• SUBMITTED BY:
• Gaurav bhatt
Opening times All
year, Daily, Open 7am
fee Entrance free in
winter (Nov to March
• What is French garden.
• Study of garden at versailles.
• Brief history.
• Architectural points in landscaping.
• What are French gardens.
• Why they called French gardens.
• How they look like.
• What are their qualities.
• What about architecture in the French garden
The French garden…
• The French gardens were inspired by the “Italian
• symmetry and geometry are the keywords when
designing such gardens.
• the whole of garden is composed like a painting
reaching for pure aesthetical qualities.
• Like a painting, it is also created to be seen as a
French garden… THETICS…..
• Most French gardens were designed to be
looked at from specific places, such as
terraces or balconies.
• The overall impression of the French
landscaping style is one of harmony, one of
power of man over nature, where every tree
and every bush is given a chosen location
Plants and Features Trees to use in
French Formal Design
• The clipped hedges are usually box, lavender, rosemary and
occasionally santoline. Regular trimming to stop them going
'leggy' and 'woody' is important.
• Bedding plants and bulbs are popular choices for parterres
with for example, parterres filled with bulbs in formal
patterns for spring flowering and then taken out and
replaced with bedding plants for the late-spring and summer.
• Many French Chateax have wonderful vegetable gardens
with the vegetables laid out in patterns and parterres in the
style of the ornamental formal gardens.
• The focus of the garden tends to be the house, usually a
palace or chateau and paths radiate out of this creating long
• A geometric plan is used and symettry is very important.
• A central axis leads away from the house - perpendicular to
• Paths tend to be gravel and edged with clipped hedges and
topiary laid out in symmetrical patterns.
• Statuary is often used in French Garden Design. Pavilions
and 'follies' are often incorporated too.
KEY F Features EATURES
• Water is often a key feature of French garden design and lots
of round pools and long rectangles of water will be
incorporated, the reflection of the water adding to the
symmetry and tranquillity of the scene. Fountains and
cascades are also very common features.
• Close to the house planting is kept low (no trees) and tends to
consist of parterres. Parterres close to the house can be quite
intricately patterened and will tend to become more simple
further from the house.
• Further from the house paths are often edged with trees, these
are almost almost always manipulated in some way. Trees are
always planted in straight lines adding perspective and
reinforcing the symmetry of the garden.
• The GardensofVersaillescoversome
• Versailles is the most famous garden in the world. The scale is monumental and
there is little sense of enclosure.
• Versailles was designed as a palatial centre of government for an absolute
monarch, Louis XIV. It is resplendent as the prime example of the French
Baroque style, but it is not a friendly place.
• Avenues project from Louis XIV's palace towards distant horizons, enfolding
town, palace, garden and forest.
• There are imaculate parterres, great basins, an orangery, a vast collection of
outdoor sculpture and some of the grandest fountains which have ever been
• The park and garden were designed by Andre Le Nôtre between 1661 and 1700.
There are magnificient features: huge parterres, an orangery, famous fountains
(which operate....), rich bosquets (ornamental groves), a 1.8 km cruciform canal.
• The Grand Trianon, another formal garden, was built on the site of a former
village. Versailles also has later additions. The Petit Trianon was given to Marie-
Antoinette in 1774.
Plants and Trees to use in French
• Trees are planted in straight lines and clipped to keep a
perfect shape and size.
• They may be formed into shapes to form topiary.
• Trees used in the Gardens of Versaille were:- Hornbeam,
Beech, Chestnut, Elm and Linden for the most part.
• Hornbeam and Beech are easy to plant and shape making them
particularly good trees for formal gardens.
APPROACH AND THOUGHT
• The planting proposed
for the site design the
character of the
formal garden while
arrangements of a
nature. there will be a
transition from formal
parterre in geometry
to more naturalistic
ELEMENTS AND PRINCPLES
• USE OF ELMENTS IN DESIGNING
• And play of space by using elements