SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 17
ORGANIZING

Function of Management
What do managers do when they
organize?
Organizing: arranging and structuring work to
  accomplish the ‘organizations’ goals.

Organizing structure: the formal arrangement of
  jobs within an organization.

Organizational design: changing or developing
  an organization’s structure.
Six Elements of Organizational
Structure
1. Work Specialization: dividing work activities
   into separate job tasks.



2. Departmentalization: grouping like jobs back
   together. (Functional, product, geographical,
   process and customer)
Six Elements of Organizational
Structure
3. Chain of Command: line of authority from top to bottom of
     organization clarifying who reports to whom.

Authority – rights inherent in managerial position to tell others what to
    do and to expect them to do it.

Responsibility – obligation to perform assigned duties.

Unity of Command – idea that each person should report to only one
    manager.

4. Span of Control: number of employee that a manager manages.
     * Depends on skill and abilities of manager and employees and
     work characteristics.
Six Elements of Organizational
Structure
5. Centralization – Decentralization: where
  decision making is concentrated.
  Employee Empowerment – giving employees
  more authority to make decisions.

6. Formalization: extent to which employees
  jobs are standardized and controlled.
Factors that affect the type of
organizational structure managers
design.
1. Strategy
    - As strategy changes, structure changes to
    support strategy.
2. Size
    -Large organizations tend to be more
    mechanistic.
3. Technology

4. Degree of environmental uncertainty.
Common types of Organizational
Designs.
Traditional:
  1. Simple structure – Organizational design with
  low departmentalization wide spans of control,
  centralized authority and little formalization.
  2. Functional structure – organizational design
  that groups similar or related occupational
  specialties together.
  3. Divisional structure – organizational structure
  made up of separate, semi –autonomous units or
  divisions.
Common types of Organizational
Designs.
Contemporary:
  1. Team structure – organizational structure in which
  the entire organization is made up of work groups or
  teams.

    2. Matrix structure – organizational structure in which
    employee continuously work on projects.

    3. Project structure – organizational on which
    employees continuously work on projects
.
Communication
-The transfer and understanding of meaning.

-Effective communication is when a transmitted
  thought or idea is received and understood by
  the receiver as it was intended by the sender.
Functions of communication
1. Acts to control behaviour.
2. Encourages motivation.
3. Provides a release to emotional
   expression of feeling and for fulfilment of
   social needs.
4. Provides information.
Interpersonal Communication Process
•   A communication source or sender.
•   Message
•   Encoding
•   The channel
•   Decoding
•   Receiver
•   Feedback
Why does communication break
down?
•   Filtering
•   Emotions
•   Information overload
•   Selective perception
•   Defensiveness
•   Language
•   Culture
Human Resource Management
An important strategic tool that helps
  organization establish sustainable competitive
  advantage.
How do organizations identify and
select competent employees.
Identify: Recruitment process.
Select: Predict which candidates will be good or not
  so good using valid and reliable selection tools.
• Application Forms
• Background investigation
• Realistic job preview
• Interviews
• Written Test
How do organizations help employees
adapt and stay up-to-date?
Orientation: Introduction of new employee to
  his or her job and the organization.

Training: What types of training do employees
  need? What method will be used to train?
How do managers know whether
employees are performing jobs well?

•   Written Essays
•   Graphic rating scales
•   Multi person comparison
•   360-degree feedback
HR issues Currently facing managers
• Managing Downsizing.
• Managing workforce diversity. (recruiting ,
  selecting and orienting/training)
• Work-family life balance.
• Controlling HR costs.

