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Will the US Ever Count Carbon?

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Will the US Ever Count Carbon?

  1. 1. Will the U.S. Ever Count Carbon?
  2. 2. Hopkins Architects
  3. 4. Palin has promoted oil and natural gas resource exploration in Alaska, including in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), [78] and initiated a lawsuit over the federal listing of the polar bear [185] and Cook Inlet beluga whale as endangered specie s. [186] Palin has stated in the past that she does not believe that global warming is human-caused , but has since clarified her position—saying in September 2008 that "man's activities certainly can be contributing to the issue" and that "John McCain and I agree that we gotta do something about it." [187] [188] [85] Sarah Palin, B.S. Comm., UI Source: Wikipedia, Sept 2008 Maybe?
  4. 6. <ul><li>A Major Grassroots Movement </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Conference of Mayors </li></ul><ul><li>American Institute of Architects </li></ul><ul><li>Ed Mazria—Architecture2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Bill McKibben—Step Up! </li></ul><ul><li>Focus the Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Eban Goldstein </li></ul><ul><li>1,000s of other groups… </li></ul>
  5. 7. Under the Agreement, participating cities commit to take following three actions: •  Strive to meet or beat the Kyoto Protocol targets in their own communities, through actions ranging from anti-sprawl land-use policies to urban forest restoration projects to public information campaigns; • Urge their state governments, and the federal government, to enact policies and programs to meet or beat the greenhouse gas emission reduction target suggested for the United States in the Kyoto Protocol -- 7% reduction from 1990 levels by 2012; and • Urge the U.S. Congress to pass the bipartisan greenhouse gas reduction legislation, which would establish a national emission trading system U.S. Conference of Mayors Climate Protection Agreement
  6. 8. Mayor of Seattle Greg Nickels Cites Mayors Climate Protection Agreement as Evidence of Mayors’ Climate Commitment In 2007 Nickels said, “It’s been more than two years since I initiated the Mayors Climate Agreement and today we heard that more than 728 mayors have pledged to reduce emissions 7 percent below 1990 levels by 2012. Their cities’ population represents one in four people who live the United States.” Nickels noted that Seattle has made tremendous progress in its effort to cut emissions and is on target to meet its climate protection goals.
  7. 9. Sept 1, 2006 Seattle's Mayor, Greg Nickels, proposed the mayors' agreement when Kyoto came into effect at the start of last year. By June 2005, he had 140 signatories, and the number has more than doubled since. The goal is to &quot;meet or exceed&quot; the Kyoto target of cutting global warming pollution to 7 per cent below 1990 levels by 2012.
  8. 13. As of May 2008 (1,540) (13,468)
  9. 16. Source: NBI study 2008
  10. 19. UI Moscow Campus on the Palouse Top-down & bottom-up!
  11. 20. © 2008 Sustainable Endowments Institute
  12. 21. UI Greenhouse Gas Emissions Assessment
  13. 23. Map of electricity sub-regions from the US EPA E-Grid (2006) Coal NWPP Hydro Over 50% no-carbon energy sources in NWPP
  14. 24. Idaho is lowest at 10.3 tons/capita
  15. 25. Comparison to other institutions of higher education Compared to other universities, UI has a small carbon footprint, well below the average of 6.7 metric tons per student found for other colleges and universities. Institution Year Per Student Emissions (metric tons/ student) University of Oregon * 2004 1.3 Portland State University* 2004 1.5 San Francisco State University 2005 2.1 Marymount Manhattan College 2007 2.2 The University of California, Santa Barbara 2004 2.2 University of Central Florida 2006 2.5 Boise State University 2006 2.7 Cal POLY San Luis Obispo 2005 3.5 College of Charleston 2001 3.5 University of Idaho 2006 3.6 Tulane University 2000 4.1 University of California Berkley 2006 4.4 Evergreen State College 2006 5.1 University of New Hampshire 2003 5.4 Lewis and Clark College 2003 5.8 University of Connecticut 2006 5.8 Connecticut College 2006 6.0 Oregon State University* 2007 6.1 Oberlin College 2000 16.8 Yale University 2006 19.2
  16. 26. <ul><li>PATH A: 2010 Imperative Curriculum Adopters of Path A commit to: Beginning in 2008, adding to all design studio problems the requirement that: &quot;the design engage the environment in a way that dramatically reduces or eliminates the need for fossil fuel,&quot; and by 2010, achieving complete ecological literacy in design education, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>design / studio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>history / theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>materials / technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>structures / construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>professional practice / ethics </li></ul></ul>UI Department of Architecture & Interior Design Unanimously adopted 2010
  17. 27. 1.) a half-term research, planning, and programming phase, during which students worked in teams, and 2.) a half-term design and development phase, during which students worked individually on segments of their team’s master plan. How do you teach first-term M.Arch. Students carbon-neutral design? Hypothesis: Underdeveloped carbon design tools will make it difficult.
