The revolution begins

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The beginning of the American Revolution.

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The revolution begins

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Section III The Colonies Organize Resistance to Britain
  2. 2. Citizens form Secret Societies <ul><li>Daughters of Liberty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged people not to drink English Tea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spun homemade cloth instead of buying English Cloth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sons of Liberty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made sure no tax stamps were distributed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Stamp Act is Repealed <ul><li>August of 1765 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mob in Boston burn the records of the admiralty court and invade the house of a stamp agent. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonimportation - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boycott on British Goods by major American sea ports (Boston, New York, Philadelphia) until Stamp Act is repealed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Act Repealed in 1766 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Declaratory Act <ul><li>Passed the same day the Stamp Act is repealed </li></ul><ul><li>Asserted Parliament’s full right to make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament also renewed the Quartering Act </li></ul>
  5. 5. Townshend Acts <ul><li>Indirect internal taxes on manufactured goods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glass, lead, paints, paper, tea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conflicted with the mercantilist system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted colonists to manufacture their own goods </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Townshend Acts <ul><li>More jurisdiction for admiralty courts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Board of Customs Commissioners stationed in Boston </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paid through fines. Encouraged officers to convict! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>American Response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax burden fell on the merchants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Son’s of liberty encourage boycott of English goods. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Tension Grows in Massachusetts <ul><li>Samuel Adams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called upon other colonies to unite for a common defense. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain orders the dissolve of the Massachusetts assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor sends all members home </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Yet more Tension <ul><li>Custom’s officers seize ships in Boston </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seize a ship belonging to John Hancock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People assemble outside the officer’s home. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commissioners send letter to Britain asking for troops to protect them. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Boston “Massacre” <ul><li>Friction between colonials and British Troops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition for jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 5, 1770 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fistfight breaks out over labor issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mob forms outside a customshouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mob taunts the soldiers outside </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shots are fired, and 5 men are killed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Lord North Calms things Down <ul><li>Lord Frederick North replaces Townshend as colonial minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeal of Townshend Acts (Except Tea) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quartering Act expires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nonimportation ends </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business Increases </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Gaspee Incident <ul><li>Gaspee- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British schooner that checked colonial vessels for smuggled goods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harassed colonials in port towns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ran aground and was boarded and burnt to the waterline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain sends commission to sentence those involved with the Incident. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Committee of Correspondence <ul><li>Assemblies of Massachusetts and Virginia join to communicate with other colonies about threats to American Liberties. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Boston Tea Party <ul><li>North gives East India Company a monopoly on tea in the colonies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper tea for the colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonials can not trade tea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colonists are outraged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1773, colonists dress up as Indians and destroy 15,000 lbs of tea </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Intolerable Acts <ul><li>Port of Boston closed until East India Company is paid for its loses. </li></ul><ul><li>Royal officers are to be tried in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts assembly now chosen by the Crown. </li></ul><ul><li>New Quartering Act </li></ul><ul><li>General Thomas Gage is appointed governor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Martial Law </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. First Continental Congress <ul><li>Held in Philadelphia in September 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>Had to decide what to do to defend against tyranny. </li></ul><ul><li>Suffolk Resolves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denounced the Intolerable Acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urged the formation of militias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspend Trade with British Empire </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. First Bloodshed <ul><li>Minutemen- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special units of militia prepared to assemble at a “minutes” notice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began to stockpile arms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April 14 th , 1775 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Gage receives a letter ordering him to attack the militia </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. Lexington and Concord <ul><li>Gage brings 700 men across the Charles River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ride of Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Sam Prescott </li></ul></ul><ul><li>70 minutemen are lined up on village green </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Shot heard around the world” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 colonials killed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 21. Lexington and Concord <ul><li>British advance on Concord </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive off a small group of minutemen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to find Arms Store </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minutemen attack British along the roads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire from behind trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British forces take heavy losses </li></ul></ul>

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