More Related Content

What's hot

Designing Organizational Structure
Designing Organizational StructureDesigning Organizational Structure
Designing Organizational Structurenanayem
 
MS Tutorial 2
MS Tutorial 2MS Tutorial 2
MS Tutorial 2Est
 
The Nature of Organization
The Nature of Organization The Nature of Organization
The Nature of Organization Omkar Gholap
 
Organization and Management: Function & Theories of Management
Organization and Management:  Function & Theories of ManagementOrganization and Management:  Function & Theories of Management
Organization and Management: Function & Theories of Managementreginamunsayac
 
Job design - Individual OD interventions - Organizational Change and Develop...
Job design - Individual OD interventions -  Organizational Change and Develop...Job design - Individual OD interventions -  Organizational Change and Develop...
Job design - Individual OD interventions - Organizational Change and Develop...manumelwin
 
Human capital management (HCM and Business)
Human capital management (HCM and Business) Human capital management (HCM and Business)
Human capital management (HCM and Business) NEETHU S JAYAN
 
Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)
Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)
Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)Neeraj Bhandari
 
Chapter 1 intro-management
Chapter 1  intro-managementChapter 1  intro-management
Chapter 1 intro-managementAben Bozziy
 

What's hot (14)

Designing Organizational Structure
Designing Organizational StructureDesigning Organizational Structure
Designing Organizational Structure
 
Function of Management
Function of ManagementFunction of Management
Function of Management
 
Managerial Function-Organizing
Managerial Function-OrganizingManagerial Function-Organizing
Managerial Function-Organizing
 
MS Tutorial 2
MS Tutorial 2MS Tutorial 2
MS Tutorial 2
 
The Nature of Organization
The Nature of Organization The Nature of Organization
The Nature of Organization
 
Organization and Management: Function & Theories of Management
Organization and Management:  Function & Theories of ManagementOrganization and Management:  Function & Theories of Management
Organization and Management: Function & Theories of Management
 
Hr intervention
Hr interventionHr intervention
Hr intervention
 
Ch 7-Slides
Ch 7-SlidesCh 7-Slides
Ch 7-Slides
 
Job design - Individual OD interventions - Organizational Change and Develop...
Job design - Individual OD interventions -  Organizational Change and Develop...Job design - Individual OD interventions -  Organizational Change and Develop...
Job design - Individual OD interventions - Organizational Change and Develop...
 
Human capital management (HCM and Business)
Human capital management (HCM and Business) Human capital management (HCM and Business)
Human capital management (HCM and Business)
 
Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)
Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)
Organizational Structure by Neeraj Bhandari (Surkhet,Nepal)
 
ORGANISING
ORGANISINGORGANISING
ORGANISING
 
Report module 6
Report module 6Report module 6
Report module 6
 
Chapter 1 intro-management
Chapter 1  intro-managementChapter 1  intro-management
Chapter 1 intro-management
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Management
Management Management
Management
 
Staffing- Principles of Management
Staffing- Principles of ManagementStaffing- Principles of Management
Staffing- Principles of Management
 
Error Correction Ppt
Error Correction PptError Correction Ppt
Error Correction Ppt
 
Project management life cycle
Project management life cycleProject management life cycle
Project management life cycle
 
PPT on Construction Costing
PPT on Construction CostingPPT on Construction Costing
PPT on Construction Costing
 
Project life cycle
Project life cycleProject life cycle
Project life cycle
 
Coordination ppt
Coordination pptCoordination ppt
Coordination ppt
 
Earthwork
EarthworkEarthwork
Earthwork
 
Feasibility study
Feasibility study Feasibility study
Feasibility study
 
Staffing
StaffingStaffing
Staffing
 
Project Life Cycle and Phases
Project Life Cycle and PhasesProject Life Cycle and Phases
Project Life Cycle and Phases
 
STAFFING
STAFFINGSTAFFING
STAFFING
 
Principles of Management – Chpt 17 : Controlling
Principles of Management – Chpt 17 : ControllingPrinciples of Management – Chpt 17 : Controlling
Principles of Management – Chpt 17 : Controlling
 
