Education In The Uk

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Education In The Uk

  1. 1. Education in the UK -Different types of school (private, state, boarding, religious..) -Different stages in education (nursery, primary, secondary..)
  2. 2. State schools <ul><li>Funded by the government </li></ul><ul><li>Provide free education to pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Majority under control of local councils </li></ul><ul><li>Minority funded by central government, “academies” and “City Technology Colleges”. </li></ul><ul><li>All local authority maintained schools follow the National Curriculum </li></ul>
  3. 3. Private schools <ul><li>Also known as “independent” or “public” school in UK </li></ul><ul><li>Students must sit an entrance exam </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by charging students tuition-average £3,000 per term </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships to reduce cost </li></ul><ul><li>High tuition used to pay for the best teachers and provide enriched learning environments (small class sizes, libraries, science labs, computers) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Faith schools <ul><li>Around a third of all state schools </li></ul><ul><li>Many linked to the Church of England </li></ul><ul><li>Sets the ethos of the school </li></ul><ul><li>May give priority to applicants who are of the school’s faith </li></ul><ul><li>Also Jewish, Muslim and Sikh faith schools </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the same national curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>In Church of England schools, Religious Education is monitored, but doesn’t take up much more of the timetable than in secular schools </li></ul>
  5. 5. Boarding schools <ul><li>Around 700 in UK </li></ul><ul><li>Most are private, very few state boarding schools </li></ul><ul><li>Students live in or near the school grounds </li></ul><ul><li>Most boarding schools also have day students </li></ul><ul><li>Boarders normally return home during school holidays </li></ul><ul><li>Students separated into residential houses </li></ul><ul><li>Senior staff appointed as housemasters, taking responsibility for pupils in their house </li></ul><ul><li>Prefect system gives older pupils certain privileges and responsibility </li></ul>
  6. 6. Single-sex schools <ul><li>Male and female students attend separate classes </li></ul><ul><li>Most are private schools </li></ul><ul><li>Some studies show children from single-sex schools are outperforming those from mixed schools </li></ul><ul><li>Some people feel single-sex learning creates inequalities and gender stereotypes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nursery school <ul><li>For children between 3 and 5 years, although many take younger children </li></ul><ul><li>Each child entitled to 12.5 hours per week of free early education </li></ul><ul><li>Most nurseries are privately run </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers supervise educational play, rather than just providing childcare </li></ul>
  8. 8. Primary school <ul><li>For children aged from 4 to 11 years </li></ul><ul><li>Key stage 1 and 2 of National Curriculum (Reception-Year 6) </li></ul><ul><li>Fee-paying schools known as “preparatory schools” </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to prepare students for exams into private schools </li></ul>
  9. 9. Secondary school <ul><li>For children from ages 11 to 16 or 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Key stage 3 and 4 of National Curriculum (Year 7 to Year 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Can also include Sixth form (16-18) </li></ul><ul><li>After 16, compulsory education ends </li></ul>
  10. 10. College <ul><li>Between secondary school and university </li></ul><ul><li>Sixth form or further education and mature education </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare students for university degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Apprenticeships provide vocational training (National Vocational Qualifications or NVQs) </li></ul>
  11. 11. University <ul><li>Tuition fees 2009/2010- £3,225 </li></ul><ul><li>Students can apply for a state-provided loan for tuition fee and living costs </li></ul><ul><li>Most degrees are 3 years, 4 years “sandwich course” </li></ul><ul><li>Must apply online through UCAS (Universities and Colleges Admissions Service) </li></ul><ul><li>Apply for up to 5 courses </li></ul><ul><li>Oxbridge applications treated differently, as are Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary science </li></ul>
  12. 12. School discipline
  13. 13. Behaviour <ul><li>Schools should have a written policy which sets out the standards of behaviour it expects </li></ul><ul><li>They should review them regularly and publicise them to parents, staff and pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Should include a code of conduct, which can apply before and after school as well as during the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Government advises schools to promote positive behaviour, build self-discipline and encourage respect for others </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sanctions Schools have the right to impose sanctions if a pupil misbehaves. These can include: <ul><li>Reprimands </li></ul><ul><li>Letters to parents </li></ul><ul><li>Removal from class </li></ul><ul><li>Confiscating belongings </li></ul><ul><li>Detention </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers are not allowed to punish pupils physically, but can restrain them when necessary. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fixed period exclusions <ul><li>Child can be excluded for seriously breaking school rules </li></ul><ul><li>If allowing them to stay in school would harm the education or welfare of the child or other pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Only the head teacher can exclude a child </li></ul><ul><li>Should set work for pupils who are excluded for longer than one school day </li></ul><ul><li>Should call parents the day exclusion is given and also send a letter </li></ul>
  16. 16. Permanent exclusions <ul><li>Only as a last resort </li></ul><ul><li>Try to improve child’s behaviour through other means first </li></ul><ul><li>In exceptional circumstances, may be excluded for a one-off offence </li></ul><ul><li>Parents can appeal against an exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Full-time education must be provided from the sixth day of a permanent exclusion </li></ul>
  17. 17. Teacher training
  18. 18. To work as a teacher in state schools you need to have qualified teacher status. To be awarded QTS you must: <ul><li>Complete a period of training, such as a one-year professional or postgraduate certificate in education (PGCE)-known as initial teacher training (ITT) </li></ul><ul><li>Complete a period of induction-first year of employment in a school </li></ul><ul><li>Pass tests in literacy, numeracy and information and communications technology (ICT) by the end of ITT period </li></ul>
  19. 19. When applying for a PGCE applicants must choose which age range to specialise in: <ul><li>Early years (3-5 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Lower primary (5-7 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Upper primary (7-11 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary (11-16 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Further education or post-compulsory education (16+ years) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Once QTS is achieved, it is legal to teach any age range (unless training in FE), although can be difficult to change </li></ul><ul><li>Most teachers stay within the age ranges they trained in </li></ul><ul><li>In order to change age range, you need to provide evidence to persuade the head teacher you are able to teach the ages you are applying for </li></ul>

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