Cagayan Valley is a land of beauty, plentiful of
natural resources and conveys different
development potentials such as fertile
farmlands, forests and grasslands, and marine
resources located in the northeastern part of
Luzon with an area of 26,858 square kilometers.
It is where the mighty Cagayan River, the
longest river in the country is found.
Archaeology indicates that the Cagayan Valley has been inhabited for
half a million years, though no human remains of any such antiquity have
yet appeared. The earliest inhabitants are the Agta, or Atta, food-
gatherers who roam the forests without fixed abodes. A large tract of land
has lately been returned to them. The bulk of the population are of Malay
origin. For centuries before the coming of the Spanish, the inhabitants
traded with Indians, Malays, Chinese, and Japanese. In the nineteenth
century the prosperity found in tobacco cultivation caused many Ilokano
to settle here. Tobacco is still a major factor in the economy of
Cagayan, though a special economic zone and free port has been created
to strengthen and diversify the provincial economy
According to researches, the most important event in the history of
Cagayan Valley took place in 1572 when Spanish Conquistador Don Juan
de Salcedo traced the northern coast and landed at the mouth of the
Pamplona River. Before his visit, early Cagayanos reveled in a civilization
of their own.
Region 2 is located in the northeastern portion of
the main island of Luzon and includes the
scattered Island of Batanes-Babuyan
Groups, which occupy the northern most tip of the
It is bounded by three (3) mountain ranges, Sierra
Madre Mountain on the east; Caraballo Mountain
on the south and Cordillera Mountain, and north of
It has five provinces namely:
Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya and
ten (10) congressional districts with three (3)
cities – Cauayan City, Isabela; Santiago
City, Isabela and Tuguegarao City, Cagayan
consists of 90 municipalities.
Previously, it had seven provinces that enabled
superb business opportunities, industrial sites and
tourisms. But because of the creation of Cordillera
Administrative Region (CAR), its territorial
jurisdiction was lessened into only five provinces
that excluded the provinces of Ifugao, which is the
home of the magnificent Banawe Rice Terraces, the
8th Wonder of the World, and the Province of
Kalinga Apayao which was eventually divided
into two provinces under CAR.
Region 2 is considered the “last frontier” of the
Philippines, being one of the few regions with
existing watersheds. It has five (5) existing
watershed with a total land area of 119,261
- also the home of the mighty Cagayan River
which meanders into the vast plains from south to
north and provides water needs of the region
before it drains into the Babuyan Channel, Pacific
Ocean skirts the east coast and rests its waves on
the foot of the Sierra Madre on eastern
side. Region 02s forest cover within Alienable and
Disposable Land consist of 95,068 has.
The Region has a rich and immense natural
and development potentials.
It is the third largest region with an area of
2,687,517 hectares representing 9% of the
country’s total land area. The alienable and
disposable (A&D) lands stand at 972,822
hectares, 9,343 hectares of civil and military
reservations, 45,105 hectares of unclassified
lands and 1,669,590 hectares of forestland.
Region 2 is abundant in agricultural products
rice, corn, peanut, beans, and fruits and
livestock products include
cattle, hogs, curacaos, and poultry.
It has also a vast source of mineral resources
like hydro-power – the source of Magat Hydro-
Power plant with a 360 megawatt plant
supporting the power needs of the Luzon Grid.
richest in Cagayan Valley.
It was the Top 10 Richest Province in the
Philippines in 2011, being the only province of
Northern Luzon to be included in the list.
Cagayan has much to offer visitors:
beaches, swimming, snorkeling, skin-diving,
fishing in the river and the sea, hiking in
primeval forest, mountain-climbing,
archaeological sites, the remarkable collection
of the provincial museum, the Callao Caves,
Batanes lies on a group of islands
collectively called Batanes Islands and they
are the northernmost islands of the
Philippines. They are located between the
Babuyan Islands (belonging to Cagayan
Province) and Taiwan. The islands are
sparsely populated and subject to frequent
The three largest islands are Itbayat, Batan,
and Sabtang. The northernmost is Mavudis
Almost one-half of Batanes are hills and
mountains. Batan Island, with a land area of
35 km², is generally mountainous on the
north and southeast. Itbayat Island, which
has a total area of 95 km², slopes gradually
to the west, being mountainous and hilly
along its northern, eastern coast. As for
Sabtang, mountains cover the central part of
its 41 km² area, making the island slope
outward to the coast.
