The Executive Branch


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The Executive Branch: Philippine Context

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The Executive Branch

  1. 1. Prof. Lourdes Veneracion-Rallonza, PhD Department of Political Science Ateneo de Manila University ....DVDVideoSoftFreeYouTubeDownloadThe Presidents of the Philippines- From 1898 to the Present time..mp4
  2. 2.  Rule-execution  Rule-administration  Relationship with other branches of government
  3. 3.  Presidents (individuals) - unique personalities - peculiar cluster of issues and crises they face - leadership style (i.e. mobilization of public support) - leadership skills (i.e. administration)  Presidency (institution) - „fleshing‟ out the office
  4. 4.  Legal foundation of presidential power (i.e. constitutional basis)  “presidential power is the power to persuade” (Neustadt): personalized vs. institutionalized presidency  Presidential primacy: president as center of governmental activity
  5. 5. ROLE FUNCTION Head of Government & •Provides broad direction for national policy Chief •Supervises implementation of policy through Executive/Administrator government agencies •Mobilizes support for policy directions •„crises‟ leadership Head of State •Visible symbol of national unity • „figure head‟ or other symbolic functions Commander-in-Chief •Epitomizes civilian authority over the military • „supreme commander‟ of the armed forces both in times of war and peace Chief Diplomat • represents the state in the international stage • power to grant diplomatic recognition Chief „Legislator‟ •provides leadership to Congress • power to initiate or veto legislations
  6. 6. ROLE FUNCTION Chief of Party/Party Leader Right to lead her/his political party „Voice‟ of the People „moral‟ spokesperson of the people Protector of Peace acts decisively and quickly in order to avert the disruption of peace Manager of Prosperity responsibility to maintain a robust economy World Leader Takes an active role in world politics
  7. 7.  Executive - Chief Executive (law execution) - Commander-in-Chief (peace and order)  Administrative - Chief Administrator (bureaucracy as extension of president‟s personality)  Legislative - Chief Legislator (policy initiation and right to veto)  Diplomatic - Chief Diplomat  Political - Political Chief (partisan political leader; heads a political organization that owes its primary allegiance to her/him, personally)
  8. 8.  Power to make decisions with major consequences  Has command over major hierarchies and organizations in society  Rule big corporations  Run state machinery and claims its prerogatives  Direct military establishment  Centralization of power and wealth
  9. 9. President Vice President Cabinet Departments
  10. 10.  Began from a position of strength and dominance (Tongco)  President is the personification of the “Filipino idea of leadership residing in one man with broad powers exercised in a highly personalized manner” (Grossholtz)  Power bloc-presidency relationship is operationalized through various institutions, both formal (i.e. military, church, media, business) and informal (i.e. NGOs, POs and political clans)
  11. 11.  Executive is „super-ordinate‟ to the legislature, owing to the principle of the dominance of the executive  Cultural value of pagdamay (or sharing with and caring for one another)
  12. 12.  Emilio Aguinaldo: -1st pangulo regime - purported desire to rescue the Filipinos from slavery and oppression  Jose Laurel: - 2nd pangulo regime - self-sacrifice and willingness to offer his life for the Filipinos  Ferdinand Marcos - 3rd pangulo regime - chief exponent of „Bagong Lipunan‟ ....DVDVideoSoftFreeYouTubeDownloadBagong Lipunan Hymn _ Bagong Pagsilang (lyrics on-screen).mp4