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Transitions Towards Smart Sustainable
Cities
Project examples, ICT, Stakeholders, Climate Action
Guest lecture in AAR4821 – Sustainable Facilities
Management
Dirk Ahlers
Smart Sustainable Cities Group, Department of
Architecture and Planning, NTNU
https://www.ntnu.edu/employees/dirk.ahlers
https://www.ntnu.edu/smartcities
2
What is a Smart City?
• Technology?
• ICT?
• Data?
• Smarter Planning?
• Smarter Operation?
• Smarter Organization?
• Smarter People?
3
UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development
[http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/
http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/goal-11-
sustainable-cities-and-communities.html]
4
Background
5
Smart City Evolution
City Evolution, City Systems Evolution
Technological
constraints
and
opportunities
City needs
and strategy
External and
internal
constraints,
options,
changes
[adapted from ITU-T, Setting the framework for an ICT architecture of a smart sustainable city (SSC-0345), 2015]
System & Architecture
Evolution and
Adaptation,
Development and
Maintenance
Urban Renewal, City
Development, City
Redevelopment, Urban
Innovation
Smart City Co-Evolution
City ICT
6
Smart City Stakeholders, context,
partnerships
Smart City
Company
1
Real
Estate
Company
4
Company
...
Academia
Municipality
National
Actors
City
networks
European
Actors
Company
3
Citizens
Technological solutions do
not operate in a vacuum. Civil
Society
7
Quadruple Helix Innovation Model
• Method used in Innovation,
Urban Planning/Development,
Citizen engagement
• Co-Creation and Open
Innovation
• Involvement and collaboration
of relevant actors
• Structural changes beyond
any one segment
• Smart city means involvement
of all stakeholders in urban
innovation, knowledge
sharing, collaboration
Participatory
Innovation
Industry
Academia
Civil Society
Government
[EU Digital Single Market: Open Innovation2.0 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/open-innovation-20]
8
Connection
9
Facility Management & ICT
• Sustainability
• ‘Green’ buildings
• Climate mitigation and
adaptation
• (Urban Planning)
ICT &
Technology
Facility
Management &
Real Estate
Development
• ICT as an enabler
• Strategy & Smartness &
Data
• Urban (big) data
• Integration into urban
networks
• Data-driven society
10
Scales of study
Smart
Home
Smart
Building
Smart
Campus
Smart
Neighbor-
hood
Smart City
Smart
Nation
Building
Systems
Building
Integration,
Cohesion
Infrastructure,
Networks,
Community
City Systems,
Distribution,
Organization,
Politics,
Citizens
Large-scale
integration of
everything,
government,
???
Private
systems
11
[http://trondheim2030.no/2015/11/09/ny-tredimensjonal-modell-av-trondheim-gjor-det-
enklere-a-planlegge-framtidas-by/]
12
Building Lifecycle
Planning &
Design
Construction Operation Teardown
• Here: focus on planning, maintenance and operations
• Use, operation, maintenance, repair, cleaning, logistics,
modernisation, adaptation, transformation
13
Examples
14
What we do
• Smart City development and research projects
• Interdisciplinary, spanning multiple departments and faculties
• Labs, workshops, equipment, testbeds, networks, living labs
• Support for projects, prototyping, students, theses, …
• Work in the context of
– Smart Cities
– Urban Computing
– Mobility Analysis
– Smart Mobility
– Visual Analytics
– Campus Analytics
15
Examples
• +CityxChange – Smart Cities & Communities Lighthouse project
• Campus mobility
• Outdoor/indoor air quality
• Smart Hospitals (EBIM), logistics and optimization
• ZEB
• ZEN
• Smart Grids, Smart Metering, Smart Charging, energy use
• Internet of Things/Everything
• Big Data and Machine Learning
• Smart Parking, MaaS, smart transport planning, green transportation
• Water, waste, utilities, building stock measurements
16
Example: Campus Guide: MazeMap
• Startup out of a Common project between Trådløse
Trondheim A/S, Information department NTNU,
Studieavdelingen, NTNU IT, NTNU Videre and IME NTNU
• Cisco WLAN-positioning on Campus and in the City
[http://mazemap.com/]
17
“Campus Analytics”
• Range of applications on WiFi network
– WLAN indoor coverage on campus
• ‘Campus Analytics’
– Mobility data with high spatial and temporal
resolution
– Passive location sensing
– Device positions as proxy for people’s
locations
– Abstraction and processing layers
• Data cleaning/preprocessing
• Movement Extraction
• Building-graph extraction
• Visualization
[Visualizing a City Within a City — Mapping Mobility Within a University Campus. Dirk Ahlers, Kristoffer Aulie,
Jeppe Eriksen, and John Krogstie. Conference on Big Data and Analytics for Smart Cities. 2016.]