The islands are situated between the vast
expanse of the waters of Bashi Channel and
Balintang Channel, where the Pacific
Ocean, merges with the China Sea.
Because of the terrain of the
province, drainage is good and
prolonged flooding is non-existent.
The terrain of the province while
picturesque at almost every turn, has
limited the potential for expansion of
agriculture in an already very small
Total Area- 219.01 km2 (84.56 sq mi)
Source: National Statistics Office of the
Philippines (web) and National Statistical
Coordination Board (web).
It is subdivided into 6 municipalities. It has
only one congressional district.
The ancestors of today's Ivatans are descended from
Austronesians who migrated to the Batanes Islands 4000
years ago during the Neolithic period. They lived in fortified
mountain areas called idjangs and drank sugar-cane wine, or
palek. They also used gold as currency and produced a thriving
agriculture-based industry. They were also seafarers and boat-
In 1687, a crew of English freebooters headed by William
Dampier came with a Dutch crew and named the islands in
honour of their country's nobility. Itbayat was named "Orange
Isle" after William of Orange, and Batan was named "Grafton
Isle" after Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton. Sabtang Isle
was named "Monmouth Isle" after James Scott, 1st Duke of
Monmouth. Capt. Dampier stayed for less than three months,
and did not claim the islands for the British crown.
In 1783, the Spanish claimed Batanes as part of the
Philippines under the auspices of Governor-General
José Basco y Vargas. The Bashi Channel had come to
be increasingly used by English East India Company
ships and the Spanish authorities brought the islands
under their direct administration to prevent them
falling under British control.
By 1890, many Ivatans were in Manila, and became
ilustrados, who then brought home with them the
revolutionary ideas of the Katipunan. These
Ivatans, who were then discontented with Spanish
rule, killed the ruling General Fortea and declared
the end of Spanish rule.
Toward the end of the Spanish regime, Batanes
was made a part of Cagayan. In 1909, however, the
American authorities organized it into an
During the American colonial period, public
schools suddenly boomed, and more Ivatan
became more aware of their place in the
In 1920, the first wireless telegraph was
installed, followed by an airfield in 1930. Roads
were constructed and the Batanes High School was
In the morning of December 8, 1941, the
Batan Task Force from Taiwan landed
on the Batan Islands, the first American
territory occupied by the Japanese.
During the Second World War, the
Japanese army committed atrocities
against the Ivatan. When the United
States regained the country, Batanes
regained its province hood.
On July 23, 2007, a magnitude-5.2
quake rocked Batanes, but no
damage or casualty was immediately
On June 1, 2008, a magnitude 6.3
earthquake struck the seabed off the
coast of Batanes, but neither injuries
nor damage was reported.
About 75% of the Ivatans are farmers and
fishermen. The rest are employed in the
government and services sector. Garlic and cattle
are major cash crops. Ivatans also plant camote
(sweet potato), cassava, gabi or tuber and a unique
variety of white uvi. Sugarcane is raised to produce
palek, a kind of native wine, and vinegar.
In recent years, fish catch has declined due to the
absence of technical know-how. Employment
opportunities are scarce. Most of the educated
Ivatans have migrated to urban centers or have
The people of
Batanes are called
Ivatan and share
with the Babuyan
on Babuyan Island
and the Tao people
of Orchid Island.
The main languages spoken in Batanes
are Ivatan, which is spoken on the
islands of Batan and Sabtang, and
Itbayaten, which is spoken primarily on
the island of Itbayat. The Ivatan which
is dominant in the province is
considered to be one of the
Austronesian languages. From college
level down to elementary level, the
language is widely spoken.
The island province of Batanes is
accessible by air and served by air
with 3 flights per week from Manila
by SkyJetAir, and from Tuguegarao,
Cagayan by small local airliners (as
of January 2013).
The famous hills where all tour guides could talk about Batanes.
There were wild animals, a spectacular view -- which unavoidably makes the Marlboro theme.
From the hills, you can see what remains of the Old Loran Station, a former US navigational
It is a good spot to view Batan island from end to end.
