History Of Communications


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I created this PowerPoint for my High School Communications Skills for Television class

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History Of Communications

  1. 1. History of Communications <ul><li>The Phoenicians develop an alphabet. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sumerians develop cuneiform writing - pictographs of accounts written on clay tablets. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians develop hieroglyphic writing </li></ul>3500 BC to 2900 BC
  2. 2. History of Communications <ul><li>Greeks use a phonetic alphabet written from left to right. </li></ul><ul><li>Oldest record of writing in China on bones. </li></ul><ul><li>The first encyclopedia is written in Syria. </li></ul>1775 BC 1400 BC 1270 BC
  3. 3. History of Communications <ul><li>The very first postal service - for government use in China. </li></ul><ul><li>First recorded use of homing pigeons to send messages - Announcing the winner of the Olympic Games to the Athenians. </li></ul>900 BC 776 BC
  4. 4. History of Communications <ul><li>The Greeks start the very first library. </li></ul><ul><li>Papyrus rolls and early parchments made of dried reeds - first portable and light writing surfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Tsai Lun of China invents paper as we know it. </li></ul>530 BC 500 BC to 170 BC 105 BC
  5. 5. History of Communications <ul><li>Human messengers on foot or horseback common in Egypt and China with messenger relay stations built along the route. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes fire messages used from relay station to station instead of humans. </li></ul>200 to 100 BC
  6. 6. History of Communications <ul><li>Romans establish postal services. </li></ul><ul><li>Heliographs - mirrors first used to send messages by Roman Emperor Tiberius. </li></ul><ul><li>First bound books. </li></ul>14 AD 37 AD 100 AD
  7. 7. History of Communications <ul><li>First wooden printing presses invented in China - symbols carved on a wooden block. </li></ul><ul><li>Movable type (made of clay) invented in China by Pi Sheng </li></ul><ul><li>First bound books. </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers appear in Europe. </li></ul>305 AD 1049 AD 1450 AD
  8. 8. History of Communications <ul><li>Johannes Gutenberg invents a printing press with metal movable type. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera Obscura invented - primitive image making. </li></ul><ul><li>Leipzig German merchant and printer, Timotheus Ritzsch, prints first daily newspaper. </li></ul>1455 1560 1650
  9. 9. History of Communications <ul><li>Englishmen, Henry Mill receives the first patent for a typewriter. </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Chappe invents the first long-distance semaphore telegraph line. </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Niépce achieves the first photographic image. </li></ul>1714 1793 1814
  10. 10. History of Communications <ul><li>Charles Wheatstone reproduces sound in a primitive sound box - the first speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Henry invents the first electric telegraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Morse invents Morse code. </li></ul>1821 1831 1835
  11. 11. History of Communications <ul><li>Samuel Morse creates the first long distance electric telegraph line. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Bain patents the first fax machine. </li></ul><ul><li>United States starts the Pony Express for mail delivery. </li></ul>1843 1861
  12. 12. History of Communications <ul><li>Coleman Sellers invents the Kinematoscope - a machine that flashed a series of still photographs onto a screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Christopher Shoales creates the first successful modern typewriter. </li></ul>1861 1867
  13. 13. History of Communications <ul><li>Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph - an office copying machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell patents the electric telephone. </li></ul><ul><li>Melvyl Dewey writes the Dewey Decimal System for ordering library books. </li></ul>1876
  14. 14. History of Communications <ul><li>Thomas Edison patents the phonograph - with a wax cylinder as recording medium. </li></ul><ul><li>Eadweard Muybridge invents high speed photography - creating first moving pictures that captured motion. </li></ul>1877
  15. 15. History of Communications <ul><li>Emile Berliner invents the gramophone - a system of recording which could be used over and over again. </li></ul><ul><li>George Eastman patents Kodak roll film camera. </li></ul><ul><li>Almon Strowger patents the direct dial telephone. </li></ul>1887 1889
