Ohayou gozaimasu (oh-za-yo goo-zai-ma-su)
Hinomaru
A Quick G.K. on Japan <ul><li>What is the present day name of Japan ? </li></ul><ul><li>The flag of the Japan is known as ...
NIPPON KENPO Revolution in constitution
Development of Japan constitution <ul><li>Pre-Feudal age (10 th  BC -1184 AD) </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal age  (1185-1867 AD)...
A Quick History <ul><li>Jomon Culture (10th-3 rd  B.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>- Jimmu  (First Emperor 660B.C.) </li></ul><ul><...
History (cont.) <ul><li>Asuka Period (mid 6 th  – mid 7 th  AD) </li></ul><ul><li>- 1 st  constitution(17 articles) </li><...
Heian Period (794-1184) <ul><li>This period saw more artistic development and Japanese culture </li></ul><ul><li>The tale ...
Feudalism <ul><li>The classic definiton for  </li></ul><ul><li>feudalism by François-Louis </li></ul><ul><li>Ganshof descr...
Feudal era <ul><li>Kamakura period (1185–1333 )   - 1 st  shogun was Minomoto-no-  Yaritomo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenmu re...
Feudal era <ul><li>Kamakura period (1185–1333 )   - 1 st  shogun was Minomoto-no-  Yaritomo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenmu re...
Edo Period(1603-1867) <ul><li>Edo Tougawa Shogunate </li></ul><ul><li>- Shogun means General </li></ul><ul><li>- Feudal lo...
Commodore Matthew Perry
Emperor Meiji <ul><li>MEIJI     “Enlightened Rule” </li></ul>
Meiji Restoration(1868-1912) <ul><li>Weak military rule by shogun and it was overthrown by Samurai (a group of soliders) <...
Way to New constitution <ul><li>Taishō era (1912–1926)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World War I  , Siberian Intervention, &quot;...
Post dam Declaration <ul><li>On 26 July 1945, Allied leaders Winston Churchill, Harry S Truman, and Chiang Kai-Shek issued...
<ul><li>Who is this? </li></ul><ul><li>DOUGLAS MCARTHUR, </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Commander of Allied Powers (SCAP) </li>...
Features of Meiji Kenpo <ul><li>Written and Brief </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial Government </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental Righ...
Structure of Nihon Kenpo <ul><li>I. The Emperor (1–8) </li></ul><ul><li>II. Renunciation of War (9) </li></ul><ul><li>III....
Features of Nihon Koku Kenpo <ul><li>Written Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty of the People </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
Fundamental Rights <ul><li>Right to Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Rights </li></u...
Japanese Executive <ul><li>The Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>- Nominal Executive(art 1 – 8) </li></ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul...
Cabinet <ul><li>History of cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>-1 st  cabinet formed in 1885 during meiji rule </li></ul><ul><li>-Un...
Prime Minister <ul><li>Appointment </li></ul><ul><li>- leader of the majority party </li></ul><ul><li>- Article 6 says app...
Diet <ul><li>Japan is the first country to have parliamentary Government in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The parliament in Japan...
Diet
Japan Diet Building,Tokyo
Judiciary
Pre-War Judicial System  <ul><li>Before the meiji constitution ther was no well established courts in Japan </li></ul><ul>...
Post-War Judicial System <ul><li>Under 1947 constitution, “Common Law” Principle have been accepted </li></ul><ul><li>Arti...
Political Parties <ul><li>The origin of Political parties traced back to 1874 </li></ul><ul><li>After the 1890 meiji Const...
Features <ul><li>Extra-Constitutional Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplicity of Political Parties  </li></ul><ul><li>Splits...
Parties in Japan <ul><li>Liberal Democratic Party </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist Party </li></ul><ul><li>The Democratic Socia...