18
Estimates are useful
[A mobile service using anonymous location-based data: finding reading rooms. Shang Gao, John Krogstie,
Trond Thingstad, Hoang Tran. International Journal of Information and Learning Technology, 32(1). 2015.]
19
Applications
• Awareness and planning
support of building use
• Real-time availability of
rooms and facilities
• Connection to larger
mobility
• Bottlenecks
• Sustainable campus
• Scaling out
• Applications
• Sort of lab: Self-contained
campus is functionally
closed
20
CTT – Carbon Track and Trace: IoT emission sensor network
https://www.ntnu.edu/ad/ctt
21
22
Example: smart hospital
[Johan van der Zwart, Healthcare architecture research]
Limerick · Trondheim · Alba Iulia · Písek · Sestao · Smolyan · Võru
+CityxChange
SCC1 Lighthouse Project for the
Development of Positive Energy Blocks
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824260.
http://cityxchange.eu/
City-Driven System Transition to
Positive Energy Blocks & Districts
26
Enterprise Architecture – Making sense of
distributed systems and ecosystems
Powerhouse Brattøra
Trondheim
[www.powerhouse.no]
Gardens International,
Limerick
[www.limerick.ie]
Calle Txabarri, Sestao
[www.sestaoberri.eus]
Lysgården, Sluppen,
Trondheim
[www.lysgarden.no]
Starting from hubs: Anchor buildings
Structure for urban
innovation spaces
• Activate the innovation potential &
innovation ecosystem of a city
• City as a living lab
• Innovation Playgrounds
• Innovation Labs & Citizen
Observatories
• Physical & virtual
• City & Areas & Labs
Example: Trondheim
Real estate ownership & Partnerships
Example: Trondheim Example: Limerick
Citizen Participation Processes –
Include broader knowledge
Bold City Vision Framework
City Strategy Transitions
[D3.1 Framework for Bold City Vision, Guidelines, and Incentive Schemes,
https://cityxchange.eu/knowledge-base/framework-for-bold-city-vision-guidelines-and-incentive-
schemes/ ]
32
What next?
33
Known problem. Time is running out.
We need radical fast change from business as
usual!
[IPCC Report, Climate Change 2021, Summary for Policymakers, IPCC AR6 WGI, https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/ ]
[https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/]
34
How it can be solved is clear; the difficulty is to persuade
the human race to acquiesce in its own survival.
I cannot believe that this task is impossible.
Bertrand Russell: "The Atomic Bomb and the Prevention of War", Bulletin of
the Atomic Scientists, October 1946.
35
Action? Action!
