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Text	
  by	
  E.	
  Kissner	
  
	
  
Have	
  you	
  ever	
  wanted	
  to	
  go	
  to	
  Antarctica?	
  It’s	
  not	
  an	
...
Text	
  by	
  E.	
  Kissner	
  
	
  
	
  
Where	
  to	
  stay	
  
If	
  there	
  are	
  no	
  hotels	
  or	
  houses,	
  w...
Text	
  by	
  E.	
  Kissner	
  
	
  
What	
  to	
  do	
  
Researchers	
  in	
  Antarctica	
  are	
  there	
  to	
  study	
...
Text	
  by	
  E.	
  Kissner	
  
More	
  informational	
  texts	
  by	
  Emily	
  Kissner	
  
	
  
I	
  write	
  low-­‐cost...
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Welcome to Antarctica: Informational Text

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An informational article for young readers.

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Welcome to Antarctica: Informational Text

  1. 1. Text  by  E.  Kissner     Have  you  ever  wanted  to  go  to  Antarctica?  It’s  not  an  easy  trip.   Antarctica  is  the  coldest,  windiest  place  on  earth.  But  for  the  brave   people  who  go  there  each  year,  it  is  a  destination  like  no  other.  What  is   it  like  to  go  to  this  cold  and  icy  continent?     Getting  to  Antarctica   First  of  all,  don’t  expect   a  hotel  or  a  theme  park.  No   one  really  lives  in  Antarctica.   Many  countries  have  research   stations  there,  but  the   scientists  and  the  staff   members  spend  only  a  few   months  at  a  time  on  the   frozen  land.  So  there  are  few   tourist  attractions  besides   penguins,  researchers,  and   lots  and  lots  of  ice.     One  way  to  get  to   Antarctica  is  by  boat.  The   Southern  Ocean  is  rough  and   choppy,  and  many  people  get  seasick.  The  waters  around  Antarctica  are   filled  with  ice,  which  means  that  a  ship  has  to  be  very  strong!  The   voyage  by  sea  may  take  as  long  as  one  week.   People  have  traveled  around  Antarctica  by  airplane  since  1929.   Some  planes  have  skis  on  the  bottom  so  that  they  can  land  on  the  ice.  In   2008,  the  country  of  Australia  built  an  airport  in  Antarctica.  This  makes   travel  much  easier  for  scientists  and  researchers!  But  this  airport  is   open  for  only  a  few  months  each  year—October  through  May,   Antarctica’s  warmest  months.  And  it’s  only  open  to  scientists  and  other   staff.     Which  means  that  one  of  the  best  ways  to  get  to  Antarctica  is  to   get  a  job  there!  Many  scientists  work  at  research  stations  across  the   continent.  But  there  are  other  jobs  too.  Cooks,  doctors,  mechanics,  and   plumbers  are  all  needed.  And  a  few  artists,  writers,  and  photographers   are  invited  each  year  as  well.   Ships  that  go  to  Antarctica  need  to  have   strong  hulls.  This  ship,  the  Nathaniel  B.   Palmer,  is  an  ice-­‐breaking  vessel.  It  can   actually  break  the  ice  as  it  moves  through   the  ocean  around  Antarctica!   NOAA  photo   Welcome to Antarctica
  2. 2. Text  by  E.  Kissner       Where  to  stay   If  there  are  no  hotels  or  houses,  where  do  people  live?  Each   research  station  has  its  own  dormitory.  A  dormitory  is  a  place  for   people  to  stay.  No  fancy  rooms  here—most  dorm  rooms  have  only  a   bed,  a  dresser,  and  a  desk.  People  usually  share  rooms.   Research  stations  are  heated   and  comfortable.  While  they’re  not   working,  scientists  and  staff  can   relax  in  the  lounge,  play  games,  or   use  the  computer.  Many   researchers  also  enjoy  exploring   the  outdoors  around  the  stations.   In  some  places,  they  can  see   penguins,  seals,  and  killer  whales.   Because  it  never  rains,   water  is  hard  to  come  by.  In  some   research  stations,  people  use  a   process  to  turn  seawater  into   drinking  water.  In  other  research   stations,  workers  melt  snow  to  collect  water.  No  wonder  that  people   living  in  Antarctica  are  only  allowed  to  take  showers  once  per  week!     What  to  wear   What  should  you  wear?  Many  visitors  are  provided  with  survival   clothing  that  they  keep  with  them  whenever  they  go  outdoors.  Survival   gear  includes  heavy  gloves,  goggles,  and  coats.  Most  clothing  is  bright   orange,  yellow,  or  red  so  that  people  are  easy  to  spot  on  the  white  snow.   Special  boots  have  spikes  to  make  it  easier  to  walk  on  ice.  But  don’t  get   too  attached  to  the  new  clothes.  They  need  to  be  returned  when  you   leave.   Surprisingly,  sunglasses  and  sunscreen  are  important  for  working   in  Antarctica.  The  sun’s  reflection  on  the  snow  can  cause  a  condition   called  snow  blindness.  The  bright  light  can  actually  make  you  blind  for   a  day  or  two.  Many  people  bring  several  pairs  of  sunglasses,  and  take   very  good  care  of  them.  After  all,  there  are  no  stores  for  a  long,  long   way!   These  are  some  of  the  dormitories  at   McMurdo  Station.   photo  by  Alan  R.  Light  
  3. 3. Text  by  E.  Kissner     What  to  do   Researchers  in  Antarctica  are  there  to  study  many  subjects.  At  the   coastal  research  stations,  scientists  are  learning  about  the  animals  of   Antarctica,  such  as  penguins   and  skuas.  Others  study  the   ocean  to  learn  more  about  the   odd  creatures  that  live  there.   After  all,  where  else  can  you   find  sea  spiders  and   carnivorous  sponges?   No  animals  live  at  the   South  Pole,  far  away  from  the   coast.  Scientists  there  study   the  skies  instead.  Some   research  our  atmosphere,   while  others  use  powerful   telescopes  to  study  the  sky.   One  project,  called  Ice  Cube,   uses  the  ice  of  Antarctica  to   help  observe  tiny  particles   called  neutrinos.   At  all  of  the  research  stations,  scientists  are  monitoring  global   temperatures.  Antarctica  seems  to  be  rapidly  warming  up.  By  watching   the  skies  around  Antarctica,  scientists  can  learn  more  about  climate   change.     A  trip  to  Antarctica  can  be  difficult  and  cold.  For  the  scientists  and   workers  who  have  been  there,  however,  Antarctica  is  an  amazing  place.     Researchers  study  ice  cores  that  they  have   drilled  in  Antarctica.  Studying  these  cores   helps  them  to  learn  about  climate  change.   photo  by  Michael  van  Woert,  NOAA    
  4. 4. Text  by  E.  Kissner   More  informational  texts  by  Emily  Kissner     I  write  low-­‐cost,  high-­‐interest  texts  for  classroom  use.  Here  are  some   other  collections  of  my  work:     Main  Ideas  and  Details  in  Nonfiction  Text     Cause  and  Effect  Texts  for  Teaching  Text  Structure     Description  Texts  for  Teaching  Text  Structure     Compare  and  Contrast  Texts  for  Teaching  Text  Structure     Problem  and  Solution  Texts  for  Teaching  Text  Structure     Chronological  Order  Texts  for  Teaching  Text  Structure     Reading  Intervention       Emily’s  page  on  Frolyc                      

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