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  1. 1. ORIGAMI
  2. 2. ● ori - folding ● kami - paper ● traditional Japanese art of paper folding ● believed to have begun in Japan during the 17th century AD. ORIGAMI
  3. 3. HISTORY ● 100 AD - Paper-making started in CHINA by Ts’ai Lun, a servant of the Chinese emperor. ● 600 AD - Paper-making spread to Japan where it became a cultural tradition. ● 800 - 1100 AD - Otigami was intriduced to the West (Spain) by the Moors who made geometric Origami models.
  4. 4. HISTORY ● EDO PERIOD (1600-1868) - new methods were developed to effectively mass produce paper. This is when origami began to fully develop into the art that we know today. ● 1797 - HIDEN SENBARU ORIKATA was published. (The Secret of 1000 Cranes Origami) ● 1845 - KAN NO MADO (Window on Midwinter. The first published collections of origami models that included the frog house. ● 1900 - Origami spread to England and the United States
  5. 5. HISTORY ● 1935 - AKIRA YOSHIZAWA developed his set of symbols for origami instructions. He is known as the “grandmaster of origami” ● He created the method of wet folding which involved moistening the paper before folding to give finished models more of a sculpted and three dimensional look. By 1989 he had invented over 50,000 models and published eighteen books. ● 1960 - SADAKO AND ONE THOUSAND CRANES was published by Eleanor Coerr (origami crane and international peace movement)
  6. 6. HISTORY ● 2000 - International Peace Project - engaged communities in collaborative activites to promote peace, non-violence, and tolerance. (A Million Paper Cranes for Peace by the Year 2000)
  7. 7. Famous Origami Artists ● Akira Yoshizawa - considered to be the grandmaster of origami. reinvented modern origami. According to his own estimation made in 1989, he created more than 50,000 models. In 1983, Japanese emperor Hirohito named him to the Order of the Rising Sun. ● Satoshi Kamiya - is among the most advanced origami masters in the world. He began the art at age two and he has made hundreds of origami models. One of the youngest geniuses of the origami field. ● Kosho Uchiyama - a Sōtō priest, origami master, and abbot of Antai-ji. He is the author of more than 20 books on Zen Buddhism and origami
  8. 8. Famous Origami Artists ● Toshikazu Kawasaki - Japanese mathematician famous for his Iso-area folding theory and his many geometric folds, including Kawasaki's "Rose ● Samuel Randlett - helped design and popularize the Yoshizawa-Randlett diagramming system. Yoshizawa– Randlett system is a diagramming system used to describe the folds of origami models. ● Robert Harbin - popularised origami in Britain; also presented a series of short programmes entitled Origami, made by Thames Television for ITV ● Florence Temko - a pioneer in spreading origami in the United States. With 55 books to her credit on paperarts and folk crafts
  9. 9. Origami Festivals ● November 11: National Origami Day in Japan where the paper crane has become a symbol of peace ● October 24–November 11: World Origami Days