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French garden at versallies.

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What is French garden? Features, Study of garden at versailles, Brief history, Architectural points in landscaping, Refrences.

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French garden at versallies.

  1. 1. GardensofVersailles{FRENCHGARDEN} • SUBMITTED BY: • Gaurav bhatt • Gagan Address Ile-de France, Versailles, France. Opening times All year, Daily, Open 7am to sunset. Entrance fee Entrance free in winter (Nov to March
  2. 2. Contents • What is French garden. • Features. • Study of garden at versailles. • Brief history. • Architectural points in landscaping. • Refrences.
  3. 3. FRENCH GARDENS
  4. 4. • What are French gardens. • Why they called French gardens. • How they look like. • What are their qualities. • What about architecture in the French garden designing.
  5. 5. The French garden… • The French gardens were inspired by the “Italian renaissance garden. • symmetry and geometry are the keywords when designing such gardens. • the whole of garden is composed like a painting reaching for pure aesthetical qualities. • Like a painting, it is also created to be seen as a whole.
  6. 6. EXAMPLE
  7. 7. French garden… THETICS….. • Most French gardens were designed to be looked at from specific places, such as terraces or balconies. • The overall impression of the French landscaping style is one of harmony, one of power of man over nature, where every tree and every bush is given a chosen location and shape.
  8. 8. Plants and Features Trees to use in French Formal Design HEDGES :- • The clipped hedges are usually box, lavender, rosemary and occasionally santoline. Regular trimming to stop them going 'leggy' and 'woody' is important. • Bedding plants and bulbs are popular choices for parterres with for example, parterres filled with bulbs in formal patterns for spring flowering and then taken out and replaced with bedding plants for the late-spring and summer. VEGETABLES :- • Many French Chateax have wonderful vegetable gardens with the vegetables laid out in patterns and parterres in the style of the ornamental formal gardens. PLANTS:-
  9. 9. Features • The focus of the garden tends to be the house, usually a palace or chateau and paths radiate out of this creating long axial views. • A geometric plan is used and symettry is very important. • A central axis leads away from the house - perpendicular to the house. • Paths tend to be gravel and edged with clipped hedges and topiary laid out in symmetrical patterns. • Statuary is often used in French Garden Design. Pavilions and 'follies' are often incorporated too.
  10. 10. EXAMPLE
  11. 11. KEY F Features EATURES • Water is often a key feature of French garden design and lots of round pools and long rectangles of water will be incorporated, the reflection of the water adding to the symmetry and tranquillity of the scene. Fountains and cascades are also very common features. • Close to the house planting is kept low (no trees) and tends to consist of parterres. Parterres close to the house can be quite intricately patterened and will tend to become more simple further from the house. • Further from the house paths are often edged with trees, these are almost almost always manipulated in some way. Trees are always planted in straight lines adding perspective and reinforcing the symmetry of the garden.
  12. 12. EXAMPLE
  13. 13. GardensofVersailles{FRENCHGARDEN} Address Ile- de France, Versailles, France. Opening times All year, Daily, Open 7am to sunset. Entrance fee Entrance free in winter (Nov to March
  14. 14. PLAN
  15. 15. GardensofVersailles • The GardensofVersaillescoversome 800hectaresofland,muchofwhichis landscapedintheclassicFrench. The parkandgardenweredesignedbyAndre LeNôtrebetween1661and1700.On weekendsfromlatespringtoearly autumn,theadministrationofthe museumsponsorstheGrandesEaux– spectaclesduringwhichallthefountains inthegardensareinfullplay.
  16. 16. DISCRIPTION • Versailles is the most famous garden in the world. The scale is monumental and there is little sense of enclosure. • Versailles was designed as a palatial centre of government for an absolute monarch, Louis XIV. It is resplendent as the prime example of the French Baroque style, but it is not a friendly place. • Avenues project from Louis XIV's palace towards distant horizons, enfolding town, palace, garden and forest. • There are imaculate parterres, great basins, an orangery, a vast collection of outdoor sculpture and some of the grandest fountains which have ever been made. • The park and garden were designed by Andre Le Nôtre between 1661 and 1700. There are magnificient features: huge parterres, an orangery, famous fountains (which operate....), rich bosquets (ornamental groves), a 1.8 km cruciform canal. • The Grand Trianon, another formal garden, was built on the site of a former village. Versailles also has later additions. The Petit Trianon was given to Marie- Antoinette in 1774.
  17. 17. LOCATIONANDDESIGNERS • Location Versailles,France • Coordinates 48°48′29″N2°6′30″ECoordinates:48°48′29″N2°6′30″E • Area 800ha. Designer • AndréLeNôtre • CharlesLeBrun • LouisLeVau • JulesHardouin-Mansart
  18. 18. PLANTSANDAREA • Plants • 200,000trees • 210,000flowersplantedannually • Features • 50fountains • 620waterjets(fedby35km.piping) • 5.57kmGrandCanal(circumference;surfacearea23ha.)
  19. 19. Plants and Trees to use in French Formal DesignTREES:- • Trees are planted in straight lines and clipped to keep a perfect shape and size. • They may be formed into shapes to form topiary. • Trees used in the Gardens of Versaille were:- Hornbeam, Beech, Chestnut, Elm and Linden for the most part. • Hornbeam and Beech are easy to plant and shape making them particularly good trees for formal gardens.
  20. 20. APPROACH AND THOUGHT • Thegoaloftheproposalistopresentaschematicdesignforaformal arabicandfrenchgardenadaptedtoQatar’ssensibilitiesandsite conditions. • Itincludestheextensionandamendmentoftheexistingbuiltlandscape tocreateamorecomprehensiveandcoherentlandscapedesignwhich accommodatesthevarioussiteusers. • Withinthescheme,theeventareaunderwentadetaileddesignto introduceagoentertainmenthub.
  21. 21. LANDCSAPING DESIGN • The planting proposed for the site design the character of the formal garden while incorporating plant arrangements of a more contemporary nature. there will be a transition from formal parterre in geometry to more naturalistic scenery.
  22. 22. ELEMENTS AND PRINCPLES • USE OF ELMENTS IN DESIGNING • And play of space by using elements
  23. 23. Axes&Symmetry • Thetwoschematicspresentedmanifest theformalgardenthrough:Axes& Symmetrythesiteisorganizedthrough thedivisionofspacesusingprimaryand secondarychannelsofmovements.these axesserveasthemirrorlineforthe symmetricalform. • Hierarchy&Dramaexperiencingand movingthroughthesiteismanipulatedby hierarchyanddrama,wheretheheight, size,andcomplexityofthesurrounding areaofferaguidedtour
  24. 24. Waterasanelement • Waterplaysacentralrolein formalgardensasitrepresents thesourceoflife.Waterisusedin theschemetoproducedifferent experiencesofspace,asreflecting ponds,naturallakes,fountains, andchannels.
  25. 25. ELEMENTS OF GARDENS • Manicured lawns. • Parterres of flowers. • sculptures as fountains. • Ornamental landscaping. • Various play of proportions. • Various play of levels.
  26. 26. ELEMENTS OF GARDENS • Manicuredlawns
  27. 27. ELEMENTS OF GARDENS • Parterresofflowers
  28. 28. Fountain as sculpture element
  29. 29. Ornamentallandscaping • `
  30. 30. Various play of proportions
  31. 31. Thank you 

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