This old house in Batanes was built in 1887 by Jose Dacay.
Maytuab means it has a four-sloped roof. Like other traditional
Ivatan houses, its walls are made of stone and limestone.
It is most commonly associated with dorado (dolphin fish),
which can be found on every hut's roof, drying in the sun.
It is found in East of Mahatao town proper.
About 1,900 feet above sea level, it is the second highest peak in Batan island.
Good for mountain climbers. Home of the Batanes pit viper, an arboreal snake
found only in Batanes, just one of the abundant endemic flora & fauna species
in the island.
Basco Airport is located at foot of Mt. Iraya.
It is situated in Mahatao, Batan Island. The viewdeck gives an
enchanting view of Basco, the vastness of the South Chinese Sea
and the rock head being pounded by the waves.
It is the most luxurious accommodation on the island.
Staying at Fundacion Pacita is expensive, but picture-taking is free.
It's also the most expensive, with rooms costing from around five thousand
The tunnel was built during the Japanese occupation as a shelter
T he chapel has stone walls but instead of cogon, the roof is made of red bricks.
On the ceiling, different municipal saints of Batanes are painted by Ivatan artists
trained at the Pacita Abad Center for the Arts.
The PAGASA tower offers an excellent 360-degree view of the
The Vayang rolling hills have a magical effect because of the
fresh air, or the squeaky clean sunshine.
It is the favorite spot on Batan island.
The rocks are warm and smooth, perfect for an extreme version of
hopscotch, or for the more sedentary folk, just sitting and watching the day
It was where Katipuneros raised their flag to claim Batanes during the
Revolution in 1898.
Aside from being a place of worship, they havebeautiful structures with
their large, bright-colored wooden doors, machuca tiles and cogon-lined
The bridges linked villages together and made it easier for Ivatans to
travel to the church.
They built as far back as the 17th-century are still used by Ivatans
It was celebrated on August 4 – 5 in Basco, Batanes.
It is a cultural presentation of the different municipalities of
Batanes, showcasing their ethnic group’s rugged yet storied existence.
The province is bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the
east; on the south by Isabela province; on the west by
the Cordillera Mountains; and on the north by the
Balintang Channel and the Babuyan Group of Islands.
About two kilometers from the northeastern tip of the
province is the island of Palaui; a few kilometers to the
west is Fuga Island. The Babuyan Group of Islands,
which includes Calayan, Dalupiri, Camiguin, and
Babuyan Claro, is about 60 nautical miles (110 km)
north of Luzon mainland.
The province comprises an aggregate land area of
9,002.70 square kilometers, which constitutes three
percent of the total land area of the country, making it
the second largest province in the region.
Cagayan has 28 municipalities and one
city divided into three congressional
districts. It has 820 barangays.
Tuguegarao City (as of December
18, 1999) is the provincial
capital, regional seat, and center of
business, trade, and education. It has a
land area of 144.80 square kilometers
and a population of 120,645 as of 2000.
In 1581, Captain Juan Pablo Carreon arrived in
Cagayan with a hundred fully equipped soldiers
and their families by order of Gonzalo Ronquillo de
Peñaloza, the fourth Spanish Governor-General of
On 29 June 1583, Juan de Salcedo traced the
northern coastline of Luzon and set foot on the
Massi (Pamplona), Tular, and Aparri areas. The
Spanish friars soon established mission posts in
Camalaniugan and Lal-lo (Nueva Segovia), which
became the seat of the Diocese established by Pope
Clement VIII on August 14, 1595.
With the Treaty of Paris was signed in
1898, ending the Spanish-American
War, America took over the Philippines and
influenced the culture, most notably in
agriculture and education as well as in
public works and communications.
Beginning the Second World War, the air
raid of the Japanese fighters and bomber
planes was invaded, bombed and destroyed
around the province of Cagayan and
founded in 1942, the Japanese Imperial
forces entered in Cagayan.
In 1945, the combined United States
and Philippine Commonwealth
ground troops together with the
recognized guerrillas took in
Cagayan by the attack from the
Japanese troops during the liberated
in Cagayan province was under the
The Hotel Delfino siege is a bloody coup
attempt happened on March 4, 1990,
when suspended Cagayan governor
Rodolfo Aguinaldo and his armed men
of 200 seized Hotel Delfino in
Tuguegarao, Brigader General Oscar
Florendo, his driver and four members
of the civilian staff, and several other
people were held hostage for several
Agricultural products are
rice, corn, peanut, beans, and fruits.
