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WIRELESS SYSTEMS
Presented By :-

DANIEL GEORGE
BSc Computer science
ST.Thomas college
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CONTENTS

 INTRODUCTION
 1G TECHNOLOGY
 2G TECHNOLOGY
 MODELS OF 1G & 2G
 2.5 TECHNOLOGY
 3G TECHNOLOGY

 4G TECHNOLOGY
 5G TECHNOLOGY
 WIRELESS APPLICATIONS
 WIRELESS SERVICES

 EVOLUTION FROM 1G TO 5G TECHNOLOGY
 CONCLUSION
Page 2
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INTRODUCTION

WHAT IS WIRELESS ?
The word wireless in dictionary is defined“having no wires ” .
In networking terminology , wireless is the term used to
describe any computer network where there is no physical
wired connection between sender and receiver, but rather
the network is connected by radio waves and or microwaves
to maintain communications.
Wireless networking utilizes specific equipment such as
NICs and Routers in place of wires (copper or optical fibre).
Page 3
LOGO

1G TECHNOLOGY

1G refers to the first generation of wireless telephone
technology, mobile telecommunications which was first
introduced in 1980s and completed in early 1990s.
It's Speed was upto 2.4kbps.
It allows the voice calls in 1 country.

1G network use Analog Signal.
AMPS was first launched in USA in 1G mobile
systems.

Page 4
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DRAWBACKS OF 1G

Poor Voice Quality

Poor Battery Life
Large Phone Size
No Security
Limited Capacity
Poor Handoff Reliability
1G Wireless System

Page 5
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2G TECHNOLOGY

 2G technology refers to the 2nd generation which is
based on GSM.
 It was launched in Finland in the year 1991.
 2G network use digital signals.
 It’s data speed was upto 64kbps.
Features Includes:
 It enables services such as text messages,
picture messages and MMS (multi media message).
 It provides better quality and capacity .
Page 6
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DRAWBACKS OF 2G

 2G requires strong digital signals
to help mobile phones work. If there
is no network coverage in any specific
area , digital signals would weak.

 These systems are unable to
handle complex data such as Videos.

Page 7

2G Wireless System
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WIRELESS MODELS OF 1G & 2G

1G WIRELESS SYSTEMS

2G WIRELESS SYSTEMS

Page 8
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2.5G TECHNOLOGY

 2.5G is a technology between the second (2G) and
third (3G) generation of mobile telephony.
 2.5G is sometimes described as 2G Cellular
Technology combined with General
Packet Radio Service (GPRS).

Features Includes:
 Phone Calls
 Send/Receive E-mail Messages
 Web Browsing
 Speed : 64-144 kbps
 Camera Phones
 Take a time of 6-9 mins. to download a 3 mins. Mp3
song
Page 9
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3G TECHNOLOGY

3G technology refer to third generation which was
introduced in year 2000s.
Data Transmission speed increased from
144kbps- 2Mbps.

Typically called Smart Phones and
features increased its bandwidth
and data transfer rates to accommodate
web-based applications and audio
and video files.

Page 10
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FEATURES OF 3G TECHNOLOGY

 Providing Faster Communication
 Send/Receive Large Email Messages
 High Speed Web / More Security
Video Conferencing / 3D Gaming
 TV Streaming/ Mobile TV/ Phone Calls
 Large Capacities and Broadband Capabilities

 11 sec – 1.5 min. time to download a 3 min Mp3 song.
Page 11
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DRAWBACKS OF 3G TECHNOLOGY

 Expensive fees for 3G Licenses Services

 It was challenge to build the infrastructure
for 3G
 High Bandwidth Requirement
 Expensive 3G Phones.
 Large Cell Phones

Page 12
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4G TECHNOLOGY

High-speed data access
High quality streaming video
Combination of wi- fi and wi-max
Capable of providing 100Mbps – 1Gbps speed.
One of the basic term used to describe 4G is MAGIC.
MAGIC:
Mobile Multimedia
Anytime Anywhere
Global Mobility Support
Integrated Wireless Solution
Customized Personal Services
Also known as Mobile Broadband Everywhere.
Page 13
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4G (Anytime, Anywhere)

The next generations of wireless technology that promises
higher data rates and expanded multimedia services.
Capable to provide speed 100Mbps-1Gbps.
High QOS and High Security
Provide any kind of service at any time as per user requirements,
anywhere.
Features Include:
 More Security
 High Speed
 High Capacity
 Low Cost Per-bit etc.

