PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Communitarianism, Liberalism

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PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Communitarianism, Liberalism

  1. 1. Communitarianism Liberalism (Biomedical Ethics) Charles Lohman
  2. 2. Communitarianism <ul><li>COMMUNITARIANISM focuses on the responsibility of the individual to the community and the social importance of the community as whole. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In other words, people are individual members of communities with shared values, ideals, and goals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So individual ideas of the good cannot be separated from the community as a whole. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So what is good for the individual is a reflection of the common good of the community as a whole. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So questions about right or wrong of actions/policies should always be raised for the betterment of the community as a whole. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Liberalism <ul><li>LIBERALISM focuses on the rights, interests, and reasoning of individual moral agents. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In other words, LIBERALISM claims that people should have the right to act and live in accord with their own conception of a good life as long as it does not interfere with the rights of others to do the same. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Liberalism and Communitarianism Differs in Two Ways <ul><li>LIBERALISM differs from COMMUNITARIANISM as a NORMATIVE THEORY in two main ways. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.) LIBERALISM claims there should not be one conception of the good or one overarching moral value that all individuals live by and share. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.) LIBERALISM claims that the rights and interests of individuals should not be sacrificed for the interests of the larger society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why? Because different individuals have different values and different conceptions of what constitutes a good life. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So LIBERALISM states it would be wrong to try to adopt a particular conception of the good for everyone. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So society should remain neutral on these normative issues based on individuals alone. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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