Concept Development
Concept DevelopmentConcept Development
Concept Development
 
Unit 7 controlling
Unit 7 controllingUnit 7 controlling
Unit 7 controlling
 
Lecture5---Gantt Chart
Lecture5---Gantt ChartLecture5---Gantt Chart
Lecture5---Gantt Chart
 
Coordination presentation
Coordination presentationCoordination presentation
Coordination presentation
 
Measuring instruments ppt
Measuring instruments pptMeasuring instruments ppt
Measuring instruments ppt
 
Ppt on organising
Ppt on organisingPpt on organising
Ppt on organising
 
Project management and project life cycle
Project management and project life cycleProject management and project life cycle
Project management and project life cycle
 

Similar to Organizing Structure and Communication Functions

management1-160303092600.pdf
management1-160303092600.pdfmanagement1-160303092600.pdf
management1-160303092600.pdfRavi narayana
 
Nature of Management
Nature of ManagementNature of Management
Nature of ManagementPie GS
 
Management principles and practices
Management principles and practices Management principles and practices
Management principles and practices Tinku Kumar
 
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONS
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONSORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONS
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONSDR .PALLAVI PATHANIA
 
Principle of Management Unit 3.pdf
Principle of Management Unit 3.pdfPrinciple of Management Unit 3.pdf
Principle of Management Unit 3.pdfNgN Menakan
 
DIPLOMA OTM HSM1.ppt
DIPLOMA OTM HSM1.pptDIPLOMA OTM HSM1.ppt
DIPLOMA OTM HSM1.pptKeyaArere
 
Buisness management
Buisness management Buisness management
Buisness management Shaheer Ahmed
 
Unit iii organizing and staffing
Unit iii organizing and staffingUnit iii organizing and staffing
Unit iii organizing and staffingtaruian
 
Department of Management Sciences.docx
Department of Management Sciences.docxDepartment of Management Sciences.docx
Department of Management Sciences.docxkinzatanveer
 
Changing role of hrd within organisations
Changing role of hrd within organisationsChanging role of hrd within organisations
Changing role of hrd within organisationsBibin Ssb
 
MS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competencies
MS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competenciesMS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competencies
MS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competenciesEst
 
Module 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptx
Module 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptxModule 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptx
Module 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptxKushagraJain87
 
Health management Information System zero lecture
Health management Information System zero lectureHealth management Information System zero lecture
Health management Information System zero lectureDr.Saman Fatima
 
Managerial ethics and organiztional design
Managerial ethics and organiztional designManagerial ethics and organiztional design
Managerial ethics and organiztional designAyesha Afzal
 
Principles of management.pptx
Principles of management.pptxPrinciples of management.pptx
Principles of management.pptxAnupyadav412606
 

Similar to Organizing Structure and Communication Functions (20)

management1-160303092600.pdf
management1-160303092600.pdfmanagement1-160303092600.pdf
management1-160303092600.pdf
 
Nature of Management
Nature of ManagementNature of Management
Nature of Management
 
Management principles and practices
Management principles and practices Management principles and practices
Management principles and practices
 
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONS
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONSORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONS
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN RELATIONS
 
Principle of Management Unit 3.pdf
Principle of Management Unit 3.pdfPrinciple of Management Unit 3.pdf
Principle of Management Unit 3.pdf
 
DIPLOMA OTM HSM1.ppt
DIPLOMA OTM HSM1.pptDIPLOMA OTM HSM1.ppt
DIPLOMA OTM HSM1.ppt
 
HRM-1.pptx
HRM-1.pptxHRM-1.pptx
HRM-1.pptx
 
Buisness management
Buisness management Buisness management
Buisness management
 
Unit iii organizing and staffing
Unit iii organizing and staffingUnit iii organizing and staffing
Unit iii organizing and staffing
 
CH 1 introduction.pptx
CH 1 introduction.pptxCH 1 introduction.pptx
CH 1 introduction.pptx
 
Department of Management Sciences.docx
Department of Management Sciences.docxDepartment of Management Sciences.docx
Department of Management Sciences.docx
 