Societal
Action
Individual
Action
Systemic
Action
36
Covid-19 brings a new focus on livability
Eden, Janine and Jim from New York City, Street Seating (50076249568), CC BY 2.0
Fabian Deter, Pop-up Radweg auf dem Kottbusser Damm in Berlin, CC BY-SA 4.0
37
Takeaways
• Smart City is a multi-stakeholder transition process
• Make cities more livable, sustainable, understandable
• ICT is one (part of the) solution
• Address the climate crisis, make radical change
• “Do cool stuff that matters”
Smart Cities,
Sustainability,
Climate Action
38
Q&A
Contact
Dirk Ahlers
search://Dirk Ahlers
@dirkahlers
dirk.ahlers@ntnu.no
https://www.ntnu.edu/smartcities
https://www.ntnu.edu/employees/dirk.ahlers
+CityxChange
Twitter: @plusCities
Web: cityxchange.eu
KB: cityxchange.eu/knowledge-base/

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Transitions Towards Smart Sustainable Cities. Project examples, ICT, Stakeholders, Climate Action

  • 1. Transitions Towards Smart Sustainable Cities Project examples, ICT, Stakeholders, Climate Action Guest lecture in AAR4821 – Sustainable Facilities Management Dirk Ahlers Smart Sustainable Cities Group, Department of Architecture and Planning, NTNU https://www.ntnu.edu/employees/dirk.ahlers https://www.ntnu.edu/smartcities
  • 2. 2 What is a Smart City? • Technology? • ICT? • Data? • Smarter Planning? • Smarter Operation? • Smarter Organization? • Smarter People?
  • 3. 3 UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development [http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/ http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/goal-11- sustainable-cities-and-communities.html]
  • 5. 5 Smart City Evolution City Evolution, City Systems Evolution Technological constraints and opportunities City needs and strategy External and internal constraints, options, changes [adapted from ITU-T, Setting the framework for an ICT architecture of a smart sustainable city (SSC-0345), 2015] System & Architecture Evolution and Adaptation, Development and Maintenance Urban Renewal, City Development, City Redevelopment, Urban Innovation Smart City Co-Evolution City ICT
  • 6. 6 Smart City Stakeholders, context, partnerships Smart City Company 1 Real Estate Company 4 Company ... Academia Municipality National Actors City networks European Actors Company 3 Citizens Technological solutions do not operate in a vacuum. Civil Society
  • 7. 7 Quadruple Helix Innovation Model • Method used in Innovation, Urban Planning/Development, Citizen engagement • Co-Creation and Open Innovation • Involvement and collaboration of relevant actors • Structural changes beyond any one segment • Smart city means involvement of all stakeholders in urban innovation, knowledge sharing, collaboration Participatory Innovation Industry Academia Civil Society Government [EU Digital Single Market: Open Innovation2.0 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/open-innovation-20]
  • 9. 9 Facility Management & ICT • Sustainability • ‘Green’ buildings • Climate mitigation and adaptation • (Urban Planning) ICT & Technology Facility Management & Real Estate Development • ICT as an enabler • Strategy & Smartness & Data • Urban (big) data • Integration into urban networks • Data-driven society
  • 10. 10 Scales of study Smart Home Smart Building Smart Campus Smart Neighbor- hood Smart City Smart Nation Building Systems Building Integration, Cohesion Infrastructure, Networks, Community City Systems, Distribution, Organization, Politics, Citizens Large-scale integration of everything, government, ??? Private systems
  • 12. 12 Building Lifecycle Planning & Design Construction Operation Teardown • Here: focus on planning, maintenance and operations • Use, operation, maintenance, repair, cleaning, logistics, modernisation, adaptation, transformation
  • 14. 14 What we do • Smart City development and research projects • Interdisciplinary, spanning multiple departments and faculties • Labs, workshops, equipment, testbeds, networks, living labs • Support for projects, prototyping, students, theses, … • Work in the context of – Smart Cities – Urban Computing – Mobility Analysis – Smart Mobility – Visual Analytics – Campus Analytics
  • 15. 15 Examples • +CityxChange – Smart Cities & Communities Lighthouse project • Campus mobility • Outdoor/indoor air quality • Smart Hospitals (EBIM), logistics and optimization • ZEB • ZEN • Smart Grids, Smart Metering, Smart Charging, energy use • Internet of Things/Everything • Big Data and Machine Learning • Smart Parking, MaaS, smart transport planning, green transportation • Water, waste, utilities, building stock measurements
  • 16. 16 Example: Campus Guide: MazeMap • Startup out of a Common project between Trådløse Trondheim A/S, Information department NTNU, Studieavdelingen, NTNU IT, NTNU Videre and IME NTNU • Cisco WLAN-positioning on Campus and in the City [http://mazemap.com/]
  • 17. 17 “Campus Analytics” • Range of applications on WiFi network – WLAN indoor coverage on campus • ‘Campus Analytics’ – Mobility data with high spatial and temporal resolution – Passive location sensing – Device positions as proxy for people’s locations – Abstraction and processing layers • Data cleaning/preprocessing • Movement Extraction • Building-graph extraction • Visualization [Visualizing a City Within a City — Mapping Mobility Within a University Campus. Dirk Ahlers, Kristoffer Aulie, Jeppe Eriksen, and John Krogstie. Conference on Big Data and Analytics for Smart Cities. 2016.]
