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You Tube Project Highlights

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You Tube Project Highlights

  1. 1. YouTube Project Highlights
  2. 2. Important from Yesterday… <ul><li>Colonies controlled by Governor </li></ul><ul><li>-Who were the governors? </li></ul><ul><li>English Trade </li></ul><ul><li>-mercantilism </li></ul><ul><li>-Navigation Act: colonies could not trade with any other country: sugar and cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Must use English ships. </li></ul><ul><li>--Good for Colonies? </li></ul><ul><li>Steady market or being restricted? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Great Britain Raises Taxes <ul><li>French/Indian war over, but GB still had to pay for it. </li></ul><ul><li>GB wanted a standing army in America </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar Act: colonists taxes on molasses and sugar being brought from GB </li></ul><ul><li>--First Act that was passed to raises money in colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Effect—Justified? Or not? </li></ul><ul><li>Brought people to care about politics… </li></ul>
  4. 4. Great Britain raises taxes cont. <ul><li>Taxation without representation: </li></ul><ul><li>James Otis, Samuel Adams </li></ul><ul><li>-GB had no right to tax colonies without their consent. </li></ul><ul><li>--colonies had no representation in parliament </li></ul><ul><li>“Committees of Correspondence” </li></ul><ul><li>---get in touch with other colonies, raise awareness. </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott British Goods: Goal—hurt GB economy </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stamp Act <ul><li>Stamp Act of 1765: required colonists to pay for an official stamp when they bought paper items (licenses, newspapers, pamphlets, playing cards…) Effects? </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists ANGRY: first attempt to tax colonists directly. </li></ul><ul><li>Sons of Liberty: group formed to protest </li></ul><ul><li>--Used violence against tax collectors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stamp Act cont. <ul><li>Patrick Henry: “stamp act violated rights” </li></ul><ul><li>Repealing Stamp Act: </li></ul><ul><li>“Stamp Act Congress”: issued statement that Stamp act violated rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott working </li></ul><ul><li>GB ends Stamp Act, GB gets very ANGRY </li></ul><ul><li>**Declaratory Act** The ultimate Act. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Townshend Acts <ul><li>1767: Placed taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. </li></ul><ul><li>Enforced Act: “Writs of Assistance” </li></ul><ul><li>-allow tax collectors to search for smuggled goods. No suspicion needed. </li></ul><ul><li>ANGERED Coloniests, boycott again. </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Tax collectors seized ship “Liberty” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Townshend Acts Cont. <ul><li>Tax collectors seized ship “ Liberty ” </li></ul><ul><li>Angered ship owner and Sons of Liberty. </li></ul><ul><li>Response: attacked house of customs </li></ul><ul><li>Governor called in troops into Boston: 1768 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Boston Massacre <ul><li>Presence of Troops </li></ul><ul><li>Troops and colonists hated each other. </li></ul><ul><li>(fighting, name calling, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>March 5, 1770: Tensions explode. </li></ul><ul><li>GB soldier and colonist start argueing. </li></ul><ul><li>GB soldier hits colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>Crowd gathers “fight! Fight!” throws stuff at GB guy </li></ul><ul><li>More troops arrive </li></ul>
  10. 10. Boston Massacre cont. <ul><li>5. Crowd gets bigger and angrier </li></ul><ul><li>6. Crowd “Shoot if you dare!” </li></ul><ul><li>7. GB troops start shooting into the crowd. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Troops kill 3 men. </li></ul><ul><li>--Story spreads quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>--Paul Revere Painting </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers charged with murder, acquitted. </li></ul><ul><li>(John Adams) </li></ul>
  11. 12. Boston Tea Party <ul><li>GB ends all Townshend Acts except tax on Tea. Demand high on Tea. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists smuggle most of it, GB not making money. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: British East India Co. </li></ul><ul><li>Sell directly to colonists at low price </li></ul><ul><li>Cheaper tea, less smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Less smuggling, more tax for GB </li></ul>
  12. 13. Boston Tea Party cont. <ul><li>Colonial Merchants did not like this-feared it would put them out of business. </li></ul><ul><li>3 ships loaded with Tea in Boston Harbor (1773) </li></ul><ul><li>--Sons of Liberty tells the ships to leave, ships refuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Dec. 16, 1773: colonists disguised as Indians dump 340 chests of Tea into Boston Harbor. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Coercive Acts/Intolerable Acts <ul><li>Boston punished after Tea Party </li></ul><ul><li>1774: Coercive Act passed. Colonists called it the Intolerable Acts. </li></ul><ul><li>Boston harbor closed until ruined tea paid for. </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts's local government canceled. </li></ul><ul><li>Royal officials accused of crimes sent to GB for trial. (friendly jury, innocent) </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists required colonists to house British soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Gave a large amount of land to Quebec </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Gage became new governor of Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Colonists get angrier… </li></ul>

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