Changing role of hrd within organisations
Changing role of hrd within organisationsChanging role of hrd within organisations
Changing role of hrd within organisations
 
organising ppt.pptx
organising ppt.pptxorganising ppt.pptx
organising ppt.pptx
 
MS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competencies
MS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competenciesMS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competencies
MS Lecture 1 part 2 managerial competencies
 
Module 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptx
Module 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptxModule 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptx
Module 1 Basics and functions of Mgt.pptx
 
ED 3203 Organizing.ppt
ED 3203  Organizing.pptED 3203  Organizing.ppt
ED 3203 Organizing.ppt
 
Health management Information System zero lecture
Health management Information System zero lectureHealth management Information System zero lecture
Health management Information System zero lecture
 
Managerial ethics and organiztional design
Managerial ethics and organiztional designManagerial ethics and organiztional design
Managerial ethics and organiztional design
 
MS Unit-2
MS Unit-2MS Unit-2
MS Unit-2
 
Principles of management.pptx
Principles of management.pptxPrinciples of management.pptx
Principles of management.pptx
 

More from Dexter Velez , MBA (7)

Mgt 101 planning
Mgt 101   planningMgt 101   planning
Mgt 101 planning
 
Pricing
PricingPricing
Pricing
 
Mgt
MgtMgt
Mgt
 
Marketing introduction
Marketing introductionMarketing introduction
Marketing introduction
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
 
Perception
PerceptionPerception
Perception
 
TAUSUG FAMOUS DISH AND DELICACIES
TAUSUG FAMOUS DISH AND DELICACIESTAUSUG FAMOUS DISH AND DELICACIES
TAUSUG FAMOUS DISH AND DELICACIES
 

Recently uploaded

20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdf
20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdf20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdf
20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdfChris Skinner
 
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deckPitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deckHajeJanKamps
 
NAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors Data
NAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors DataNAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors Data
NAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors DataExhibitors Data
 
business environment micro environment macro environment.pptx
business environment micro environment macro environment.pptxbusiness environment micro environment macro environment.pptx
business environment micro environment macro environment.pptxShruti Mittal
 
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan DynamicsWelding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan DynamicsIndiaMART InterMESH Limited
 
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...Americas Got Grants
 
Cyber Security Training in Office Environment
Cyber Security Training in Office EnvironmentCyber Security Training in Office Environment
Cyber Security Training in Office Environmentelijahj01012
 
How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...
How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...
How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...SOFTTECHHUB
 
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersEUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersPeter Horsten
 
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSendBig4
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024Adnet Communications
 
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdfGUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdfDanny Diep To
 
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03DallasHaselhorst
 
Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...
Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...
Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...Associazione Digital Days
 
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfAPRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfRbc Rbcua
 
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in LifePlanetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in LifeBhavana Pujan Kendra
 
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptxThe-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptxmbikashkanyari
 
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQMMemorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQMVoces Mineras
 
Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...
Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...
Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...ssuserf63bd7
 

Recently uploaded (20)

20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdf
20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdf20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdf
20220816-EthicsGrade_Scorecard-JP_Morgan_Chase-Q2-63_57.pdf
 
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deckPitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
 
NAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors Data
NAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors DataNAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors Data
NAB Show Exhibitor List 2024 - Exhibitors Data
 
business environment micro environment macro environment.pptx
business environment micro environment macro environment.pptxbusiness environment micro environment macro environment.pptx
business environment micro environment macro environment.pptx
 
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan DynamicsWelding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
 
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
 
Cyber Security Training in Office Environment
Cyber Security Training in Office EnvironmentCyber Security Training in Office Environment
Cyber Security Training in Office Environment
 
How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...
How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...
How To Simplify Your Scheduling with AI Calendarfly The Hassle-Free Online Bo...
 
