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The Southern Colonies


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The Southern Colonies

  1. 1. The Southern Colonies
  2. 2. 1605 <ul><li>Company of English merchants asked King James I for right to establish settlements in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>1606: Granted. </li></ul><ul><li>Name of Settlement : JAMESTOWN </li></ul>
  3. 3. London Company <ul><li>Joint Stock Company </li></ul><ul><li>Group shares the: </li></ul><ul><li>Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul>
  4. 4. April 26 th , 1607 <ul><li>105 colonists arrive in America </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown: first permanent English settlement in North America </li></ul><ul><li>Does NOT begin well…. </li></ul>
  5. 5. NOT Prepared <ul><li>Men were adventures, NOT farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Preparation cost many lives </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown surrounded by marshes: -area infested with disease carrying mosquitoes (malaria) </li></ul><ul><li>Winter arrives: 2/3 of the people dead. (70 people dead out of 105) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Powhatan Confederacy <ul><li>John Smith takes control of Jamestown and things improve (1608): </li></ul><ul><li>Built a fort </li></ul><ul><li>Forced settlers to work harder </li></ul><ul><li>Built better homes </li></ul><ul><li>Created rules for more food if perform well </li></ul>
  7. 7. Smith Makes deal with Powhatan <ul><li>The Deal: the Powhatan agrees to bring food to the colonists and teach them how to grow corn. (big plus) </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Starving Time <ul><li>1609: 400 more colonists arrive at Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>Winter: disease and famine hit once again. </li></ul><ul><li>1610: 60 people remained </li></ul>
  9. 9. John Rohlf Enters the Scene <ul><li>Before Rohlf, no profit being made by Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>Rohlf introduces Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Sold very well in England </li></ul><ul><li>Very valuable, help earn money </li></ul><ul><li>PROFIT </li></ul>
  10. 10. War In Virginia <ul><li>Rohlf marries Pocahontas: helped to create a peaceful relation with the Powhatan </li></ul><ul><li>Pocahontas dies in London with Rohlf </li></ul><ul><li>War breaks out in Virginia between the Powhatan and Jamestown. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last 20 years. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Daily Life in Virginia <ul><li>Tobacco plantations: produce tobacco which is very valuable. Used as money. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Headright System <ul><li>Colonists pay their own way to Virginia: </li></ul><ul><li>--they receive 50 acres of land for free </li></ul><ul><li>2. For each additional person brought to Jamestown: another 50 acres of land per person. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge Incentive for bringing over more people </li></ul><ul><li>People are getting massive amounts of land, huge plantations. NEED workers! </li></ul><ul><li>The effects…….. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Effects of the Headright system: <ul><li>Rich people get A LOT of land </li></ul><ul><li>Rich people do NOT want to do the work </li></ul><ul><li>Rich people need a labor force: **indentured servitude** </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured Servant: work without pay for the person who paid for your trip to America. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Labor Shortage=Slavery Expands <ul><li>High death rates due to disease </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured servants finish their seven years and not willing to work for someone. </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for workers greater than people willing to work. </li></ul><ul><li>RESULT: Slavery (1619) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Summary <ul><li>Things making it tough on the Jamestown settlement: </li></ul><ul><li>adventurers, not farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Famine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marshy area: malaria </li></ul><ul><li>War with Powhatan (after Pocahontas dies) </li></ul><ul><li>Headright system: indentured servants and slavery </li></ul>