Livestock products include
cattle, hogs, carabaos, and poultry.
Fishing various species of fish from the
coastal towns is also undertaken.
Woodcraft furniture made of
hardwood, rattan, bamboo, and other
indigenous materials are also available
in the province.
The majority of people living in Cagayan are of Ilocano
descent, mostly from migrants coming from the Ilocos
Region. Originally, the more numerous group were the
Ibanags, who were first sighted by the Spanish
explorers and converted to Christianity by
Aside from Ilocanos and
Ibanags, Malauegs, Itawits, Gaddangs, groups of
nomadic Aetas, as well as families of Ibatans who have
assimilated into the Ibanag-Ilocano culture make
Cagayan their home. Tagalog-speaking people from the
Southern Luzon have also settled in the area. Because
of this influence from other majority groups like the
Ilocano from the west and the Tagalog from the
south, the smaller ethnic groups living in the valley
could potentially go extinct.
It is a white sand beach located in the northeastern part of the Philippines.
The beach is very suitable for scuba diving, jet ski ridding, motorboating, and other watercrafting
It is also known as the "Boracay of the North" for having the fine white sand and pristine blue
The first chamber was made into a chapel by its people.
It’s one of the most popular tourist spots in Cagayan.
The Calvary Hills of Iguig, Cagayan Valley consists of the 11 hectares of rolling hills
with life-size concrete statues of the station of the cross and the church of San Antonio
This colonial place is popular for the devotees of the Holy Week (Lenten Season), which
depicts Jesus Christ suffering.
Its beauty is still restored to its glory because no hotels or resorts are built in the
area, assuring the tourists of utmost peace and relaxation with nature.
It served as a safe haven for people who are looking for a place where they can
just throw their worries away and regain a sense of peace with their lives.
The festival is about a war between to tribes and is portrayed
It is held on August 2 at Cagayan, Philippines.
It is in honor of the unique shell found only in the Cagayan River that passes through this town.
this annual festival is a tribute to the link between this town's pagan past and its Christian
Queen Province of the Philippines,
Rice Granary of the North
The Province of Isabela is province of
the Philippines and the second largest province in the
country next to Palawan. It is located in the Cagayan
Valley Region in Luzon. Its capital is Ilagan and
borders, clockwise from the
south, Aurora, Quirino, Nueva
Vizcaya, Ifugao, Mountain
Province,Kalinga, and Cagayan. This primarily
agricultural province is the rice and corn granary
ofLuzon due to its plain and rolling terrain. In 2012, the
province was declared as country's top producer in
corn with 1,209,524 production.
It is the Top 10 richest province in the Philippines last
2011, being the only province of Northern Luzon to be
included in the list. The province has four trade centers
in the cities of Ilagan, Cauayan, Santiago and the
municipality of Roxas.
Prior to 1856, there were only two provinces in the Cagayan
Valley: Cagayan and Nueva Vizcaya. The Province of
Cagayan at that time consisted of all towns
from Tumauini to the north in Aparri and all other towns
from Ilagan City, Roxas southward to Aritao comprised the
Province of old Nueva Vizcaya. In order to facilitate the
work of the Catholic missionaries in the evangelization in
the Cagayan Valley, a royal decree was issued on May
1, 1856 that created the Province of Isabela consisting of the
towns of Gamu, Old Angadanan (now Alicia), Bindang
(now Roxas) and Camarag (now Echague), Carig
(nowSantiago City) and Palanan, all detached from Nueva
Vizcaya; while Cabagan andTumauini were taken from the
Cagayan province. The province was put under the
jurisdiction of a governor with the capital seat at
Ilagan City, where it remains at the present. It was initially
called Isabela de Luzon to differentiate from other places in
the Philippines bearing the name of Isabela. The new
province was named in honor of QueenIsabella II of Spain.
