979. </li></ul><ul><li>Dukes Of Hazzard 1979 - 1985. </li></ul><ul><li>The Muppet Show 1976 - 1981. </li></ul><ul><li>Bonanza 1959 - 1973. </li></ul><ul><li>The Brady Bunch 1969 - 1974. </li></ul><ul><li>Dallas 1978 - 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Charlie's Angels 1976 - 1981. </li></ul><ul><li>Little House on the Prairie 1974 - 1983. </li></ul><ul><li>Gunsmoke 1955 - 1975. </li></ul><ul><li>Columbo 1968 - 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Kojak 1973 - 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>All In The Family 1971 - 1979. </li></ul><ul><li>Laverne & Shirley 1976 - 1983. </li></ul><ul><li>Bewitched 1964 - 1972. </li></ul><ul><li>Happy Days 1974 - 1984. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanford and Son 1972 - 1977. </li></ul><ul><li>Taxi 1978 - 1983. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Popular Culture 1970's <ul><li>Clothing: </li></ul><ul><li>women were fashionable in everything from ankle-length grandmother dresses to hot pants and micro-miniskirts. </li></ul><ul><li>Bell bottoms </li></ul><ul><li>disco platforms, clogs or knee high boots. </li></ul><ul><li>Men sported shoulder length hair and non-traditional clothing became the rage </li></ul><ul><li>Big Collars </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure suits for men became commonplace </li></ul>
  16. 18. 70’s
  17. 19. The Feminist Movement <ul><li>By the 1960’s many women had become increasingly dissatisfied with society’s perception of women in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Some women join organizations aimed at improving their role in society </li></ul><ul><li>Many sought this through new legislation </li></ul>
  18. 20. The Feminist Movement <ul><li>Feminism: the belief that men and women should be equal politically, economically, and socially </li></ul><ul><li>The movement weakened after women earned the right to vote in 1920 </li></ul><ul><li>It split the women into 2 groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Women Voters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Women’s Party </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. The Feminist Movement <ul><li>League of Women Voters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted laws to protect women and children, such as limiting the hours they work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Women’s Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposed protective legislation for women, feeling it reinforced discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WWII had provided women with greater opportunity, however when the war end most women lost their jobs to returning men </li></ul>
  20. 22. The Feminist Movement <ul><li>Despite having to return to their domestic work, many women gradually reentered the workforce </li></ul><ul><li>By 1960 they made up almost 40% of the workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Yet many people continued to believe that women, even college educated, could better serve society be remaining home </li></ul>
  21. 23. The Feminist Movement Reawakens! <ul><li>Women had become resentful of a world where newspaper ads separated jobs by gender, clubs refused membership, banks denied them credit, and to most, the worst of all was that women were often paid less than men for the same work </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, women were often shut out of high paying jobs </li></ul>
  22. 24. The Feminist Movement Reawakens! <ul><li>Women had gained a better understanding of their inequality in society from their experiences in the civil rights and anti-war movements </li></ul><ul><li>They were often restricted to menial tasks and rarely had any say in political decisions </li></ul><ul><li>The movement had now become about women’s rights </li></ul>
  23. 25. Fighting for Workplace Rights <ul><li>Two forces helped bring the movement to life again </li></ul><ul><li>1. was the mass protest of ordinary women </li></ul><ul><li>2. the President’s Commission on the Status of Women </li></ul><ul><li>In 1963, women earn more support with the passage of the Equal Pay Act, which in most cases outlawed paying men more than women </li></ul>
  24. 26. Fighting for Workplace Rights <ul><li>Women earned another boost with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which did mean you could discriminate because of race, but also gender! </li></ul><ul><li>Also created a new agency, the EEOC, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission </li></ul>
  25. 27. The Feminine Mystic <ul><li>Betty Friedan's </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Feminine Mystic” </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled around speaking with women, her findings were that most women had all they could want in life, but still felt unfulfilled </li></ul><ul><li>Women used this book as a way to reach out and share their feelings </li></ul>
  26. 28. The Time is NOW <ul><li>Friedan and others would set up a new organization, NOW, National Organization for Women </li></ul><ul><li>Slogan, “the time has come!” </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded greater educational opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Denounced the exclusion of women from certain professions and the unequal pay </li></ul><ul><li>By 1972, the movement had created its own magazine, “Ms.” to keep people informed </li></ul>
  27. 29. 70’s We’re Back
  28. 30. Striving for Equality in Education <ul><li>One of the feminists most notable achievements was in education </li></ul><ul><li>Kathy Striebel had a desire to play for her school’s swim team, but the school did not allow girls to join </li></ul><ul><li>Her mother, a member of NOW, found out about this and due to recent city ordinance prohibiting gender discrimination, was allowed to try out. </li></ul><ul><li>She beat out one of the boys to win a spot on the team </li></ul><ul><li>This lead to, Title IX, an Educational Amendment by Congress prohibiting public schools from discriminating against girls and women from all aspects of operation, from sports to admission </li></ul>
  29. 31. Roe vs. Wade <ul><li>One of the most important goals for women was to repeal the laws against abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Until, 1973 the right to regulate abortion was up to the state </li></ul><ul><li>In the early years of the country, abortion had been permitted in the early months </li></ul><ul><li>By the mid 1800’s it had been banned except only to save the mother’s life </li></ul>
  30. 32. Roe vs. Wade <ul><li>In the late 1960’s some small changes were made in case of health reasons or having been a rape victim </li></ul><ul><li>The big change would come in 1973, in the Supreme Court decision, Roe vs. Wade </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court ruled the state could not regulate abortions during the first 3 months of pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>During the second 3 months, the states could regulate abortions based on health of the mother </li></ul><ul><li>States could ban abortions in the final 3 months except in cases of medical emergency </li></ul>
  31. 33. Equal Rights Amendment <ul><li>In 1972, Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment, ERA </li></ul><ul><li>The Amendment needed to be ratified by 38 states to pass, by 1979, 35 states had, but there was significant opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Some feared the ERA would traditional rights of women or subject them to the draft </li></ul><ul><li>The ERA would finally fail in 1982 </li></ul>
  32. 34. Impact of the Movement <ul><li>Despite the failure of the ERA, the feminist movement would ultimately bring big changes to society </li></ul><ul><li>Since the 1970’s more women have pursued college degrees and careers outside the home than all decades prior </li></ul><ul><li>Two career families are more common now </li></ul><ul><li>Employers now offer benefits to make work more compatible with family life </li></ul>
  33. 35. Impact of the Movement <ul><li>There is still a major income gap for women </li></ul><ul><li>This is part to women still holding lower-paid jobs (bank teller, assistants, cashier or nurse) </li></ul><ul><li>Also some women choose to work reduced hours for family </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of 1900’s women made up 25% of our nations doctors and lawyers and by 2000 comprise over 40% of our college graduates </li></ul>