Page 14
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DRAWBACKS OF 4G

Battery uses is more
Hard to implement
Need complicated hardware
Expensive equipment required
to implement next generation
network.

Page 15
COMPARISON BETWEEN 3G Vs 4G

LOGO

The basic difference between 3G and 4G is in data transfer and signal
quality.

3G

4G

Data Transfer Rate

3.1 MB/sec

100 MB/sec

Internet Services

Broadband

Ultra Broadband

Low

High

Bandwidth

5-20 MHz

100MHz

Frequency

1.6-2 GHz

2-8 GHz

Download and upload

5.8 Mbps

14 Mbps

Technology

Mobile - TV Resolution

Page 16
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Countries Have 4-G

Except for the Scandinavian Countries (Northern Europe that
includes Denmark and two of the nations of Scandinavian , Norway
and Sweden. ), a few countries have started the 4G commercially.

In the US, Sprint Nextel and Others Germany , Spain, China , Japan
and England are also using the 4G services and mobiles .

Page 17
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WIRLESS MODELS OF 3G & 4G

 3G WIRELESS SYSTEM

 4G WIRELESS SYSTEM

Page 18
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5G TECHNOLOGY

Page 19
LOGO

5G TECHNOLOGY

Page 20
LOGO

Page 21
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5G TECHNOLOGY

5G technology refer to short name of fifth Generation
which was started from late 2010s.
Complete wireless communication
with almost no limitations.
It is highly supportable to WWWW
(Wireless World Wide Web).

Page 22
LOGO

BENEFITS OF 5G TECHNOLOGY

High Speed, High Capacity
5G technology providing large broadcasting of data in Gbps .
Multi - Media Newspapers, watch T.V programs with the
clarity
as to that of an HD Quality.
Faster data transmission that of the
previous generations.
Large Phone Memory, Dialing Speed,
clarity in Audio/Video.
Support interactive multimedia , voice,
streaming video, Internet and other
5G is More Effective and More Attractive.
Page 23
LOGO

COMPARISON BETWEEN 4G Vs 5G

The following basic differences between 4G and 5G are:

Page 24
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EVOLUTION OF 1G TO 5G TECHNOLOGY

Page 25
LOGO

5G WIRELESS ACCESS

Page 26
LOGO

FEATURE OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY

5G
4G
Page 27
LOGO

COMPARISON OF 1G TO 5G TECHNOLOGIES

Technology

1G

Deployment

1970/1984

Bandwidth
Technology

2G/2.5G

3G

4G

1980/1999

1990/2002

2000/2010

2014/2015

2kbps

14-64kbps

2mbps

200mbps

>1gbps

Analog
cellular

Digital
cellular

Broadbandwidth/
cdma/ip
technology

Unified ip &seamless
combo of
LAN/WAN/WLAN/PA
N

4G+WWWW

Service

Mobile
telephony

Digital
voice,short
messaging

Integrated high
quality audio,
video & data

Dynamic information
access, variable
devices

Dynamic information
access, variable
devices
with AI capabilities

Multiplexing

FDMA

TDMA/CDMA

CDMA

CDMA

CDMA

Switching

Circuit

Circuit/circuit for
access network&air
interface

Packet except
for air interface

All packet

All packet

Core network

PSTN

PSTN

Packet
network

Internet

Internet

Handoff

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal&V Horizontal&V
ertical
ertical

Page 28

5G
LOGO

Page 29
LOGO

WIRELESS APPLICATIONS

Wireless applications are those
which we use free space as the
transmission medium & do not
involve cabling like fibre or
copper cables.

Page 30
LOGO

WIRELESS SERVICES

Wireless solution for:
Business and Industry
Schools , Colleges
Doctors , Pilots
Police and Vehicles etc.

Page 31
LOGO

CONCLUSION

 All totally the best way to help all users is to use 5G as the
next wireless system and in totally it is safety and secure
for public, this the need that demands the solution.