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersEUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
 
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
 
WAM Corporate Presentation April 12 2024.pdf
WAM Corporate Presentation April 12 2024.pdfWAM Corporate Presentation April 12 2024.pdf
WAM Corporate Presentation April 12 2024.pdf
 
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdfGUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
 
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
 
Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...
Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...
Lucia Ferretti, Lead Business Designer; Matteo Meschini, Business Designer @T...
 
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfAPRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
 
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in LifePlanetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
 
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptxThe-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
 
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQMMemorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
 
Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...
Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...
Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, 13th Canadian Edition by Donald E. Kieso t...
 

Organizing Structure and Communication Functions

  • 2. What do managers do when they organize? Organizing: arranging and structuring work to accomplish the ‘organizations’ goals. Organizing structure: the formal arrangement of jobs within an organization. Organizational design: changing or developing an organization’s structure.
  • 3. Six Elements of Organizational Structure 1. Work Specialization: dividing work activities into separate job tasks. 2. Departmentalization: grouping like jobs back together. (Functional, product, geographical, process and customer)
  • 4. Six Elements of Organizational Structure 3. Chain of Command: line of authority from top to bottom of organization clarifying who reports to whom. Authority – rights inherent in managerial position to tell others what to do and to expect them to do it. Responsibility – obligation to perform assigned duties. Unity of Command – idea that each person should report to only one manager. 4. Span of Control: number of employee that a manager manages. * Depends on skill and abilities of manager and employees and work characteristics.
  • 5. Six Elements of Organizational Structure 5. Centralization – Decentralization: where decision making is concentrated. Employee Empowerment – giving employees more authority to make decisions. 6. Formalization: extent to which employees jobs are standardized and controlled.
  • 6. Factors that affect the type of organizational structure managers design. 1. Strategy - As strategy changes, structure changes to support strategy. 2. Size -Large organizations tend to be more mechanistic. 3. Technology 4. Degree of environmental uncertainty.
  • 7. Common types of Organizational Designs. Traditional: 1. Simple structure – Organizational design with low departmentalization wide spans of control, centralized authority and little formalization. 2. Functional structure – organizational design that groups similar or related occupational specialties together. 3. Divisional structure – organizational structure made up of separate, semi –autonomous units or divisions.
  • 8. Common types of Organizational Designs. Contemporary: 1. Team structure – organizational structure in which the entire organization is made up of work groups or teams. 2. Matrix structure – organizational structure in which employee continuously work on projects. 3. Project structure – organizational on which employees continuously work on projects .
  • 9. Communication -The transfer and understanding of meaning. -Effective communication is when a transmitted thought or idea is received and understood by the receiver as it was intended by the sender.
  • 10. Functions of communication 1. Acts to control behaviour. 2. Encourages motivation. 3. Provides a release to emotional expression of feeling and for fulfilment of social needs. 4. Provides information.
  • 11. Interpersonal Communication Process • A communication source or sender. • Message • Encoding • The channel • Decoding • Receiver • Feedback
  • 12. Why does communication break down? • Filtering • Emotions • Information overload • Selective perception • Defensiveness • Language • Culture
  • 13. Human Resource Management An important strategic tool that helps organization establish sustainable competitive advantage.
  • 14. How do organizations identify and select competent employees. Identify: Recruitment process. Select: Predict which candidates will be good or not so good using valid and reliable selection tools. • Application Forms • Background investigation • Realistic job preview • Interviews • Written Test
  • 15. How do organizations help employees adapt and stay up-to-date? Orientation: Introduction of new employee to his or her job and the organization. Training: What types of training do employees need? What method will be used to train?
  • 16. How do managers know whether employees are performing jobs well? • Written Essays • Graphic rating scales • Multi person comparison • 360-degree feedback
  • 17. HR issues Currently facing managers • Managing Downsizing. • Managing workforce diversity. (recruiting , selecting and orienting/training) • Work-family life balance. • Controlling HR costs.