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Launching the Global Food Policy Report (Brussels)

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Shenggen Fan
“Food Security and Nutrition in an Urbanizing World”
June 06, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), SNV Netherlands Development Organization, and Welthungerhilfe are jointly organizing a one-day event in Brussels on the eve of the European Development Days to explore the challenges and opportunities of urbanization from a variety of perspectives.

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Launching the Global Food Policy Report (Brussels)

  1. 1. Shenggen Fan Director General International Food Policy Research Institute Brussels, Belgium | June 6, 2017
  2. 2. Looking back at 2016 A glimmer of hope • Global extreme poverty and hunger rates declined • Food prices remained low • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Paris Agreement & ICN2 follow-up began implementation • Urbanization elevated in global agenda
  3. 3. ? Political changes Stagnant economic growth Rising inequality Ongoing conflicts Continued climate and environmental challenges Looking forward to 2017 Great uncertainties Looming famines in Northern Nigeria, Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan Persistent hunger and malnutrition
  4. 4. Urbanization in the spotlight Projected urban share of global population Urban 67% 20502014 Urban 54% Growth of urban population in major developing regions
  5. 5. 2017 GFPR Overview Food and Nutrition Security under Rapid Urbanization Rural-Urban Linkages Urban Hunger Nutrition Transition Value Chains Informal Markets Regional Developments Food Policy Indicators
  6. 6. • Burdens of malnutrition are shifting to urban areas • The urban poor face unique challenges o Dependence on the informal sector o Vulnerability to income & price shocks o Limited access to basic services • Better data on urban poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition are needed Challenges in urban hunger and malnutrition
  7. 7. • A “nutrition transition” is underway o Higher consumption of animal-source foods, sugar, fats and oils, refined grains, & processed foods • Overweight and obesity & other diet-related diseases are rising • Urban food environments pose challenges and opportunities o Easier access to unhealthy diets AND nutritious foods (for those who can afford them) Diets are changing with urbanization
  8. 8. • Drivers of change: Increased commercial flows of agricultural goods, diet transformation, greater role of commercial markets • “Quiet revolution” in staple-food value chains o Increased investment in technology & modern inputs o Greater vertical integration with growing scale of midstream & retail sections o Rise of mobile phone use by farmers for market information • Policies should account for growth in post-farmgate segments and urban markets Urban growth is reshaping agricultural value chains
  9. 9. • In Africa, where urbanization is most rapid, urban poor rely heavily on informal markets for accessible, affordable food • Policies face institutional, administrative, political challenges o Lack of local mandate for food security o Lack of policy integration across sectors & ministries o Political contest over cities can lead to violence • Governments often focus on control, regulation, or eradication of urban informal food economy Governance of informal markets are key in African cities
  10. 10. • Urban growth creates opportunities for rural producers • Rural-urban linkages help propel economic development, food security, and nutrition • Broken value chains and poor coordination weaken linkages, hold back progress Rural-urban linkages are crucial for ending hunger and malnutrition
  11. 11. Strong links have win-win outcomes Achieving improved food systems and multiple SDGs Example of activities enhancing rural-urban linkages Benefits Processing & storage facilities Reduced food loss Increased food diversity Improved coordination & planning More labor & market opportunities for smallholders Land use mgmt & improved food security Leverage intermediate towns & cities Increased scale of & access to markets Improved food access & quality
  12. 12. Lessons learned Three case studies • Improved infrastructure in the Red River Delta in Vietnam • Better road and transport systems, communications infrastructure, and connections to input suppliers spurred agric. intensification and crop diversification • Role of small- and medium-sized towns and cities in Ethiopia • Improvements to access roads, ICT access, and market infrastructure helped small towns become centers for agric. input and produce sales • Global value chain development and urban growth in Ghana • Expansion of cocoa production, processing, and trade raised farm incomes and stimulated urban economic activity through increased trade and business services
  13. 13. • Improve policy coordination between rural and urban areas • Support efficient and inclusive rural-urban value chains • Leverage towns and intermediate cities to facilitate economic and social links • Improve targeting of public investment • Promote social protection in rural and urban areas Improving rural-urban linkages Recommendations
  14. 14. Urbanization presents opportunities for both rural and urban areas to end hunger and malnutrition

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