 Today’s wired society is going wireless and if it has
problem, 5G is answer.
 5G technology is going to give tough competition to
Computers and Laptops.
 It will be available in the market 2020 at affordable cost
with more reliability than previous mobiles.

Page 32
THANK
YOU
CONCLUSION

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5g ppt new

  • 1. LOGO WIRELESS SYSTEMS Presented By :- DANIEL GEORGE BSc Computer science ST.Thomas college
  • 2. LOGO CONTENTS  INTRODUCTION  1G TECHNOLOGY  2G TECHNOLOGY  MODELS OF 1G & 2G  2.5 TECHNOLOGY  3G TECHNOLOGY  4G TECHNOLOGY  5G TECHNOLOGY  WIRELESS APPLICATIONS  WIRELESS SERVICES  EVOLUTION FROM 1G TO 5G TECHNOLOGY  CONCLUSION Page 2
  • 3. LOGO INTRODUCTION WHAT IS WIRELESS ? The word wireless in dictionary is defined“having no wires ” . In networking terminology , wireless is the term used to describe any computer network where there is no physical wired connection between sender and receiver, but rather the network is connected by radio waves and or microwaves to maintain communications. Wireless networking utilizes specific equipment such as NICs and Routers in place of wires (copper or optical fibre). Page 3
  • 4. LOGO 1G TECHNOLOGY 1G refers to the first generation of wireless telephone technology, mobile telecommunications which was first introduced in 1980s and completed in early 1990s. It's Speed was upto 2.4kbps. It allows the voice calls in 1 country. 1G network use Analog Signal. AMPS was first launched in USA in 1G mobile systems. Page 4
  • 5. LOGO DRAWBACKS OF 1G Poor Voice Quality Poor Battery Life Large Phone Size No Security Limited Capacity Poor Handoff Reliability 1G Wireless System Page 5
  • 6. LOGO 2G TECHNOLOGY  2G technology refers to the 2nd generation which is based on GSM.  It was launched in Finland in the year 1991.  2G network use digital signals.  It’s data speed was upto 64kbps. Features Includes:  It enables services such as text messages, picture messages and MMS (multi media message).  It provides better quality and capacity . Page 6
  • 7. LOGO DRAWBACKS OF 2G  2G requires strong digital signals to help mobile phones work. If there is no network coverage in any specific area , digital signals would weak.  These systems are unable to handle complex data such as Videos. Page 7 2G Wireless System
  • 8. LOGO WIRELESS MODELS OF 1G & 2G 1G WIRELESS SYSTEMS 2G WIRELESS SYSTEMS Page 8
  • 9. LOGO 2.5G TECHNOLOGY  2.5G is a technology between the second (2G) and third (3G) generation of mobile telephony.  2.5G is sometimes described as 2G Cellular Technology combined with General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). Features Includes:  Phone Calls  Send/Receive E-mail Messages  Web Browsing  Speed : 64-144 kbps  Camera Phones  Take a time of 6-9 mins. to download a 3 mins. Mp3 song Page 9
  • 10. LOGO 3G TECHNOLOGY 3G technology refer to third generation which was introduced in year 2000s. Data Transmission speed increased from 144kbps- 2Mbps. Typically called Smart Phones and features increased its bandwidth and data transfer rates to accommodate web-based applications and audio and video files. Page 10
  • 11. LOGO FEATURES OF 3G TECHNOLOGY  Providing Faster Communication  Send/Receive Large Email Messages  High Speed Web / More Security Video Conferencing / 3D Gaming  TV Streaming/ Mobile TV/ Phone Calls  Large Capacities and Broadband Capabilities  11 sec – 1.5 min. time to download a 3 min Mp3 song. Page 11
  • 12. LOGO DRAWBACKS OF 3G TECHNOLOGY  Expensive fees for 3G Licenses Services  It was challenge to build the infrastructure for 3G  High Bandwidth Requirement  Expensive 3G Phones.  Large Cell Phones Page 12
  • 13. LOGO 4G TECHNOLOGY High-speed data access High quality streaming video Combination of wi- fi and wi-max Capable of providing 100Mbps – 1Gbps speed. One of the basic term used to describe 4G is MAGIC. MAGIC: Mobile Multimedia Anytime Anywhere Global Mobility Support Integrated Wireless Solution Customized Personal Services Also known as Mobile Broadband Everywhere. Page 13
