Internet infrastructure and the history of the world wide web presentation, fall 2012

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Internet infrastructure and the history of the world wide web presentation, fall 2012

  1. 1. Internet infrastructure and History of the World Wide Web Graham Garner E-Business Practicum BA/CA 388-01 Wartburg College • Fall 2012Tuesday, October 16, 12
  2. 2. History of the Internet http://vimeo.com/2696386Tuesday, October 16, 12
  3. 3. Milestones of the Internet • Oct. 1957 – USSR launches Sputnik satellite • Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) of U.S. Dept. of Defense seeks to protect confidential military information • 1969 – ARPA forms ARPANET, first Internet • 1990s – Internet becomes available to general public • 1995 – Yahoo creates directory of sites and pages to help people find good informationTuesday, October 16, 12
  4. 4. Milestones of the Internet • Late 1990s – Dot Com Industry booms Internet grows too large for Yahoo to organize well • Google forms after creating a way to count links and give good relevance to searches • Sept. 2001 – The 9-11 attacks cause the market to plunge, as does the dot com industry • Web gets reinvigorated as a social networking tool as well as commercial businessTuesday, October 16, 12
  5. 5. Milestones of the Internet • Sites like Friendster, MySpace and Facebook change the way people interact on the Web… Web 2.0 • Blogging software becomes popular, allowing anyone to create a Web site • Too many blogs to keep track of causes Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feeds to be developed • New York Times the first newspaper to use RSS feeds; all others follow suit • Mobile web is gaining in popularityTuesday, October 16, 12
  6. 6. How the Internet Works http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5oe63pOhLITuesday, October 16, 12
  7. 7. World Internet Usage and Population Internet Internet Users World Population Percentage of Growth Percentage Users (Dec. (Dec. 30, Regions (2011) Population (2000-2011) of Table 31, 2000) 2011) Africa 1,037,524,058 4,514,400 139,875,242 13.50% 2988.40% 6.20% Asia 3,879,740,877 114,304,000 1,016,799,076 26.20% 789.60% 44.80% Europe 816,426,346 105,096,093 500,723,686 61.30% 376.40% 22.10% Middle  East 216,258,843 3,284,800 77,020,995 35.60% 2244.80% 3.40% North  America 347,394,870 108,096,800 273,067,546 78.60% 152.60% 12.00% La6n  America  /   597,283,165 18,068,919 235,819,740 39.50% 1205.10% 10.40% Carib. Oceania  /   35,426,995 7,620,480 23,927,457 67.50% 214.00% 1.10% Australia WORLD  TOTAL 6,930,055,154 360,985,492 2,267,233,742 32.70% 528.10% 100.00%Tuesday, October 16, 12
  8. 8. Internet Users in the World Distribution by World Regions http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htmTuesday, October 16, 12
  9. 9. Domain Names When the Domain Name System was devised, in the 1980s, the domain name space was divided into two main groups of domains.The country code top-level domains (ccTLD) were primarily based on the two-character territory codes of ISO-3166 country abbreviations.Tuesday, October 16, 12
  10. 10. Domain Names In addition, a group of seven generic top- level domains (gTLD) was implemented which represented a set of categories of names and multi-organizations.Tuesday, October 16, 12
  11. 11. Domain Names Gov[ernment] Edu[cation] Com[mercial] Mil[itary] Org[anisations] Net[work] Int[ernational]Tuesday, October 16, 12

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