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Republic of the Philippines
Region IV-A CALABARZON
Laguna State Polytechnic University
San Pablo City Campus
Del Remedio, San Pablo City
COURSE: SOC. SCI. 205: Political
Science
Presenter: Ms. Danice Shine M. Ebora
POLITICAL PARTIES
SOCIAL
ISSUES
POLITICAL PARTIES
“Every political sect…has its
altars and its deified heroes,
its relics and its pilgrimages,
its canonized martyrs and
confessors, and its legendary
miracles.”
– Lord Macaulay
LET’S REFLECT ON
THE QUOTATION
What is your
interpretation of the
quotation of Lord
Macaulay regarding
politics?
“Every political sect…has its
altars and its deified heroes,
its relics and its pilgrimages,
its canonized martyrs and
confessors, and its legendary
miracles.”
– Lord Macaulay
INTERPRETATION
• Altars - the government itself
• Pilgrimages - conventions
• Heroes, martyrs and
confessors - spiritual glue of
the party (actors)
• Relics - venerated policies
• Legendary miracles -
changes made
Political Party
According to Giovanni
Sartori, a PARTY is “any
political group that
presents at elections, and
is capable of placing
through elections,
candidates for public
office”.
POLITICAL PARTY
(Democratic and Autocratic)
DEMOCRATIC AUTOCRATIC
provide citizens with
choices about the
personnel and policies
of their government.
do not provide citizens
with choices about the
personnel and policies
of their government.
compete openly in an
electoral process.
one party dominates
and there is no external
competition. All
competition takes place
within the one existing
party.
Autocratic
Democratic
Classic
Categorization of
Political Parties by
Organization
Cadre
Parties
Devotee
Party
Mass
Parties
Cadre Parties
 the suffrage was largely
restricted to taxpayers and
property owners, and, even
when the right to vote was
given to larger numbers of
people, political influence was
essentially limited to a very
small segment of the
population. The mass of people
were limited to the role of
spectators rather than that of
active participants.
Cadre Parties
i.e., parties dominated by politically elite
groups of activists
Mass Parties
Outside the parliament
Open membership
workers peasants
religious
groups
Mass Parties
People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD)
Devotee Parties
A charismatic leader
along with a ruling elite
directs and controls the
party.
Selective membership
Probationary period to
test loyalty
Devotee Parties
Categorization
of Political
Parties by the
Type of Appeal
Categorization of
Political Parties
by the Type of
Appeal
Catch-all
Party
Ideological
Catch-all party
Non-ideological
Values the needs and
not the ideology
Ideological
Values ideologies highly
Functions of Political
Parties
Recruitment,
Nomination,
Election and
Training of
Political
Officeholders
Interest
Aggregation
and
Articulation
Political
Socialization
Communication
Policy-making
Party Sytems
What is a PARTY
SYSTEM?
It is the network of relationship
among parties.
Types of Party
Systems
Type of System Example
No Party Systems Often developing states under
military rule
Non competitive
(one party)
1.) Totalitarian
2.) Authoritarian
Low-Competitive
Systems
1.) Low Competition
Competitive Systems
(2 or more parties)
1.) Two party
2.) Multi-Party
Thank you for listening!!!

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Political Party

Editor's Notes

  1. Liberal Party (LP)- "Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid.“ The Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid is the umbrella of the administration-backed presidential and senatorial line-up for the 2016 Philippine Senate election. It is composed of mostly supporter of former Department of the Interior and Local Government Secretary Mar Roxas who announced his presidential bid after the endorsement of Philippine President Benigno Aquino III during the event dubbed as "A Gathering of Friends" at the Club Filipino on July 31, 2015. It is the remnant of Team Pnoy which was formed by the Liberal Party along with Akbayan Citizens Action Party , Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino, the Nacionalista Party, the Nationalist People's Coalition and the National Unity Party as its coalition members. The United Nationalist Alliance (UNA) is a political party in the Philippines. It was created as a multi-party electoral alliance replacing the former United Opposition (UNO) coalition for the 2013 midterm elections, before it was launched as a single political party on July 1, 2015 by Jejomar Binay for his candidacy in the upcoming 2016 presidential election. Lakas–CMD (Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats) is a centre-right political party in the Philippines. Its ideology is heavily influenced by Christian and Islamic democracy. The current party originated in 2009 with the merger of the original Lakas–CMD party with the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI); it was known as Lakas Kampi CMD until 2012. The party produced one president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who was president when the two parties merged in 2009. The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today and was responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907. The Nacionalista Party was the ruling party from 1935–1944 (under President Manuel Quezon), 1944–1946 (under President Sergio Osmeña), 1953–1957 (under President Ramon Magsaysay), 1957–1961 (Under President Carlos P. Garcia), and 1965–1972 (under President Ferdinand Marcos). The Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC is a conservative political party in the Philippines, founded in 1992 by then presidential candidate Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.
  2. The Republican Party, commonly referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party. The party is named after republicanism, the dominant value during the American Revolution. It was founded by anti-slavery activists, modernists, ex-Whigs, and ex-Free Soilers in 1854. The Republicans dominated politics nationally and in the majority of northern States for most of the period between 1860 and 1932. There have been 19 Republican presidents, the first being Abraham Lincoln, who served from 1861 to 1865, when he was assassinated, and the most recent being Donald Trump, who took office on January 20, 2017. The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active party. The Democrats' dominant worldview was once socially conservative and fiscally classical liberalism, while, especially in the rural South, populism was its leading characteristic. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive ("Bull Moose") Party, leading to a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party and Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has also promoted a social-liberal platform, supporting social justice. SYMBOLS Republican The traditional mascot of the party is the elephant. A political cartoon by Thomas Nast, published in Harper's Weekly on November 7, 1874, is considered the first important use of the symbol. An alternate symbol of the Republican Party in states such as Indiana, New York and Ohio is the bald eagle, as opposed to the Democratic rooster or the Democratic five-pointed star. In Kentucky, the log cabin is a symbol of the Republican Party (not related to the gay Log Cabin Republicans organization) Democratic The most common mascot symbol for the party has been the donkey, or jackass. Andrew Jackson's enemies twisted his name to "jackass" as a term of ridicule regarding a stupid and stubborn animal. However, the Democrats liked the common-man implications and picked it up too, so the image persisted and evolved. Its most lasting impression came from the cartoons of Thomas Nast from 1870 in Harper's Weekly. Cartoonists followed Nast and used the donkey to represent the Democrats, and the elephant to represent the Republicans.
  3. The Elements of Organization: The relationship between the parliamentary wing of a party and the extra-parliamentary wing Who controls the process of recruitment and nominations of the candidates