  • 14. LOGO 4G (Anytime, Anywhere) The next generations of wireless technology that promises higher data rates and expanded multimedia services. Capable to provide speed 100Mbps-1Gbps. High QOS and High Security Provide any kind of service at any time as per user requirements, anywhere. Features Include:  More Security  High Speed  High Capacity  Low Cost Per-bit etc. Page 14
  • 15. LOGO DRAWBACKS OF 4G Battery uses is more Hard to implement Need complicated hardware Expensive equipment required to implement next generation network. Page 15
  • 16. COMPARISON BETWEEN 3G Vs 4G LOGO The basic difference between 3G and 4G is in data transfer and signal quality. 3G 4G Data Transfer Rate 3.1 MB/sec 100 MB/sec Internet Services Broadband Ultra Broadband Low High Bandwidth 5-20 MHz 100MHz Frequency 1.6-2 GHz 2-8 GHz Download and upload 5.8 Mbps 14 Mbps Technology Mobile - TV Resolution Page 16
  • 17. LOGO Countries Have 4-G Except for the Scandinavian Countries (Northern Europe that includes Denmark and two of the nations of Scandinavian , Norway and Sweden. ), a few countries have started the 4G commercially. In the US, Sprint Nextel and Others Germany , Spain, China , Japan and England are also using the 4G services and mobiles . Page 17
  • 18. LOGO WIRLESS MODELS OF 3G & 4G  3G WIRELESS SYSTEM  4G WIRELESS SYSTEM Page 18
  • 22. LOGO 5G TECHNOLOGY 5G technology refer to short name of fifth Generation which was started from late 2010s. Complete wireless communication with almost no limitations. It is highly supportable to WWWW (Wireless World Wide Web). Page 22
  • 23. LOGO BENEFITS OF 5G TECHNOLOGY High Speed, High Capacity 5G technology providing large broadcasting of data in Gbps . Multi - Media Newspapers, watch T.V programs with the clarity as to that of an HD Quality. Faster data transmission that of the previous generations. Large Phone Memory, Dialing Speed, clarity in Audio/Video. Support interactive multimedia , voice, streaming video, Internet and other 5G is More Effective and More Attractive. Page 23
  • 24. LOGO COMPARISON BETWEEN 4G Vs 5G The following basic differences between 4G and 5G are: Page 24
  • 25. LOGO EVOLUTION OF 1G TO 5G TECHNOLOGY Page 25
  • 27. LOGO FEATURE OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY 5G 4G Page 27
  • 28. LOGO COMPARISON OF 1G TO 5G TECHNOLOGIES Technology 1G Deployment 1970/1984 Bandwidth Technology 2G/2.5G 3G 4G 1980/1999 1990/2002 2000/2010 2014/2015 2kbps 14-64kbps 2mbps 200mbps >1gbps Analog cellular Digital cellular Broadbandwidth/ cdma/ip technology Unified ip &seamless combo of LAN/WAN/WLAN/PA N 4G+WWWW Service Mobile telephony Digital voice,short messaging Integrated high quality audio, video & data Dynamic information access, variable devices Dynamic information access, variable devices with AI capabilities Multiplexing FDMA TDMA/CDMA CDMA CDMA CDMA Switching Circuit Circuit/circuit for access network&air interface Packet except for air interface All packet All packet Core network PSTN PSTN Packet network Internet Internet Handoff Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal&V Horizontal&V ertical ertical Page 28 5G
  • 30. LOGO WIRELESS APPLICATIONS Wireless applications are those which we use free space as the transmission medium & do not involve cabling like fibre or copper cables. Page 30
  • 31. LOGO WIRELESS SERVICES Wireless solution for: Business and Industry Schools , Colleges Doctors , Pilots Police and Vehicles etc. Page 31
  • 32. LOGO CONCLUSION  All totally the best way to help all users is to use 5G as the next wireless system and in totally it is safety and secure for public, this the need that demands the solution.  Today’s wired society is going wireless and if it has problem, 5G is answer.  5G technology is going to give tough competition to Computers and Laptops.  It will be available in the market 2020 at affordable cost with more reliability than previous mobiles. Page 32