Dōmo arigatō  ( doh-moh ah-ree-GAH-toh)
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Japan constitution

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this is the features and origin of japan birth of constitution

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Japan constitution

  1. 1. Ohayou gozaimasu (oh-za-yo goo-zai-ma-su)
  2. 2. Hinomaru
  3. 3. A Quick G.K. on Japan <ul><li>What is the present day name of Japan ? </li></ul><ul><li>The flag of the Japan is known as Hinomaru. What is the meaning of Hinomaru ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the present P.M. of Japan ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the Present Emperor of Japan ? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Currency of Japan? </li></ul>
  4. 4. NIPPON KENPO Revolution in constitution
  5. 5. Development of Japan constitution <ul><li>Pre-Feudal age (10 th BC -1184 AD) </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal age (1185-1867 AD) </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Feudal age (1868-1947) </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Quick History <ul><li>Jomon Culture (10th-3 rd B.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>- Jimmu (First Emperor 660B.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>Yayoi Culture (3 rd B.C.-3 rd A.D.) </li></ul><ul><li>- Pottery </li></ul><ul><li>- Rice Cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>- Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Kofun Period (3 rd A.D.-6 th A.D.) </li></ul><ul><li>- Tombs,Hainwa </li></ul><ul><li>- Buddhism(538 AD) </li></ul>
  7. 7. History (cont.) <ul><li>Asuka Period (mid 6 th – mid 7 th AD) </li></ul><ul><li>- 1 st constitution(17 articles) </li></ul><ul><li>- Buddhism becomes state religion </li></ul><ul><li>Nara Period (710 – 784 AD) </li></ul><ul><li>- Kokiji(1 st history book) </li></ul><ul><li>- Nihon shoki(chronicles of Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>- Shosin (Museum) </li></ul><ul><li>- Todaji (temple for Buddha) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Heian Period (794-1184) <ul><li>This period saw more artistic development and Japanese culture </li></ul><ul><li>The tale of Genji by lady Murasaki – world’s first novel </li></ul><ul><li>The lyrics of Japan's national anthem Kimigayo were written during this time. </li></ul><ul><li>During the late Heian period, the Japan’s feudal era was started </li></ul>
  9. 9. Feudalism <ul><li>The classic definiton for </li></ul><ul><li>feudalism by François-Louis </li></ul><ul><li>Ganshof describes a set of </li></ul><ul><li>reciprocal legal and military </li></ul><ul><li>obligations among the warrior </li></ul><ul><li>nobility, revolving around the </li></ul><ul><li>three key concepts of lords, </li></ul><ul><li>vassals and fiefs. A lord was in </li></ul><ul><li>broad terms a noble who held </li></ul><ul><li>land, a vassal was a person </li></ul><ul><li>who was granted possession </li></ul><ul><li>of the land by the lord, and the </li></ul><ul><li>land was known as a fief. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Feudal era <ul><li>Kamakura period (1185–1333 ) - 1 st shogun was Minomoto-no- Yaritomo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenmu restoration (1333–1336 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Muromachi period (1336–1573 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanboku-chō period (1336–1392 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sengoku period (1467–1573 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Azuchi–Momoyama period (1568–1603 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanban trade </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Feudal era <ul><li>Kamakura period (1185–1333 ) - 1 st shogun was Minomoto-no- Yaritomo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenmu restoration (1333–1336 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Muromachi period (1336–1573 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanboku-chō period (1336–1392 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sengoku period (1467–1573 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Azuchi–Momoyama period (1568–1603 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanban trade </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Edo Period(1603-1867) <ul><li>Edo Tougawa Shogunate </li></ul><ul><li>- Shogun means General </li></ul><ul><li>- Feudal lords and national isolation policy </li></ul><ul><li>-1853: Matthew Perry, an American Naval Commander, sailed to Japan with a message from President Filmore </li></ul><ul><li>- Last shogun Tougawa keiki resigns </li></ul>
  13. 13. Commodore Matthew Perry
  14. 14. Emperor Meiji <ul><li>MEIJI  “Enlightened Rule” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Meiji Restoration(1868-1912) <ul><li>Weak military rule by shogun and it was overthrown by Samurai (a group of soliders) </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor Meiji taken the crown power </li></ul><ul><li>Laws were made for unitary power state </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution of the Empire of Japan (Meiji) was enacted on November 29, 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>They given importance to industralisation by any means ands fast </li></ul>