According to the latest Philippine Census, Isabela is the most
populated province among the five provinces in Cagayan
Valley (Region II). It has a population of 1,401,495 people and
comprising 45.93 percent of the 3 million people in the region. At
the national level, the province contributed 1.58 percent to the
total population of 88.57 million. There are 254,928 households in
For all ages, the sex ratio in Isabela was about 105 with 660,627
males and 626,948 females in the 2000 Census of Population and
Housing (Census 2000). There are more males than females below
50 years old.
Ilokano are the most prominent group in Isabela. Of the total
household population, 68.71 percent classified themselves
as Ilokanos. The next two prominent groups(ethnic)
are Ibanag (14.05 percent) and Tagalog (10.02 percent). The
remaining 7.22 percent are either Gaddang,Paranan, Yogad, or are
from other ethnic groups.
Major languages in Isabela are Ilokano followed by Ibanag, Yogad,
Gaddang. People especially in the capital and commercial centers
speak and understand English and Tagalog/Pilipino.
Isabela comprises an aggregate land area of
10,665 square kilometers, representing almost
40 percent of the regional territory. It is the
largest province in the island of Luzonand the
second largest province in the Philippines in
terms of land area. It is located on the right-
most part of the Northern Luzon facing
the Pacific Ocean and comprising parts of
the Sierra Madre. Isabela is one of the
provinces which is often hit by typhoons due to
The province is divided into three physiographic areas. The
eastern area, straddled by theSierra Madre mountain
range, is rugged and thickly forested. A substantial portion
is uncharted. These unexplored hinterlands are home to a
rich variety of flora and fauna, while others are government
reservations. The western area is a sprawling fertile valley
hemmed by the Central Cordillera. It is criss-crossed by the
mighty Cagayan River, Siffu river, and Magat River. Its
mountains rise to a peak of about 8,000 feet, and are home to
one of the world’s largest remaining low-altitude
rainforests, with numerous unknown endemic species
of flora and fauna and exceptional biological diversity. The
area is popularly known as the Northern Sierra Madre
Natural Park. Isabela has 600,000 hectares of Cagayan
Valley’s 900,000 hectares of forest cover.
Isabela is subdivided into 34 municipalities and three (3)
4. Benito Soliven
9. Delfin Albano (Magsaysay)
23. Reina Mercedes
25. San Agustin
26. San Guillermo
27. San Isidro
28. San Manuel
29. San Mariano
30. San Mateo
31. San Pablo
32. Santa Maria
33. Santo Tomas
Tourism is relatively a new industry being
developed in the province. Support services and
accommodation facilities are likewise being
developed. Tourism focuses mainly in the two
cities Santiago City and Cauayan City and its
surrounding area with the Presence of Magat Dam
tourism complex and places of interest. Tourism is
also being developed in the coastal areas
of Palanan where white sand beaches can be
The province of Isabela is the richest in Cagayan
Valley. It is also the Top 10 Richest Province in
the Philippines last 2011, being the only province
of Northern Luzon to be included in the list.
Bambanti Festival (Isabela Day)
Pattaraday Festival - Pattaraday which means unity is an Ybanag word, it is celebrated
on the occasion of the founding anniversary of Santiago. It celebrates the unity of the
ethno-linguistic groups that have merged in the city to make it the melting pot of culture
of Region 02 and contributed to the city’s progress and development-unity in action.
Highlighted with the presentation of the Comedia – a moro-moro dance made famous
by the Spaniards to stress the power of Christian Religion over the Moorish non-
believers; other activities include beauty pageant, grand batalla presentations and a
grand street dancing parade and exhibition with performers from other cities, provinces
Pagay Festival (Alicia)
Kankanen Festival (Cabatuan)
Binnadangan Festival (Roxas)
Nateng Festival (Mallig)
Gakit Festival (Angadanan)
Nuang Festival (San Agustin) - Carabao Race
Gawagaway-yan Festival (Cauayan City)
Mangi Festival (Tumauini)
Baka Festival (San Pablo)
Mammangi Festival, Binallay Festival (Ilagan City)
Nueva Vizcaya is a province of
the Philippines located in the Cagayan
Valley region in Luzon. Its capital
is Bayombong. It is bordered by, clockwise
from the north, Ifugao, Isabela, Quirino
Province, Aurora, Nueva
Ecija, Pangasinan, and Benguet.
