Definitions ‘Personality is the dynamic organisation within an individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment.’ - Gordon Allport Personality is the sum total ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others. - Stephen Robins
PERSONALITY DETERMINANTSIndividual Personality is the result of heredityand environment and the third factor isrecognised to be situation.
HEREDITYHeredity refers to those factors that were determined at conception. Physicalstature, facial attractiveness, temperament, muscle composition and reflexes,energy level, and biological rhythms are characteristics that are generallyconsidered to be either completely or substantially who the parents are; that is,by their biological, physiological, and inherent makeup.The heredity approach argues that the ultimate explanation of an individual’spersonality is the molecular structure of the genes.
ENVIRONMENTEnvironment factor like culture in which one israised, early conditioning; norms amongfamily, friends, social group and otherinfluences that one experiences, exertpressure on personality of an individual.
SITUTATIONSituation influences the effect of heredityand environment on personality. Aindividual’s personality, although generallystable and consistent, does change indifferent situations. The different demandsof different situations call for differentaspects one’s personality.
LOCUS OF CONTROLLocus of control is the degree to whichpeople believe they are masters of theirown fateSome people believe that they are masters of their own fate. Other people seethemselves as pawns of fate, believing that what happens to them in their lives isdue to luck or chance.
INTERNALSIndividual who believes that they controlwhat happens to them. EXTERNALSIndividuals who believe that what happensto them is controlled by outside forces suchas luck or chance.
TYPE A PERSONALITYA person with a Type A personality is aggressivelyinvolved in chronic, incessant struggle to achievemore and more in less and less time, and ifrequired to do so, against the opposing efforts ofother things or other persons.
Type A’s 1. Are always moving, walking, and eating rapidly 2. Feels impatient with the rate at which most event take place 3. Strive to think or to do two or more things at once 4. Cannot cope with leisure time 5. Are obsessed with numbers, measuring their success
TYPE B PERSONALITYType B is exactly opposite to type A are rarelyharried by the desire to obtain a wildly increasingnumber of things or participate in an endlessgrowing series of events in an ever decreasingamount of time.
Type B’s1. Never suffer from a sense of time urgency with the accompanying impatience2. Feel no need to display or discuss their achievements3. Play for fun and relaxation and not exhibit superiority4. Can relax without guilt