Japan -form of government

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Japan -form of government

  1. 1. Japanese Politics:Form of Government
  2. 2. Feudal Japans Government Type of government: Monarchy (shifting to Shogunate system) Closed country system (Sakoku Policy) Imperial Diet (Legislative) − House of Peers  Represented by the noble class (appointed) − House of Representatives  elected
  3. 3. Political Hierarchy of Feudal Japan Emperor  “supposed to be head of state” Shogun  military leaders appointed by the emperor  But has greater authority than the emperor Daimyo  Warlords with grat power in the economy
  4. 4.  Samurai  Feudal Japans armed forces  Code of honor (Bushido)  Highly respected until the fall of the system Artisans  Farmers, craftsmen and courtesans Merchants  Lowly looked upon by society but are the most wealthy
  5. 5. Notable Shogunates Kamakura − Ruled by the Minamoto clan Muromachi − Ruled by the Ashikaga clan Edo − Ruled by the Tokugawa clan
  6. 6. Bakumatsu Transition period of Feudal Japan to the Meiji government Time when the samurai was stripped from its high position in society – rounin Replaced by the shinsengumi (police officers armed with swords) Fun fact: Rurouni Kenshin was set in this period~! :)
  7. 7. Meiji Ishins Government 1885 – start of the latter half of Meiji period Emperor was regarded as the center of power and a source of legitimacy Creation of party politics Type of government: Constitutional monarchy
  8. 8. Post War Japans Government Based on the Westminster model Electorate elected parliament Cabinet is selected − Cabinet members headed a government ministry Head of state is the Prime Minister Those who had a high ranking position were no longer allowed to be part of the new government
  9. 9. Post War Japans Government Emperor  Has the right in giving the thumbs up to the selected PM National Diet (legislative)  House of Representative and House of Councillors  Responsible for electing the PM Article 9  Demilitarization The US still controlled the government
  10. 10. Notable Prime Ministers First prime minister: Hirobumi Ito Current PM: Shinzou Abe (52nd & 63rd PM) Longest stay in power: Shigeru Yoshida 2247 days Shortest stay in power: Tsutomu Hata 63 days
  11. 11. Political parties in Japan Liberal Democratic Party of Japan  Ruling political party  Right wing – preserving the status quo that leaders should have the centralized power Democratic Party of Japan  Left wing – against the status quo and the societys interest should be considered Japan Restoriation Party New Komeito

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