HLTH 200: Human Sexuality Chapter 10


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HLTH 200: Human Sexuality Chapter 10

  1. 1. Human Sexuality Chapter 10
  2. 2. The Development of Biological Sex <ul><li>Klinefleter syndrome – a male genetic condition characterized by a rounded body type, lack of facial hair, breast enlargement in puberty, and smaller than normal testicles (pp. 371-372) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These males have an XXY chromosome configuration rather than the XY chromosome pairing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not all XXY males will develop the characteristics of Klineflecter syndrome </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtually all the symptoms are treatable to various degrees and can live normal, relatively healthy lives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Turner syndrome - a female genetic condition characterized by short stature, slow or no sexual development at puberty, heart abnormalities, and lack of ovarian function (p. 372) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause by a lack of or damage to one of the pair of X chromosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Androgen insensitivity syndrome (p. 373) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CAIS – A hormonal condition that results in babies who are genetically male but possess completely normal-appearing female external genitals and internal testicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAIS – a variation of CIAS, which is a hormonal condition in which the fetus has a reduced reaction to androgens in the uterus, producing a baby with genitals that are not clearly male of female </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intersex – born with sexual anatomy that is neither completely male nor completely female but rather a combination with features of both (pp. 373-374) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Development of Gender Identity <ul><li>Your genetic, biological sex was determined at conception, but your gender and gender identity developed during the months and years after conception (pp. 374-381) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialization - influences and molds the behavior of its members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Socialization affects our development of gender identity and gender behavior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example of the influences: parents, peers, teachers, the media </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Transgenderism <ul><li>Transgendered – individuals whose gender identity is in conflict with their biological sex (pp. 381-384) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender identity disorder – a strong crossgender identification characterized by the desire to be the other sex, combined with persistent discomfort about one’s biological sex or culturally prescribed gender role </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender dysphoria – stress or discomfort stemming from the self-knowledge that one’s biological sex does not conform to, or is the opposite of, his or her personal gender identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transsexual – a transgender person who has transitioned or is transitioning from his or her biological sex to his or her self-identified gender through actions, dress, hormone therapy, or surgery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex reassignment surgery (sex change operation) – surgical procedures used to transform an individual from one sex to the other </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Gender Roles/Stereotypes Gender Revisited, and Androgyny <ul><li>Gender roles and stereotypes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>READ: p. 385-394 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gender revisited (pp. 394-395) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature argument: contends that gender differences are rooted in our biology and are passed down to us through evolution and our genetic heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurture argument: downplays biological and genetic influences and focuses on sociocultural factors as responsible for producing gender differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Androgynous – exhibiting both masculine and feminine traits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on this view, if you were to complete a test measuring your gender, your score would place you more masculine or more feminine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two-dimensional model of gender – an approach to defining gender suggesting that gender is not an either-or proposition but that people may manifest elements of both genders simultaneously </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A person can rate high on both masculinity and femininity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>