History of communication

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It consists of two part and it gives information about history of communication.I believe it will be useful for everyone who searchs for about communication history.Also, I am going to publish the second part coming soon..

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  • sevgili halil, iletişimi çok keyifli bir akış içinde aldığım sunuma bayıldım, konunun folklorik tarafını (yemenilerin kenarındaki oyalar, mendil hareketleri vb...) da katmanı önereceğim, devamını da sabırsızlıkla bekliyorum...
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History of communication

  1. 1. HISTORY OF COMMUNICATION PART I
  2. 2. THE BEGINNING • Communication begins with humanity • Cave paintings were the first tool • People told with cave paintings; 1. hunts 2. enemies 3. their cultures
  3. 3. • Storytelling • Fire signals • Drums were the other tools to communicate
  4. 4. INVENTION OF WRITING • Writing was invented by Sumerians in 3300
  5. 5. MEDIA IN ANCIENT EMPIRES • There were two governing space 1. Time-biased media(Duration over-time) 2. Space-biased media(Duration over-space)
  6. 6. TIME BIASED MEDIA • It included heavy-durable materials • i.e. stone
  7. 7. SPACE-BIASED MEDIA • It consists of short-lived materials • i.e. paper papyrus
  8. 8. PARCHMENT • It is the skin of animal • Invented in Pergamum Kingdom
  9. 9. PAPYRUS • Obtained from «Papyrus» plant • Commonly used in Egypt
  10. 10. QUIPU • Called as talking knots • Made up of cotton cords • Cords had a numeric value • Each cord make sense • Used by Incas
  11. 11. THE ALPHABET • Invented in 1700s by Phoenicians • Located around Mediterrean Sea • They dealt with trading
  12. 12. • At first; • For long messages  bamboo • For short messages  wood were used • Then; raw silk replaced wood
  13. 13. GREEK CULTURE • Oral culture at first • Refused alphabet through 300 years • Poetry  transmitted culture
  14. 14. COMMUNICATION IN MIDDLE AGES • Two factors were important; 1) Literacy 2) Having the ability to communicate over far distances • These made the Church powerful
  15. 15. • The Church controlled the education - monopoly of knowledge – • Word-of-mouth • Oral culture Medieval community
  16. 16. • Economic growth • Need for reliable information increased demand for manuscripts
  17. 17. • Paper was invented by Chinese in 105 AD • Adopted by Arabs in 8th century • Passed to Europeans in 10th century
  18. 18. • Printing press  invented by Johann Gutenberg in 14th century • Contributed to spread of written documents
  19. 19. RESULTS FOR PRINTING PRESS • More accessible/larger information • Increase in the amount of written documents • Growing up in literacy • Mechanizing of written texts • More standardized style • Development of new intellectual class • Impact on Reformation
  20. 20. RISE OF JOURNALISM
  21. 21. TYPES OF PRE-PRINT COMM. NETWORK • Network established by Catholic Church • Network established by political authorities of states • Network born from commercial activities • Networks of merchants travelers storytellers
  22. 22. • 2 major developments affecting the network • Establishment of regular postal service • Application of printing press
  23. 23. • In 15th century; • Leaflets • Posters • Broadsheet began to appear
  24. 24. • Periodical publications 16th century • Origins of modern newspaper17th century • In 1609 publication of weekly journals in German cities • By 1620, Amsterdam  the center of news • First newspaper in English in Amsterdam in 1620
  25. 25. • First daily newspaper in Englandin 1702 - Daily Courant -
  26. 26. • After 1830taxes progressively reduced • In 1860s taxes were abolished
  27. 27. • Jeremy Bentham • James Mill • John Stuart Mill famous advocators of the liberty of the press
  28. 28. THE NEW JOURNALISM • Jjournalism as entertainment Joseph Pulitzer/New York World
  29. 29. • Joseph Pulitzer(1847-1911): Hungarian- American newspaper publisher • In 1883,he bought New York World
  30. 30. • He used; 1. Graphics/illustrative elements 2. Multi-column headlines 3. Advertising 4. Pictures
  31. 31. • Also; 1. Increased the size of headlines 2. Reduced the size of paper
  32. 32. • Journalism as info. New York Times 1. Attracted wealthy people 2. Influenced journalism in 1920s and 1930s 3. Caused ideal of objectivity
  33. 33. YELLOWYELLOW JOURNALISM JOURNALISM • Presents little or no legitimate info. • Uses eye-catching headlines • Started in 19th century ( between New York Times and New York World)
  34. 34. REFERENCES • Special thanks to Irem Ozgören Kınlı • The slide is going to be continue..
  35. 35. • Created by Halil Ibrahim ULUHAN

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