Liberty Brew Ladder <ul><li>British Actions lead to  .  .  . </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Response!!! </li></ul>
Writs of Assistance  <ul><li>Legal Document which allowed British naval officers to inspect colonial ship (to check for sm...
Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>British barred the settlement of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
 
Sugar Act, 1764 <ul><li>Tax on molasses and sugar </li></ul><ul><li>British actually lowered the tax, but it was enforced ...
Stamp Act, 1765 <ul><li>Required revenue stamps to be put on all publications and legal documents (newspapers, wills, marr...
 
 
Declaratory Act, 1766 <ul><li>Claimed the British could make laws and raise taxes whenever they wanted </li></ul><ul><li>R...
Quartering Act, 1765 <ul><li>Required the colonist to quarter (only feed) British troops in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Rea...
Townshend Act, 1767 <ul><li>Tax on tea, glass, lead, paper, and silk </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed writs of assistance </li></...
Boston Massacre, 1770 <ul><li>March 5, 1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Snowballs and rocks thrown at British soldiers </li></ul><ul...
Boston Massacre cont’d <ul><li>Sam Adams publicizes it with propaganda (using the press to prove or exaggerate a point of ...
                                                                                                  
Reaction to Boston Massacre <ul><li>Colonists Propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>British respond by repealing the most of the To...
Tea Act, 1773 <ul><li>Removed taxes paid by the British East India Company (had 15 million pounds of extra tea) </li></ul>...
Colonial Response:  Boston Tea Party <ul><li>December 16, 1773:  60 members of the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Na...
 
Intolerable Acts, 1774 <ul><li>Britain: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closes the port of Boston </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
First Continental Congress
Continental Congress, 1774 <ul><li>Responded to Intolerable Acts by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forming an association to boyco...
First Continental Congress <ul><li>-September 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>-56 delegates from 12 colonies (Georgia didn’t show) ...
1 st  Continental Congress cont’d <ul><li>-Declaration of Rights and Grivances-denying Britain because their rights as Eng...
Massachusetts Prepares <ul><li>-Minutemen-colonist ready to fight at a moment’s notice-preparing for war </li></ul><ul><li...
British Moves Toward Concord <ul><li>-General Thomas Gage sent 700 troops to Concord, Mass.  where the minutemen had stock...
“ The British Are Coming” (thanks Paul) <ul><li>-the midnight ride of Paul Revere </li></ul><ul><li>-April 18, 1775 </li><...
Lexington and Concord <ul><li>-70 minutemen meet the British at  Lexington, a town near Concord </li></ul><ul><li>-no one ...
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Liberty brew ladder

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Liberty brew ladder

  1. 1. Liberty Brew Ladder <ul><li>British Actions lead to . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Response!!! </li></ul>
  2. 2. Writs of Assistance <ul><li>Legal Document which allowed British naval officers to inspect colonial ship (to check for smuggled goods). The British did not need to have any reason at all to search. </li></ul><ul><li>Response: They said Writs violated their rights as British citizens </li></ul>
  3. 3. Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>British barred the settlement of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Response : </li></ul><ul><li>Prevented some from moving west, others moved West anyway </li></ul>
  4. 5. Sugar Act, 1764 <ul><li>Tax on molasses and sugar </li></ul><ul><li>British actually lowered the tax, but it was enforced for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>Smugglers tried without juries </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Reaction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxation without representation is wrong! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial without juries is wrong! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Stamp Act, 1765 <ul><li>Required revenue stamps to be put on all publications and legal documents (newspapers, wills, marriage papers, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Response </li></ul><ul><li>Organized Stamp Act Congress:fought the tax, Sons of liberty: they boycotted British goods </li></ul>
  6. 9. Declaratory Act, 1766 <ul><li>Claimed the British could make laws and raise taxes whenever they wanted </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction: Not much. Stamp Act was repealed, so they overlooked this act </li></ul>
  7. 10. Quartering Act, 1765 <ul><li>Required the colonist to quarter (only feed) British troops in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction: New Yorkers refused, Bostonians grew more upset </li></ul>
  8. 11. Townshend Act, 1767 <ul><li>Tax on tea, glass, lead, paper, and silk </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed writs of assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction : Colonists signed non-importation agreements-stop importing goods taxed by Townshend Acts. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Boston Massacre, 1770 <ul><li>March 5, 1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Snowballs and rocks thrown at British soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown person shouted “Fire” </li></ul><ul><li>5 colonists were killed </li></ul><ul><li>Crispus Attucks, former slave, first to die for liberty </li></ul>
  10. 13. Boston Massacre cont’d <ul><li>Sam Adams publicizes it with propaganda (using the press to prove or exaggerate a point of view)-calls it a massacre of innocent victims </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Revere prints an engraving showing unarmed men and women being fired upon </li></ul><ul><li>John Adams, a lawyer, defends the British troops </li></ul>
  11. 14.                                                                                                   
  12. 15. Reaction to Boston Massacre <ul><li>Colonists Propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>British respond by repealing the most of the Townshend Acts, but left the tax on tea. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Tea Act, 1773 <ul><li>Removed taxes paid by the British East India Company (had 15 million pounds of extra tea) </li></ul><ul><li>Let BEIC sell directly to colonist without paying taxes-cut out the colonial merchant middleman </li></ul>
  14. 17. Colonial Response: Boston Tea Party <ul><li>December 16, 1773: 60 members of the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Native Americans and threw 342 chests of tea overboard on three different ships </li></ul>
  15. 19. Intolerable Acts, 1774 <ul><li>Britain: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closes the port of Boston </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Town meetings could only be held once a year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>British officials committing crimes in the colonies would be tried in Great Britain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stronger Quartering Act </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 20. First Continental Congress
  17. 21. Continental Congress, 1774 <ul><li>Responded to Intolerable Acts by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forming an association to boycott British trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declared Intolerable Acts unconstitutional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed their liberties as Englishmen had been violated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urged each colony to form a militia (an army of citizens) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. First Continental Congress <ul><li>-September 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>-56 delegates from 12 colonies (Georgia didn’t show) </li></ul><ul><li>-divided opinion over what to do </li></ul><ul><li>-agreed to boycott British goods and stop exports to England until Acts were repealed </li></ul><ul><li>-urged Mass. to set up their own gov. and collect its own taxes </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  19. 23. 1 st Continental Congress cont’d <ul><li>-Declaration of Rights and Grivances-denying Britain because their rights as Englishmen had been violated </li></ul><ul><li>-colonies set up militias (armies of citizens) </li></ul><ul><li>-resolved to meet again if demands weren’t met </li></ul>
  20. 24. Massachusetts Prepares <ul><li>-Minutemen-colonist ready to fight at a moment’s notice-preparing for war </li></ul><ul><li>-patriots (those loyal to the colonies)-start building up ammunition and guns </li></ul>
  21. 25. British Moves Toward Concord <ul><li>-General Thomas Gage sent 700 troops to Concord, Mass. where the minutemen had stockpiled their weapons </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  22. 26. “ The British Are Coming” (thanks Paul) <ul><li>-the midnight ride of Paul Revere </li></ul><ul><li>-April 18, 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>-warned the militia that the British were coming by the Charles River </li></ul>
  23. 27. Lexington and Concord <ul><li>-70 minutemen meet the British at Lexington, a town near Concord </li></ul><ul><li>-no one knows who fired “the shot heard round the world” </li></ul><ul><li>-found no guns at Concord </li></ul><ul><li>-British lose 73, 200 wounded </li></ul>

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