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Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof. Antonia Moropoulou - NTUA – National Technical University of Athen...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof.  Antonia Moropoulou – National Technical University of Athens Copy...
Abstract Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof.  Antonia Moropoulou – National Technical University of At...
Content Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof.  Antonia Moropoulou – National Technical University of Ath...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Clean...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>How do we select the right cleaning interv...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>General methodology and application criter...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>Which is the proper sequence of actions fo...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>The above mentioned issues can be investig...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Application of the pilot cleaning interventions on...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum – NAM  The historic...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum – NAM –  Representa...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   National Archaeological Museum – NAM –  Representative areas under Inv...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum, West Façade, South...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Pilot Cleaning Interventions & Assessment 5%  v/v ...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum, West Façade, South...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Biological poultice  19, 24, 30  days Paste of  ΑΒ...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Side surface of anthemia, Presence of micro-crystalline gypsum layer, ...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens The pilot conservation interventions that were app...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens FOM ,  x2 5  SEM Wet micro-blasting method Incompa...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Assessment of Pilot Cleaning Interventions Compati...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Mapping of building materials & presented decay pa...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Classification & Representation of the Monument Pa...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Using the continuous process of GIS platform for: Datasets concerning ...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens RDB RDB Spatial Classification  of Decay. Differen...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens RDB Spatial Classification  of Cleaning Interventi...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>total colour difference ΔE  <  9.56,  </li...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Digital Decay Mapping  using CAD  ( Detail of marb...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Materials Mapping in CAD,  Façade detail, National...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Materials Mapping in GIS,  Façade, National Archae...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens Materials Mapping in GIS,  Façade detail, National...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>material type </li></ul><ul><li>applied cl...
Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage   Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>References  </li></ul><ul><li>Ekaterini T....
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Elaich module 4 topic 4.6 - Criteria and methodology for cleaning - pilot applications and case studies

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ELAICH - Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage.
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Criteria and methodology for cleaning - pilot applications and case studies

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Elaich module 4 topic 4.6 - Criteria and methodology for cleaning - pilot applications and case studies

  1. 1. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof. Antonia Moropoulou - NTUA – National Technical University of Athens The Conservation Process Module 4 Teaching Material Topic 4 . 6 Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning Pilot applications & case studies Advanced Topic Educational Toolkit
  2. 2. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – National Technical University of Athens Copyright ©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2012 This material is an integral part of the “ELAICH – educational toolkit” and developed as part of the project ELAICH – Educational Linkage Approach in Cultural Heritage within the framework of EuroMed Cultural Heritage 4 Programme under grant agreement ENPI 150583. All rights reserved to the ELAICH Beneficiaries.   This material, in its entirety only, may be used in &quot;fair use&quot; only as part of the ELAICH – educational toolkit for the educational purposes by non-profit educational establishments or in self-education, by any means at all times and on any downloads, copies and or, adaptations, clearly indicating “©ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011” and making reference to these terms.   Use of the material amounting to a distortion or mutilation of the material or is otherwise prejudicial to the honor or reputation of ELAICH Beneficiaries 2009-2011 is forbidden.   Use of parts of the material is strictly forbidden. No part of this material may be: (1) used other than intended (2) copied, reproduced or distributed in any physical or electronic form (3) reproduced in any publication of any kind (4) used as part of any other teaching material in any framework; unless prior written permission of the ELAICH Beneficiaries has been obtained. Disclaimer This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the ELAICH Consortium and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.
  3. 3. Abstract Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – National Technical University of Athens This presentation introduces the theme of cleaning, one of the major types of conservation interventions applied on the built heritage. The definition of cleaning and the reasons why cleaning is applied are explained. The general methodology and application criteria of cleaning interventions, along with the ways that we use in order to approach a historic building and apply cleaning are also pointed out. For the better understanding of the theoretical background of cleaning, the case study of National Archaeological Museum is presented. Examples of pilot cleaning application on marble surfaces diagnosed by different and characteristic decay patterns are displayed, whereas representative results of analytical and NDT techniques applied for the assessment of cleaning methods are demonstrated. Finally, the methodological approach for building pathology representation and control, as well as conservation interventions durability control, are indicated through the National Archaeological Museum case study.