  • 18. 18 Estimates are useful [A mobile service using anonymous location-based data: finding reading rooms. Shang Gao, John Krogstie, Trond Thingstad, Hoang Tran. International Journal of Information and Learning Technology, 32(1). 2015.]
  • 19. 19 Applications • Awareness and planning support of building use • Real-time availability of rooms and facilities • Connection to larger mobility • Bottlenecks • Sustainable campus • Scaling out • Applications • Sort of lab: Self-contained campus is functionally closed
  • 20. 20 CTT – Carbon Track and Trace: IoT emission sensor network https://www.ntnu.edu/ad/ctt
  • 21. 21
  • 22. 22 Example: smart hospital [Johan van der Zwart, Healthcare architecture research]
  • 23. Limerick · Trondheim · Alba Iulia · Písek · Sestao · Smolyan · Võru +CityxChange SCC1 Lighthouse Project for the Development of Positive Energy Blocks This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824260. http://cityxchange.eu/
  • 24.
  • 25. City-Driven System Transition to Positive Energy Blocks & Districts
  • 26. 26 Enterprise Architecture – Making sense of distributed systems and ecosystems
  • 27. Powerhouse Brattøra Trondheim [www.powerhouse.no] Gardens International, Limerick [www.limerick.ie] Calle Txabarri, Sestao [www.sestaoberri.eus] Lysgården, Sluppen, Trondheim [www.lysgarden.no] Starting from hubs: Anchor buildings
  • 28. Structure for urban innovation spaces • Activate the innovation potential & innovation ecosystem of a city • City as a living lab • Innovation Playgrounds • Innovation Labs & Citizen Observatories • Physical & virtual • City & Areas & Labs Example: Trondheim
  • 29. Real estate ownership & Partnerships Example: Trondheim Example: Limerick
  • 30. Citizen Participation Processes – Include broader knowledge
  • 31. Bold City Vision Framework City Strategy Transitions [D3.1 Framework for Bold City Vision, Guidelines, and Incentive Schemes, https://cityxchange.eu/knowledge-base/framework-for-bold-city-vision-guidelines-and-incentive- schemes/ ]
  • 33. 33 Known problem. Time is running out. We need radical fast change from business as usual! [IPCC Report, Climate Change 2021, Summary for Policymakers, IPCC AR6 WGI, https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/ ] [https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/]
  • 34. 34 How it can be solved is clear; the difficulty is to persuade the human race to acquiesce in its own survival. I cannot believe that this task is impossible. Bertrand Russell: "The Atomic Bomb and the Prevention of War", Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, October 1946.
  • 36. 36 Covid-19 brings a new focus on livability Eden, Janine and Jim from New York City, Street Seating (50076249568), CC BY 2.0 Fabian Deter, Pop-up Radweg auf dem Kottbusser Damm in Berlin, CC BY-SA 4.0
  • 37. 37 Takeaways • Smart City is a multi-stakeholder transition process • Make cities more livable, sustainable, understandable • ICT is one (part of the) solution • Address the climate crisis, make radical change • “Do cool stuff that matters” Smart Cities, Sustainability, Climate Action