The province of Nueva Vizcaya used to be a territory of the vast Cagayan Valley which was once an
integral political unit with one governor. In 1839, then Governor Luis Lardizabal issued an order
transforming Nueva Vizcaya into a politico-militar province upon the advice the alcalde mayor of
Cagayan. The order was approved by a Royal Decree on April 10, 1841. The province had its first taste
of civil governance in 1902 when it was organized by the Philippine Commission.
Since Nueva Vizcaya's birth as a province, traces of the culture and customs of its early settlers--
the Ilongots (Bugkalots), Igorots, Ifugaos, Isinays, and the Gaddangs--can still be seen. The influx of
civilization and the infusion of modern technology to the life stream of the province induced many
immigrants from adjacent provinces to migrate to this province.
The history of organized religion in the province of Nueva Vizcaya dates back to the year 1607 when
the Dominican Order arrived at the hinterlands of the province to preach their beliefs. It was not until
1609, however, that the first settlement of a religious order was established in the southern half of the
province. In 1702, a covenant was erected in Burubur at the foot of the Caraballo mountains in Sta.
Clara, which is now a barangay of the town of Aritao. It was on this site that the first mass in Nueva
Vizcaya was celebrated and the first baptism of a Christian convert was held.
Every last week of May, Nueva Vizcaya celebrates the Panagyaman festival.
The province has a total land area of 4,378.80 square kilometers,
which accounts for 16.30% of the total land area of Region II. It is
composed of 15 municipalities, with Bayombong as the provincial
capital, Bambang and Solano as the major commercial centers, and
Kayapa as the summer capital and "vegetable bowl." Bayombong
lies approximately 268 kilometers north of Metro Manilaand can
be reached by land via the Cagayan Valley Road (Maharlika
With forest land, agricultural areas and grasslands occupying a
wide swath of the province, it does not come as a surprise that
Nueva Vizcaya is an ideal site for extensive agricultural activity.
Its main crops are rice, corn, vegetables, pineapple, banana, coffee,
coconut, oranges and other fruit trees.
In mining, the province faces bright prospects. According to the
Bureau of Mines and Geo-Sciences, deposits of metallic minerals
which can be exploited are copper, gold, molybdenum and pyrite.
Non-metallic deposits include red clay, white clay and limestone.
Sand and gravel are the most abundant deposits in the province.
Nueva Vizcaya is within the influence of the
typhoon belt in Northern Luzon. However, it is not
in the direct path of cyclones that visit the region.
The province falls under the third type of climate
characterized by rainfall pattern that is relatively
wet from May to October and gradually becomes
dry during November to February. March and
April are considered dry.
December and January are considered as the
coldest months while March and April are the
Dupax del Norte
Grand Ammungan Festival
Panagyaman Festival / Nueva Vizcaya
Celebrated with parades, beauty
pageant, trade shows, and agro-industrial
fair, among others.
When: May 22-24
Where: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
What it is:
The founding anniversary of the
establishment of the civil government of
Nueva Vizcaya (note: 166th year in 2010).
Highlight and Attractions:
Float parades and contest
Sports events by municipality
Agro-industrial fairs, and many more
GRAND AMMUNGAN FESTIVAL: NUEVA VIZCAYA
Anniversary celebration of the establishment of the civil
government of Nueva Vizcaya highlighted by an agro-
industrial trade fair, street parades, float
competition, cultural presentations by indigenous groups
participated by the 15 towns of the province and others
Amid the suspension of
Chinese banana imports
Philippines, students of
Vizcaya showcase their
town’s major agricultural
product during the
Festival (Sta. Fe,
Nueva Vizcaya )
Street dancers from Artitao, Nueva
Vizcaya, pictured as they perform
their dance routine. The dancers
went on to take the top prize of the
street dancing competition,
securing a place in the Pattaradday
Festival Hall of Fame.
Pattaradday Festival in Santiago
“Pattaradday”, a local word for unity
was the main theme of Santiago City’s
Pattaradday Festival, the highlight of
which is a grand street dance parade
competition by different contingents
from various towns and provinces.