  16. 16. Way to New constitution <ul><li>Taishō era (1912–1926) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World War I , Siberian Intervention, &quot;Taishō Democracy&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early Shōwa (1926–1937) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion of Democracy , Military and social organizations , Nationalistic factors , Economic factors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early Shōwa (1937–1947) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prewar expansionism, Manchuria , Second Sino-Japanese War , Clashes with the Soviet Union , Attack on pearl harbour </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Post dam Declaration <ul><li>On 26 July 1945, Allied leaders Winston Churchill, Harry S Truman, and Chiang Kai-Shek issued the Potsdam Declaration, which demanded Japan's unconditional surrender. </li></ul><ul><li>But after bombing on hiroshima and nagasaki only they surrender </li></ul><ul><li>So, the new constitution was drafted by allied powers </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Who is this? </li></ul><ul><li>DOUGLAS MCARTHUR, </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Commander of Allied Powers (SCAP) </li></ul><ul><li>He played an important role in making of japan constitution </li></ul><ul><li>  - Enforcement of Constitution of the State of Japan </li></ul><ul><li>May 3, 1947(Nihon- Koku Kenpō ) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Features of Meiji Kenpo <ul><li>Written and Brief </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial Government </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Privy Council </li></ul><ul><li>The Cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid Constitution </li></ul>
  20. 20. Structure of Nihon Kenpo <ul><li>I. The Emperor (1–8) </li></ul><ul><li>II. Renunciation of War (9) </li></ul><ul><li>III. Rights and Duties of the People (10–40) </li></ul><ul><li>IV. The Diet (41–64) </li></ul><ul><li>V. The Cabinet (65–75) </li></ul><ul><li>VI. Judiciary (76–82) </li></ul><ul><li>VII. Finance (83–91) </li></ul><ul><li>VIII. Local Self–Government (92–95) </li></ul><ul><li>IX. Amendments (96) </li></ul><ul><li>X. Supreme Law (97–99) </li></ul><ul><li>XI. Supplementary Provisions (100–103) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Features of Nihon Koku Kenpo <ul><li>Written Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty of the People </li></ul><ul><li>Renunciation of War </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Monarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary Government </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary Government </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral System </li></ul><ul><li>End of Dualism </li></ul><ul><li>Independence of Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Law </li></ul>
  22. 22. Fundamental Rights <ul><li>Right to Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Property </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Freedom of Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Education </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Constitutional Remedies </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental Duties </li></ul>
  23. 23. Japanese Executive <ul><li>The Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>- Nominal Executive(art 1 – 8) </li></ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul><ul><li>-Executive </li></ul><ul><li>-Legislative </li></ul><ul><li>-Judicial </li></ul><ul><li>Position of the Emperor </li></ul>
  24. 24. Cabinet <ul><li>History of cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>-1 st cabinet formed in 1885 during meiji rule </li></ul><ul><li>-Under meiji P.M. was appointed by Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>-During the period 1889-1945, 41 cabinets were formed </li></ul><ul><li>-under 1947 kenpo, executive power was vested in cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><li>- takes important decision and formulate policy, submit bills and budget to Diet , national affairs & foreign affairs </li></ul>
  25. 25. Prime Minister <ul><li>Appointment </li></ul><ul><li>- leader of the majority party </li></ul><ul><li>- Article 6 says appointment of the </li></ul><ul><li>P.M. by Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><li>- As a boss of Cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>- As a leader of the Diet </li></ul><ul><li>- As leader of nation </li></ul>
  26. 26. Diet <ul><li>Japan is the first country to have parliamentary Government in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The parliament in Japan is called DIET </li></ul><ul><li>The Diet has various committees such as, </li></ul><ul><li>-Standing Committee </li></ul><ul><li>-Special Committee </li></ul><ul><li>-Joint Conference Committee </li></ul><ul><li>-Joint Legislative Committee </li></ul>
  27. 27. Diet
  28. 28. Japan Diet Building,Tokyo
  29. 29. Judiciary
  30. 30. Pre-War Judicial System <ul><li>Before the meiji constitution ther was no well established courts in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>After, abolition of feudal system meiji knows the importance of legal system and new codes patterned in German and French system were enacted </li></ul><ul><li>The courts were divided into </li></ul><ul><li>- Ordinary and Civil Courts </li></ul><ul><li>- Courts of Administrative Litigation </li></ul><ul><li>- Military Court </li></ul>
  31. 31. Post-War Judicial System <ul><li>Under 1947 constitution, “Common Law” Principle have been accepted </li></ul><ul><li>Article 76 says “”The whole Judicial Power is vested in a Supreme court and in such inferior court as are established by law.” </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation of Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>-The Supreme court </li></ul><ul><li>- Lower Courts : High courts, </li></ul><ul><li>District courts, Summary Courts </li></ul>
  32. 32. Political Parties <ul><li>The origin of Political parties traced back to 1874 </li></ul><ul><li>After the 1890 meiji Constitution, 3 parties were there . They are as follows </li></ul><ul><li>- Imperial Party </li></ul><ul><li>- Liberal Party </li></ul><ul><li>- Progressive Party </li></ul>
  33. 33. Features <ul><li>Extra-Constitutional Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplicity of Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Splits and Merger </li></ul><ul><li>Long Single Party System </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of Mass base </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucratisation </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Localism </li></ul>
  34. 34. Parties in Japan <ul><li>Liberal Democratic Party </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist Party </li></ul><ul><li>The Democratic Socialist Party </li></ul><ul><li>The Communist Party </li></ul>
  35. 35. Dōmo arigatō ( doh-moh ah-ree-GAH-toh)

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