  16. 16. History of Communications <ul><li>Guglielmo Marconi improves wireless telegraphy. </li></ul><ul><li>First telephone answering machines appear. </li></ul><ul><li>Valdemar Poulsen invents the first magnetic recording device using magnetized steel tape. </li></ul><ul><li>Loudspeakers invented. </li></ul>1894 1899
  17. 17. History of Communications <ul><li>Marconi transmits radio signals from Cornwall to Newfoundland - the first radio signal to cross the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>First regular comic books. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee Deforest invents an electronic amplifying tube improving radios and telephones </li></ul>1902 1904
  18. 18. History of Communications <ul><li>Thomas Edison demonstrates the first talking motion picture. It will be 17 years until “talkies” </li></ul><ul><li>First cross country telephone call made. </li></ul><ul><li>First radios with tuners begin to broadcast different stations </li></ul>1910 1914 1916
  19. 19. History of Communications <ul><li>The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin - first television camera. </li></ul><ul><li>John Logie Baird transmits the first experimental television signal. </li></ul>1923 1925
  20. 20. History of Communications <ul><li>Warner Brothers Studios invents a way to record sound separately from the film on large disks and to synchronize the sound and motion picture tracks upon playback - an improvement on Thomas Edison's work. </li></ul>1926
  21. 21. History of Communications <ul><li>NBC starts two radio networks. </li></ul><ul><li>CBS founded. </li></ul><ul><li>First television broadcast in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Warner Brothers releases “The Jazz Singer” the first successful talking motion picture. </li></ul>1927
  22. 22. History of Communications <ul><li>Radio popularity spreads with the &quot;Golden Age&quot; of radio. </li></ul><ul><li>First television broadcasts in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Movietone system of recording film sound on an audio track right on the film invented. </li></ul>1930
  23. 23. History of Communications <ul><li>Joseph Begun invents the first magnetic tape recorder for recording location audio. </li></ul><ul><li>Television broadcasts are now able to be taped and edited - rather than only live or on film. </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled regular television broadcasts begin. </li></ul>1934 1938 1939
  24. 24. History of Communications <ul><li>Computers like Harvard's Mark I put into public service - the age of Information Science begins </li></ul><ul><li>Long playing record invented - vinyl and played at 33 rpm. </li></ul><ul><li>Transistor invented - enabling the miniaturization of electronic devices. </li></ul>1944 1948
  25. 25. History of Communications <ul><li>Network television starts in U.S. and NBC is the First Network </li></ul><ul><li>45 rpm record invented </li></ul><ul><li>Computers are first sold commercially. </li></ul><ul><li>Chester Carlson invents the photocopier or Xerox machine. </li></ul>1949 1951 1958
  26. 26. History of Communications <ul><li>Integrated Circuit invented enabling the further miniaturization of electronic devices and computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Zip codes invented in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Xerox invents the Telecopier - the first successful fax machine. </li></ul>1958 1963 1966
  27. 27. History of Communications <ul><li>ARPANET - the first Internet -started by MIT. </li></ul><ul><li>The floppy disc is invented. </li></ul><ul><li>The microprocessor is invented - called a “computer on a chip” </li></ul><ul><li>HBO invents pay-TV service for cable. </li></ul>1969 1971 1972
  28. 28. History of Communications <ul><li>First Apple home computer invented. </li></ul><ul><li>First nationwide programming via satellite - implemented by Ted Turner. </li></ul><ul><li>First cellular phone communi-cation network started in Japan. </li></ul>1976 1979
  29. 29. History of Communications <ul><li>Sony Walkman invented. </li></ul><ul><li>First IBM PC sold. </li></ul><ul><li>First laptop computers sold to public. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer mouse becomes regular part of computer. </li></ul>1980 1981
  30. 30. History of Communications <ul><li>Time magazines names the computer as &quot;Man of the Year.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>First cellular phone network started in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Apple Macintosh released. </li></ul><ul><li>IBM PC AT released. </li></ul>1983 1984
  31. 31. History of Communications <ul><li>Cellular telephones in cars become wide-spread. </li></ul><ul><li>CD-ROMs in computers. </li></ul><ul><li>American government releases control of internet and WWW is born - making communication at lightspeed. </li></ul>1985 1994