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Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities

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Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities

  1. 1. Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities TRANSFORM Series: Smart Cities and Communities DCU Business School, Dublin/online 10.02.2021 Dr. Dirk Ahlers Smart Sustainable Cities Group NTNU – Norwegian University of Science and Technology https://www.ntnu.edu/smartcities https://www.ntnu.edu/employees/dirk.ahlers
  2. 2. 2 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities
  3. 3. 3 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development [http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/ http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/goal-11- sustainable-cities-and-communities.html]
  4. 4. 4 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities UN SDGs – zoom out/in [https://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/research-news/2016-06-14-how-food-connects-all-the-sdgs.html https://www.globalgoals.org/11-sustainable-cities-and-communities]
  5. 5. 5 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Smart City Strategies • Sustainable and livable urban futures • Open Innovation and Co-creation • Open ecosystem, not only driven by municipality • Enabling urban change – Environmental, economical, societal, technical challenges – Increase sustainability, resilience, livability – Improve services, enable new services – Digital transformation, digitalization – Real-time city understanding • Scalable and transferable solutions • Combination of low- and high-tech solutions • Integrated solutions, not only ICT
  6. 6. 6 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Handling Complexity • Smart City ➞ Smart City Development and Evolution • Cities are complex • Integrated interoperable solutions are hard • Goal: Keep flexibility, enable experimentation
  7. 7. 7 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Smart City Evolution City Evolution, City Systems Evolution Technological constraints and opportunities City needs and strategy External and internal constraints, options, changes [adapted from ITU-T, Setting the framework for an ICT architecture of a smart sustainable city (SSC-0345), 2015] Architecture Evolution and Adaptation, Development and Maintenance Urban Renewal, City Development, City Redevelopment, Urban Innovation Smart City Co-Evolution City ICT/EA Smart Ci es Enterprise Architecture Development and Evolu on
  8. 8. 8 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Stakeholders and context boundaries Smart City Company 1 Company 2 Company 4 Company ... Company n Municipality National Actors City networks European Actors Company 3 Citizens Technological solutions do not operate in a vacuum.
  9. 9. 9 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Quadruple Helix Innovation Model • Method used in Innovation, Urban Planning/Development, Citizen engagement • Co-Creation and Open Innovation • Involvement and collaboration of relevant actors • Structural changes beyond any one segment • Smart city means involvement of all stakeholders in urban innovation, knowledge sharing, collaboration Participatory Innovation Industry Academia Civil Society Government [EU Digital Single Market: Open Innovation2.0 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/open-innovation-20]
  10. 10. 10 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Project Examples
  11. 11. Limerick · Trondheim · Alba Iulia · Písek · Sestao · Smolyan · Võru +CityxChange SCC1 Lighthouse Project for the Development of Positive Energy Blocks This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824260. http://cityxchange.eu/
  12. 12. Structure for urban innovation spaces • Activate the innovation potential & innovation ecosystem of a city • City as a living lab • Innovation Playgrounds • Innovation Labs & Citizen Observatories • Physical & virtual • City & Areas & Labs Example: Trondheim
  13. 13. +CityxChange Open Ecosystem concept [A Smart City Ecosystem enabling Open Innovation. Dirk Ahlers, Leendert Wienhofen, Sobah Abbas Petersen, Mohsen Anvaari. I4CS 2019, Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22482-0_9]
  14. 14. Bold City Vision Framework [D3.1 Framework for Bold City Vision, Guidelines, and Incentive Schemes, https://cityxchange.eu/knowledge-base/framework-for-bold-city-vision-guidelines-and-incentive- schemes/ ]
  15. 15. 17 Wireless Trondheim / Mazemap Living Lab • Range of applications on WiFi network – WLAN indoor coverage on campus • ‘Campus Analytics’ – Mobility data with high spatial and temporal resolution – Passive location sensing – Device positions as proxy for people’s locations – Abstraction and processing layers • Data cleaning/preprocessing • Movement Extraction • Building-graph extraction • Visualization [Visualizing a City Within a City – Mapping Mobility Within a University Campus. Dirk Ahlers, Kristoffer Gebuhr Aulie, Jeppe Eriksen, and John Krogstie. Vol. 166 LNICS http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33681-7_41]
  16. 16. 18 CTT – Carbon Track and Trace: IoT emission sensor network [https://www.ntnu.edu/ad/ctt]
  17. 17. TRD3.0 University-city cooperation on smart sustainable cities – crossing silos [https://sites.google.com/trondheim.kommune.no/universitetskommunen/]
  18. 18. 20 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities What next?
  19. 19. 21 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Known problem [https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/]
  20. 20. 22 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Post crisis is during crisis • What can we learn from Covid-19 response? • What structures can be applied for climate action? • Lockdowns barely bring emissions down • How to link Climate Action & Covid-Recovery • European Green Deal: Climate neutrality by 2050 • New role of livable urban spaces • New thinking around mobility • Push for digitalisation • We have to build a better world with better structures
  21. 21. 23 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Action? Action! Societal Action Individual Action Systemic Action
  22. 22. 24 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Covid-19 brings a new focus on livability Eden, Janine and Jim from New York City, Street Seating (50076249568), CC BY 2.0 Fabian Deter, Pop-up Radweg auf dem Kottbusser Damm in Berlin, CC BY-SA 4.0
  23. 23. 25 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Takeaways • Smart City is a challenging interdisciplinary topic • Smart City as an evolution and transition process • Make cities more livable, sustainable, understandable • New opportunities and requirements arising • Sustainability & resilience as main imperatives Smart Cities, Sustainability, Climate Action
  24. 24. 26 Transition processes and digital transformation in Smart Sustainable Cities Q&A Contact Dirk Ahlers search://Dirk Ahlers @dirkahlers dirk.ahlers@ntnu.no https://www.ntnu.edu/smartcities https://www.ntnu.edu/employees/dirk.ahlers +CityxChange Twitter @plusCities Web: cityxchange.eu KB: cityxchange.eu/knowledge-base/

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