The features or images captured
in the corporate seal represent
the province’s potentials –the
mountains replicate the Sierra
Madre Series in the eastern part
of the province and the Caraballo
and Mamparang ranges in the
south. It also illustrates that
majority of its land resources are
rolling to steep and very steep
areas. In the middle right hand
corner of the seal are trees that
represent its major natural
resources. It also signifies that
the province contains the upper
Cagayan River basin watershed.
The replica of bundled
rice, tobacco and corn identifies
the three (3) main crops grown in
the province as a source of living.
The lower portion of the seal
represents the abundance of inland
bodies of freshwater. This portion of
the seal also divided the middle that
signifies that the Cagayan River
dissects this inland province of which
other small rivers and tributaries flow
to the mouth at Aparri, Cagayan.
- land-locked province in the
Philippines located in the Cagayan
Valley region in Luzon
- named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth
President of the Philippines.
- The province borders Aurora to the
southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west,
and Isabela to the north.
Quirino province acquired its juridical personality as a result of the
division of the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela on June
18, 1966 under RA 4734. Quirino, named after the late president
ElpidioQuirino, was created as a sub-province of Nueva
Vizcaya in 1966. It became a full province in 1971.
RA 6394 was passed on September 10, 1971 further amending RA
5554 and separating the sub-province of Quirino from its
mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, constituting it into a regular
province. Hon. Leonardo B. Perez authored RA 6394.
The province of Quirino was formally established on February 10,
1972 upon the assumption to office of the first elected provincial
and municipal officials headed by Dionisio A. Sarandi as
51 persons per square kilometer of land
Major language: Ilocano
-widely spoken in the
lowlands by 71.46 percent of the total
Other languages are:
Bungkalot, Pangasinan, Kankana-
ey, Tagalog, and English.
Quirino is subdivided into 6
The Sierra Madre mountain range provides a
natural barrier on the eastern and southern
border of the province and the Mamparang
Range on the western part. The province is
generally mountainous, with about 80 percent
of the total land area covered by mountains and
The province has a mean annual temperature of
33.6 degree Celsius. Warmest month is May
and the least dry months are March to August
while the rest of the year is neither too dry nor
too wet. Rainy days occur from September to
Commercial Centers: Maddela &
Proximity: 335 kms away from
: 65 kms from Diffun to
Seasons: Wet and Dry
Religion: Roman Catholic
(30%), Protestant (30%), Iglesia
ni Cristo (30%), others (10%)
• Governor: Junie E. Cua (LP)
• Vice Governor: May G.
Agriculture is the main industry in Cagayan
Valley, together with rice and corn as major
crops. These supply the demand of
neighboring provinces and the metropolis.
Banana as well as banana chips are major
products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga.
Small scale industries like furniture
making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower
production are prevalent.
Quirino province was blessed
with diverse natural resources,
such as awesome caves, rivers,
mountains and valleys, forests,
plantations, and minerals. It is
tagged as “where adventure
The six (6) municipalities offer different
ecotourism features which make distinct
to each other with its tagline:
AGLIPAY- “The Heart Of The
CABARROGUIS – “The Golden Park Of
DIFFUN: “Gateway To The Province Of
MADDELA- “Commercial Growth
Center Of Quirino”
NAGTIPUNAN- “The Land Of
Origins”, SAGUDAY: – “The Rice
Park and Nature
Located at Barangay Luttuad,
Diffun, and Quirino with an
area of 16 hectares. Its special
natural features are its
glamorous caves, rocky
limestone mountains with
forest vegetation of small trees
and forest trees plantation
lying beside the grandeur
Ganano river a tributary to
Located at barangay
Gabriela, Diffun, Quiri
no with an area of
thirty hectares with
lagoon and forest trees
surrounds the area.
Located at barangay
Rizal, Diffun, Quirino
with an area of ten (10)
hectares and known for
its panoramic breast
shape like mountain
and could view its
surrounding fields and
the Ganano river and
local tourists love to
visit the area during
Lenten season for
CAVES – It
the white stones
and bat manure
has been taken
away by the
St. Lourdes Calvary is
found at Aglipay,
Quirino. It was
commend on the 20th
of January 2004 drawn
from the people’s
and faith, this station
of the cross stand as a
reminder of Christ’s
immense love to those
who will follow and
trend his way.