  18. 28. 1.) research of carbon-neutral materials, methods, design strategies, and technologies and 2.) accountability for design decisions. Two requirements:
  19. 29. Teaching Fire Ecology in a prescribed burn area. Fall 2006 vs. Fall 2007
  20. 30. Fall 2006 vs. Fall 2007 McCall Field Campus Project Integrating Habitats Competition Interdisciplinary Master Planning Teams Individual project design development Teams with Interdisciplinary Master Plan advice Individual project design development Real site visit Visit ‘typical’ sites Client’s passionate involvement Competition rules as client Small to medium scale buildings Small to large scale buildings No schedule overlap Planning and design overlap Led to EPA P3 Grant and 3 awards & Follow-Up Design/Build Studio Honorable mention project for one of four projects
  21. 31. University of Idaho McCall Field Campus <ul><li>October 13, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Marx, Teresa Moosman, Abbie Slavens, Jennifer Bauman, Lauren Svejcar </li></ul>
  22. 32. Mission Statement At McCall Field Campus our vision is to educate users to current green building technologies in a navigable and naturally beautiful camp setting.
  23. 33. Site Analysis Erosion Wind Guest Parking Staff Parking Views Neighbors
  24. 34. Preliminary Design
  25. 35. Master Plan
  26. 36. Site Section
  27. 37. The Dock
  28. 38. Straw Bale Pod
  29. 39. Carbon Emission Reduction Strategies <ul><li>By reusing the cabin wood we are saving 2.34 tons of Carbon Dioxide </li></ul>
  30. 40. Straw Bale Pod Arch 553 Comprehensive Design Fall 2006 Bruce Haglund Instructor Paul Marx
  31. 41. Straw Bale Pod Design
  32. 42. Building Envelope - Roof
  33. 43. Building Envelope - Walls
  34. 44. Building Materials
  35. 45. Carbon Neutral? <ul><li>NY Wa$teMatch Materials reuse calculator. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Star Target – 95 </li></ul><ul><li>By reusing the cabin wood we are saving 2.34 tons of Carbon Dioxide </li></ul>
  36. 46. McCall Field Campus Redesign Individual Project: Campus Office by Sara Richards
  37. 47. Building Cross Section Rammed Earth Structural Columns Glu-lam Column Extension Wood Deck Rammed Earth Infill (non-structural walls) Rammed Earth Foundation Radiant Floor Heating Metal Roofing Glu-lam Beams Poured Earth Slab 2x6 Purlins
  38. 48. Entry Perspectives
  39. 49. Ecotect Model: Daylighting Study 1 st Floor Offices Receive approximately 33% daylight Mezzanine Floor Receives approximately 60-70% daylight
  40. 50. Integrating Habitats Competition Entry
  41. 59. Remember the Hypothesis: Underdeveloped carbon design tools will make it difficult. <ul><li>I was wrong! </li></ul><ul><li>Passion </li></ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinaryism </li></ul><ul><li>Reality </li></ul>