Chapter 5, Douglas Brown (2001)
Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to
Language Pedagogy.Addison Wesley,Longman.
Prof. Estela N. Braun- Adjunto Regular Práctica
Educativa II, Didáctica del Inglés y Residencia en
Primaria (Abril, 2014)
1. a Behaviouristic Definition: Skinner (1958)
Motivation as “…the anticipation of
2. Cognitive definition:
Internal drives: Ausubel (1968):
Hierarchy of Needs Theory ,Maslow
Love- Belongingness- Affection
Safety- Security- Protection- Freedom
Air- Water- Food- Rest- Exercise
Self-control theory (Hunt, 1971)
MOTIVATION is highest when one
can make one’s own choices
, whether they are short-term or
regulation. Autonomy. Make our
David Nunan, Motivating YLE.
INTRINSIC AND EXTRINSIC
Gardner and Lambert, 1972; Gardner &
MOTIVATION: Intensity of one’s
impetus to learn.
Intrinsic motivation is superior in
terms of long-term goals.
Extrinsic motivation: too
dependant on tangible rewards.
THE PROBLEM OF EXTRINSIC
THEM LEAVE OUT THE LEARNERS’ NEEDS,
AND THUS FAIL TO CREATE A
COLLABORATIVE PROCESS OF
Discuss the chart on page 79.
Tests and exams. Peer-
Emphasizing the “big” picture-larger perspective
Letting students set long-term goals
Allowing sufficient time for learning
Cooperative learning activities
Viewing the class as a team
English for specific purposes
Allowing risk-taking behaviour
Rewarding innovation and creativity
Activities for intrinsic motivation
Teaching writing as a thinking process in which
learners develop their own ideas freely and
Showing learners different strategies to enhance
Students créate their own Reading materials (e-
Oral fluency activities about their interests.
Listening to an academic lectura for specific
CLT enables learners to use language to
If learners see grammatical explanations as a
Teacher as FACILITATOR
1. Set a personal example with your own
2. Create a pleasant, relaxed atmosphere in the
3. Present the tasks properly.
4. Develop a good relationship with the learners.
5. Increase the learners’linguistic self-confidence.
6. Make the language classes interesting.
7. Promote learner autonomy.
8. Personalize the learning process.
9. Increase the learners’goal-orientedness.
10. Familiarize learners with the target language
At home solve chapter 9 TKT in pairs.
In pairs, review literature on Motivation. Choose
an article, summarize it and present it orally in
class. Which practical experiment could you use
to learn about your students’level of motivation?
You will receive a list of recommended authros by
Internet Resources for