It has an area of 101 hectares of forest
surroundings the cave chambers that provide a
refuges for vegetation, wildlife and recreation.
Among the 37 caves in the compound eight
chambers have been develop for caving tours.
The Aglipay Caves in Barangay Villa Ventura,
Aglipay, Quirino. This spectacular formation of
stalagmites in the cave was formed from minerals
deposited by dripping water. The stalagmites are
usually larger in diameter than stalactites. If
stalactites and stalagmites meet, they form a
The Aglipay Caves are as
much as 20 meters deep. It
has both open chambers and
crawl spaces, with a variety of
stalactites, stalagmites, and
other geological formations.
The Victoria Falls is located in the
southwestern part of Aglipay town at a
distance of 15-kilometers from San
Leonardo, the municipal center of commerce
and government as well as situated 26-
kilometers away from capital town of
Seven-staged waterfalls entice
the visitors to swim into its
crystal pools characterized as
the favorite Picnic and
swimming area for tourists.
Maddela Waterfalls & Forest
Resorts is a favorite among
locals. Plunge into its crystal
pools and lounge in the cool
shade of its picnic areas. An
excellent site for nature retreat
and a day of relaxation.
A sense of comfort and
spacious villa style to
create a home-away
from home atmosphere
of Mother Nature in its
A place where the foot
of Sierra Madre
Mountain is just a
glimpse away from the
It is a stunning and well designed park with
mini falls and fountains, 15 Nipa Huts owned
by the different barangays of Nagtipunan. The
park has breathtaking scenery as its landscape
reveals the magnificent tourist spots of the
A nature sculptured
rock resembling like
a ship amidst the
Towering falls of
meters high with a
spacious and almost
basin with rich
Hall of Fame Awardee for the Cleanest Inland Bodies of
Water. It is the head water of the Cagayan River..
Abbag Bridge is
next to Dibeet
and is located in
shing View of the
Is a showcase of the unique culture,
convergence of all tribes and colorful history of
the Province of Quirino.
It is celebrated every month of September
every year which coincides with the Araw ng
Every Municipality has its own festival which
features their unique culture and practices.
Is a celebration that inspires those who are
productive and achievers in any field of expertise
and vocation through recognition and giving
honors or “Pammadayaw”.
It is one of our great Filipino virtues that we
treasure and cherish because it serves as a
motivation for better governance and public
service, people empowerment, meaningful
development on health, environment and
agriculture. It is being celebrated every July 1-3 of
Encompasses all desirable, admirable
traits, characteristics and virtues of the Filipino
who care for the lives of their families and
fellows, and who have that strong, deep
concern, care and social awareness for general
It is celebrated every June 19-21 of the year at
the town of Cabarroguis.
Is a symbolism of the industry, perseverance
and zeal of the rice producing people towards
the realization of their common aspirations of
development and sustaining Saguday as the
rice granary of the province.
It is celebrated every April 7-8 of the year.
It signifies the value of hardwork and industry of
Aglipayano’s, highlighted by their habit in rising
at early dawn going and working in the farm and
leaving for home at dusk. The enjoyment of the
work attributes is expressed through
laughter, dances, chants, songs and fun. It creates
relaxation and excitement to overcome the
hardship of farming.
Nowadays, these activities were transformed into
Panagsalukag festival which is regularly
celebrated every July 27-28 of the year.
– patronal fiesta celebrated every February 11 -
Reflects the traditional customs of going to
farm at dawn where their works generally
located at lowlands and leaving for home at
nightfall. The festivity portrays how communal
activities are conducted manifesting thanks to
the Lord for a bounty harvest.
It shows the old practice of “bayanihan” in the
festivities. The festival is being celebrated every
month of June 12-15 at the town of Maddela.
it is a yearly festivity in celebration of the creation
of the municipality. It is the convergence of all
tribes and cultures of the municipality in
cooperation and celebration.
It features the indigenous tribes which is the
“Ilongots” they are the original cultural
communities of the area/or the first settlers in the
province. Part of the celebration is the portrayal of
their primitive cultural practices like PADONG as
the war dance and the TAGUEM which portrays
their practice from courtship to wedding. Festivity
on every 22-25th of February.
Jan April Neri
Charlene Marie Besas
Olive del Rosario