PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Virtue Ethics, Feminist Ethics

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PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Virtue Ethics, Feminist Ethics

  1. 1. Virtue Ethics Feminist Ethics (Biomedical Ethics) Charles Lohman
  2. 2. Virtue Ethics <ul><li>VIRTUE ETHICS is agent based, describing the character of a moral agent as the driving force for an ethical behavior. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In other words, VIRTUE ETHICS is concerned with a person’s motivation for action and not with the action itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example, if one performs a compassionate act, it is because one has a compassionate character in order to act in a compassionate way. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For the virtuous person, they believe it is intrinsically good to be compassionate, and the person’s actions reflect this belief. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Feminist Ethics <ul><li>FEMINIST ETHICS is concerned for the rights and welfare of all women. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It affirms the general rights of women to have control of their own bodies and lives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now, FEMINIST ETHICS is not pro-women in the sense that it excludes men. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rather it involves a model of care and respect that incorporates both women and men in order to redress the balance of power between women and men and put them on equal terms. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Feminist Ethics <ul><li>This effort of equality is a matter of brining justice to a patriarchal society and institution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, in the past, women were underrepresented in the clinical trails for heart disease, which resulted in an ignorance of the commonness of the disease in postmenopausal women. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So with these kind of inequalities, FEMINIST ETHICS emerged to provide a correction of wrongs to women in order for women to have equality with men in medical research and in the medical field in general. </li></ul></ul></ul>

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