  4. 4. Content Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – National Technical University of Athens Table of contents of this presentation 4.6.1 When and why we apply cleaning 4.6.2 Methodology and application criteria of cleaning interventions – How we select the right cleaning method(s) 4.6.3 Proper sequence of actions for the conservation of a historic building 4.6.4 Examples of pilot cleaning interventions application – the case study of National Archaeological Museum 4.6.4.1 How we clean a marble surface presenting a grey-brown crust, 4.6.4.2 How we clean a marble surface presenting a cementitious crust, and 4.6.4.3 How we clean a marble surface presenting a black-grey crust 4.6.5 Assessment of pilot cleaning interventions – presentation of representative results 4.6.6 Mapping of building materials & presented decay patterns – Building Pathology – the case study of National Archaeological Museum 4.6.7 Mapping of cleaning-conservation interventions on different scales - Cost analysis of the suggested conservation interventions – the case study of National Archaeological Museum
  5. 5. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>When and Why do we apply cleaning interventions? </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of Cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>The removal of every substance which is hurtful for the building material: soluble salts, crusts insoluble or not very soluble, stratification of different materials intentionally applied & not stable, animals secretions, developed flora, etc ( Normal document 20/85, ICR - CNR ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning is an irreversible but necessary step of conservation interventions , due to: </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetical reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Physical & physicochemical reasons: removal of depositions, soluble salts, biological decay patterns, decay products & products of surface alteration in general. </li></ul><ul><li>promotion of monument artistic value </li></ul>
  6. 6. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>How do we select the right cleaning interventions? </li></ul><ul><li>General methodology and application criteria of cleaning interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>must not induce direct or indirect deterioration of the architectural surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>must preserve the authentic patina & polychromies </li></ul><ul><li>must not produce hurtful side-products & residues, i.e. soluble salts </li></ul><ul><li>must be a controlled action </li></ul><ul><li>must not remove gypsum layers from statues & sculptured surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>must be applied by an experienced & well-trained personnel </li></ul><ul><li>application of pilot cleaning interventions must occur in-situ, as well as carefully evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore we should investigate : </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical and mineralogical composition of the building materials </li></ul><ul><li>Microstructure of porous materials </li></ul><ul><li>Water absorption and wettability characteristics of the material </li></ul><ul><li>Decay patterns, extent of the deteriorated zone and its coherence </li></ul><ul><li>Type of depositions that need to be removed </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental parameters – origin of depositions and decay products </li></ul><ul><li>Color of the architectural surface </li></ul><ul><li>Surface type (smooth, relief, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Historic and aesthetic value of the structure </li></ul><ul><li>Cost and duration of the cleaning intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic planning and cautious preparation for the application of cleaning interventions </li></ul>Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  7. 7. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>General methodology and application criteria of cleaning interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement should take place among the involved authorities , regarding: </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of the pilot cleaning interventions that should be applied </li></ul><ul><li>Precise determination of the objectives (assessment criteria of cleaning) that should be achieved by cleaning the substrate regarding: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The performance of the cleaning method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The durability of the cleaned surface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The aesthetics of the cleaned surfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The establishment of commonly accepted cleaning assessment criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Final selection of the cleaning interventions that should be applied depending on building material and decay pattern </li></ul><ul><li>During the actual intervention (conservation work on site) the following should be accomplished : </li></ul><ul><li>Functional operation of the work site in order to accomplish the predetermined objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Final assessment of the cleaning interventions based on the common accepted parameters & criteria </li></ul>Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  8. 8. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>Which is the proper sequence of actions for the conservation of a historic building? </li></ul><ul><li>Thorough macroscopic observations and recording of the decay patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of zones - surfaces for the application of the non destructive testing & evaluation (NDT & E) techniques, as well as representative sampling areas for in-lab analytical techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Materials characterization and decay diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Application of pilot cleaning intervention in the pre-selected zones </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of pilot cleaning interventions using NDT & E techniques in situ and analytical techniques in lab after representative sampling </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion of conservation interventions depending on the type of building materials and observed decay patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping of building materials and decay – Building pathology </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping of cleaning/conservation interventions – cost analysis </li></ul>Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  9. 9. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>The above mentioned issues can be investigated utilizing state-of-the-art technology characterization tools. These tools help us to control better the: </li></ul><ul><li>Building pathology, </li></ul><ul><li>Building life cycle, and </li></ul><ul><li>the cost of its life cycle, </li></ul><ul><li>aiming in the protection and preservation of the building through prevention and prognosis </li></ul>Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  10. 10. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Application of the pilot cleaning interventions on preselected representative areas Assessment of the pilot cleaning interventions performance using NDT & E techniques in situ and analytical techniques in lab, after sampling Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  11. 11. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum – NAM The historic building of National Archaeological Museum is located in Athens centre, a city of polluted urban atmosphere. Its construction started in 1866 based on the drawings of the German architect Ludwig Lange, and ended in 1889 under the supervision of another German architect, Ernest Ziller, who made major modifications on the Lange's initial drawings. Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  12. 12. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum – NAM – Representative areas under Investigation West Façade, South orientation, Marble facing on the ground floor West façade, East orientation, Capital Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  13. 13. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage National Archaeological Museum – NAM – Representative areas under Investigation Characterization of building material Pentelic Marble Results of Optical Microscopy Verification of historic bibliographic data Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  14. 14. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum, West Façade, South orientation, Marble facing on the ground floor – decay diagnosis Grey-brown crusts : rich in iron oxides & hydroxides (intense grey-brown and/or orange brown coloring), which many times are suited behind a homogenous and compact layer of alumino-silicates. Gold patina/rusty-yellow patina : diffusion of the marble iron ions from the internal to the external surfaces and oxidation of them ( intense orange-brown coloring ) . FOM - OM, endogenous iron grains which are oxidized on the marble surface, x 50, parallel Nicols FOM - OM, Secondary located iron oxides on marble surface, x 100, parallel Nicols Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  15. 15. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Pilot Cleaning Interventions & Assessment 5% v/v solution of sulfur-glycolic acid neutralized by ammonia (pH=7 .5 ) FOM , incompatible cleaning intervention using a rotary abrading tool - oriented scratches, x2 5 FOM , cleaning intervention using sulfur- glycolic acid, x2 5 Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  16. 16. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens National Archaeological Museum, West Façade, South orientation, Marble facing on the ground floor, decay diagnosis FOM, cementitious crust, x2 5 SEM, cementitious crust <ul><li>Alkalisilicate ( cementitious) crusts : hard layer of hydrated calcium silicates are coating the marble surface , whereas many cavities and fractures are often presented </li></ul>Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  17. 17. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Biological poultice 19, 24, 30 days Paste of ΑΒ57 5+5 min FOM, Biological Poultice, x50 Pilot Cleaning Interventions & Assessment FOM, Paste of ΑΒ57 5+5 min, x50 Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies Ι 2 Ι 1b Ι 1a Ι 1c
  18. 18. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Side surface of anthemia, Presence of micro-crystalline gypsum layer, and black depositions Front surface of anthemia, Presence of micro-crystalline gypsum layer, barite layer, macro-crystalline gypsum layer and black depositions SEM FOM SEM FOM National Archaeological Museum – West façade , East orientation , Capital, anthemia surface - Decay Diagnosis Black-grey or black crusts : Sulphation of calcite and adsorption of black soot particles, H/C, e.t.c. particles of atmospheric origin which act as active catalysts for the transformation of calcite to gypsum. The surfaces of black-grey crusts are rain-water sheltered surfaces. FOM FOM Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  19. 19. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens The pilot conservation interventions that were applied consisted of different cleaning methods like: kke3b : AB57 poultice, Kke1a, Kke1b, Kke3a2, E3b : poultice of ion exchange resin with deionized water, different application times Kke2a, Kke2b, Kke3a1 : poultice of ion exchange resin with 10% w/v (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 solution, different application times EG5 : a wet micro-blasting method of spherical calcium carbonate particles with diameter less than 100μm. Pilot Cleaning Interventions Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies Kke Kke2b Kke3a1 Kke2a Kke3a2 Kke3b Kke1b Kke1a EG5 E3b
  20. 20. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens FOM , x2 5 SEM Wet micro-blasting method Incompatible cleaning intervention : total loss of the micro-crystalline gypsum layer Spherical particle of calcium carbonate Assessment of Pilot Cleaning Interventions Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  21. 21. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Assessment of Pilot Cleaning Interventions Compatible cleaning intervention -application of ion-exchange resin with 10% w/v (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 solution, for 10 min. Preservation of the barite layer (patina) & micro- crystalline gypsum layer SEM FOM, front anthemia surface, x50 FOM, side anthemia surface, x50 Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  22. 22. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Mapping of building materials & presented decay patterns – Building Pathology Mapping of cleaning-conservation interventions - Cost analysis of the suggested conservation interventions Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  23. 23. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Classification & Representation of the Monument Pathology Control of the Monument Life Cycle & the Cost of its Life Cycle Mapping of the cleaning/conservation interventions – Cost analysis of the interventions Characterization of Building Materials & Decay Diagnosis Suggestion of conservation interventions depending on the presented building materials & decay patterns Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  24. 24. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Using the continuous process of GIS platform for: Datasets concerning building pathology & conservation interventions are recorded, correlated, distributed & attributed to space in different working scales during different time periods durability control of building materials Strategic planning of periodical conservation interventions Methodological approach Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  25. 25. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens RDB RDB Spatial Classification of Decay. Different Physical-chemical characteristics & spatial properties Decay thematic map for the capital surface, along with Relational Data Bases (RDBs) for both front & side anthemia surfaces. RDBs are consisting of marble physic al -chemical characteristics before pilot cleaning interventions Working scale: representative area Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  26. 26. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens RDB Spatial Classification of Cleaning Interventions Pilot cleaning interventions’ thematic map for the capital surface, along with the RDB of the front anthemia surface. RDB is consisting of marble physic al -chemical characteristics after pilot cleaning interventions Working scale: representative area Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  27. 27. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>total colour difference ΔE < 9.56, </li></ul><ul><li>micro-crystalline gypsum width ≥ 30, </li></ul><ul><li>roughness ≤ 15, </li></ul><ul><li>fracture density ≤ 26.4 </li></ul>Accepted threshold values of the cleaning assessment criteria GIS analysis using Boolean and logical operations on pilot cleaning interventions thematic map for the capital surface. RDB Spatial entity/conservation intervention that comply with assessment criteria ion exchange resin with 10% w/v (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 solution applied for 10 minutes Working scale: representative area Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  28. 28. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Digital Decay Mapping using CAD ( Detail of marble facing) Photograph of the presented decay patterns on the marble facing of the ground floor, National Archaeological Museum - NAM Working scale: building’s facade Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  29. 29. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Materials Mapping in CAD, Façade detail, National Archaeological Museum <ul><li>Digital materials mapping performed using CAD based on the acquired data by NDT </li></ul><ul><li>and in-lab analytical techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>The historic masonry plaster is depicted by purple color, while the new one is rendered by pink color. </li></ul>Working scale: building’s facade Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  30. 30. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Materials Mapping in GIS, Façade, National Archaeological Museum <ul><li>materials mapping performed using GIS based on the acquired data by NDT and in-lab analytical techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>The area extend of each investigated material was calculated by the means of GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Historic plaster area was 248.56m 2 , whereas new plaster area was 13.63m 2 </li></ul>Working scale: building’s facade Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  31. 31. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens Materials Mapping in GIS, Façade detail, National Archaeological Museum <ul><li>Digital decay mapping performed using GIS based on the acquired data by NDT and in-lab analytical techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown color depicts areas of coating total detachment and intense fracturing total area on west façade: 25.56m 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Blue color represents the areas of coating loose interface to the substrate total area on west façade: 219.72m 2 </li></ul>Working scale: building’s facade Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  32. 32. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>material type </li></ul><ul><li>applied cleaning method </li></ul><ul><li>application details </li></ul><ul><li>application area </li></ul><ul><li>cost </li></ul>Façade detail - National Archaeological Museum Working scale: building’s facade Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies
  33. 33. Educational Linkage Approach In Cultural Heritage Acropolis of Athens <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Ekaterini T. Delegou, Antonia Moropoulou, “Evaluation, Criteria & Decision Making on Cleaning Interventions of Marble Surfaces”, 11th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, eds. J.W. Lukaszewicz, P. Niemcewicz, September 2008, Torun Poland, Vol. II, pp. 1179-1188. </li></ul><ul><li>E. T. Delegou, E. Sandri, J. Marakakis, J. Sayas, A. Moropoulou, “From building pathology to durability via GIS”, 12th International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, Porto Portugal, 2011, Vol. IV, pp. 2185-2192. </li></ul><ul><li>E. T. Delegou, N. P. Avdelidis, E. Karaviti, A. Moropoulou, “NDT&E techniques and SEM-EDS for the assessment of cleaning interventions on pentelic marble surfaces” J. X-Ray Spectrometry, 2008; 37:435-443. </li></ul><ul><li>Moropoulou A., E.T. Delegou, N.P. Avdelidis, A. Athanasiadou, “Integrated diagnostics using advanced in situ measuring technology”, 10th International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, Lyon (2005), Proceedings in CD-Rom. </li></ul><ul><li>Moropoulou A., E.T. Delegou, J. Giannelos, M. Geraveli, K. Tsigkakou, “Data bases for the assessment diagnosis and maintenance of buildings facades”, 10th International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, Lyon (2005), Proceedings in CD-Rom </li></ul><ul><li>Decay Diagnosis and Conservation Interventions Planning for the facades of the National Library of Greece Historic Building. Lab of Materials Science and Engineering, Final Research Working Paper, National Technical University of Athens, December, 2000, Scientific Responsible: Prof. A. Moropoulou. </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation Interventions Planning for the main façade of the National Archaeological Museum. Lab of Materials Science and Engineering, Final Research Working Paper, National Technical University of Athens, August, 2002, Scientific Responsible: Prof. A. Moropoulou. </li></ul>Prof. Antonia Moropoulou – Topic 4.6: Criteria & Methodology for Cleaning - Pilot applications & case studies

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