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Teaching By Principles                                              Language Teaching requires                            ...
Cognitive Principles                         Cognitive Principles 4. Intrinsic Motivation                      6. Autonomy...
Linguistic Principles                        Linguistic Principles 11. Interlanguage                            12. Commun...
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12 principles of language teaching power point notes page

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12 principles of language teaching power point notes page

  1. 1. Teaching By Principles Language Teaching requires connecting THEORY and PRACTICE. 12 Principles of Language TeachingTeaching By Principles Cognitive Principles Language Teaching requires 1. Automaticity connecting THEORY and Students absorb language PRACTICE. automatically. Students move toward fluency and “think” about language less as they There are three types of principles: progress. Cognitive – mental and intellectual Application – Don’t overwhelm Socioaffective – emotional students with language rules, balance Linguistic – language rules and practice.Cognitive Principles Cognitive Principles 2. Meaningful Learning 3. Anticipation of Reward “Rote learning has little chance of Reward = Better performance creating long-term retention.” (TBP pg. Application – Use verbal praise, 65) encouragement, compliments, Application – Appeal to students’ enthusiasm, and remind students of language needs and goals, link new long-term rewards. knowledge to previous knowledge, avoid pitfalls (TBP pg. 66) 1
  2. 2. Cognitive Principles Cognitive Principles 4. Intrinsic Motivation 6. Autonomy 5. Strategic Investment Successful learners take control of “The methods that the learner their own language learning with the employs to internalize and to perform teacher as a facilitator or guide. in the language are as important as the teacher’s methods – or more so.” (TBP pg. 68) Application – Help students become teacher-dependent self-dependent aware of their own learning preferences and teach them how to be good language learners.Socioaffective Principles Socioaffective Principles 7. Language Ego 8. Willingness to Communicate Students feel awkward in the learning Students who are self-confident take environment and good teachers risks and accomplish more. compensate. Application – Encourage both accuracy Application – Support your students, and risk-taking, carefully sequence choose techniques that challenge but techniques to ensure learner success. don’t overwhelm, move from teacher- controlled to student-controlled activities gradually.Socioaffective Principles Linguistic Principles 9. Language-Culture Connection 10. Native Language Effect Successfully learning a language In beginning levels, many errors are means learning about the culture, too. caused by native language Application – Discuss cross-cultural interference. Native language can also differences and respect. facilitate learning. Application – Point out common errors that come from native language interference, teach cognates, teach students to think directly in the target language. 2
  3. 3. Linguistic Principles Linguistic Principles 11. Interlanguage 12. Communicative Competence As students acquire a language, Being competent in the language interlanguage is displayed. Your means: feedback helps learners move towards Organizational target-language accuracy. Competence Application – Point out interlanguage errors, show students that these errors Psychomotor Strategic mean their brain is in “language Skills Competence Competence learning mode.” Pragmatic Competence12 Principles of Language Teaching Automaticity Language Ego Meaningful Willingess to Learning Communicate Anticipation of Language-Culture Connection Reward Native Language Intrinsic Effect Motivation Interlanguage Strategic Communicative Investment Competence Autonomy 3

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