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Generation of technology from 0G to 5G.

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  1. 1. Presented By: Gaurav Kant Yadav ECE11006 School Of Engineering and technology Raffles University,Neemrana
  2. 2. Introduction  Mobility is one of the most invigorating features, having an enormous impact on how communication is evolving into the future.  Mobility in 5G networks requires new level of mobility support as compared to traditional mobility.
  3. 3. 0th Generation  0G refers to pre-cellular mobile telephony technology in 1970s. These mobile telephones were usually mounted in cars or trucks, though briefcase models were also made.  Since they were the predecessors of the first generation of cellular telephones, these systems are referred to as 0G (zero generation) systems.
  4. 4. Technology used  PTT(push to talk)  MTS(mobile telephone system)  IMTS(improved MTS)  AMTS(Advanced mobile telephone system)
  5. 5. st 1 Generation  First-generation mobile systems used analog transmission for speech services.  A voice call gets modulated to a higher frequency of about 150MHZ and it is transmitted between radio towers using Frequency-Division Multiple Access(FDMA).
  6. 6. Technology used  FDMA(Frequency Division Multiple Access)  NMT(Nordic Mobile Telephone)  AMPS(Advanced Mobile Phone System)
  7. 7. Disadvantages of 1G  It has low capacity, unreliable handoff, poor voice links, and no security at all since voice calls were played back in radio towers, making these calls susceptible to unwanted eavesdropping by third parties.  Very slow speed 28kbits/s to 56kbits/s.
  8. 8. nd 2 Generation  Digital cellphones  The 2G introduced services for mobile, with SMS text messages.  2G has been superseded by newer technologies such as 2.5G, 2.75G.  Standards: GSM CDMA TDMA
  9. 9. Advantages over 1G  Consumes less battery power.  Improves the voice clarity.  Reduce noise in the line.  Secrecy and safety to the data and voice calls.
  10. 10. rd 3 Generation  2G networks were built mainly for voice data and slow transmission. Due to rapid change in user expectation they do not meet today’s wireless needs.  3G networks provide the ability to transfer voice and no-voice data over the same network simultaneously.
  11. 11. Technology used  HSPA(high speed packet access) It is a combination of HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access), HSUPA (High Speed Uplink Packet Access) and HSPA+.  Data speed: 3.6Mbps-14.4Mbps.
  12. 12. Applications Combines a mobile phone, laptop pc and TV  Phone calls  Global Roaming  Send/receive large Emails  High speed web  Video conferencing  TV streaming
  13. 13. th 4 Generation  4G development focuses around achieving ultra- broadband speeds.  4G average speeds are in 100mbps to 1Gbps,roughly 10 to 100 times faster than 3G networks.
  14. 14. Technology used  WiMax  LTE  Protocol (IP) based communication such as IP telephony .
  15. 15. Advantages  IP based mobile system .  High speed, high capacity, and low cost per bit .  Global access, service portability, and scalable mobile services.  Ad hoc and multi hop networks (the strict delay requirements of voice make multi hop network service a difficult problem).
  16. 16. Generation vs. Speed 4G 100mbps 3G 2.5G 2G 2mbps 384kbps 10kbps Speed
  17. 17. The next generation of mobile and wireless networks
  18. 18. th 5 Generation  5G technology is going to be a new mobile revolution in mobile market.  The next major phase of mobile telecommunication standards.  Real wireless world that is a complete WWWW.
  19. 19. Key Concepts of 5G  Real wireless world with no more limitation with access and zone issues.  Wearable devices with AI capabilities.  Internet protocol version 6(IPv6).  One unified global standard.
  20. 20. Features of 5G technology  Transporter class gateway with unparalleled consistency.  Support for virtual private network.  High resolution for cell phone and bi- directional large bandwidth shaping.  Providing subscriber supervision tools for fast action.
  21. 21. Applications  Mobile rings according to your mood.  You can get an alert from your mobile when some once opens your intelligent car.  Able to visualize lively all planets and universe.  Can fold your mobile as per your desire.  Can access your office desktop by being at your bedroom.
  22. 22. Hardware Requirements  UWB NETWORK:- Higher bandwidth at low energy levels.  BANDWIDTH :- 4000 megabits per second, which is 400 times faster than today’s wireless networks.  SMART ANTENNAS:- Switched Beam Antennas  Adaptive Array Antennas
  23. 23. Software Requirements  Single unified standard of different wireless networks.  Unified IP and seamless combination of broad band.  Software Defined Radio, Packet layer, implementation of packets, encryption, flexibility etc.
  24. 24. 5G Network Architecture
  25. 25. Protocol layout for elements of the proposed architecture
  26. 26. Conclusion The 5G mobile phones will have access to different wireless technologies at the same time and the terminal should be able to combine different flows from different technologies.
  27. 27. Reference  http://www.technologyreview.com  www.ijsret.org  www.researchgate.net  http://speres.com/the-concept-of-5g-cell-phone/  http://dev2.xva.me/4gwireless/5g-wireless-architecture/  http://seminarprojects.com/Thread-5g-mobile-technology
  28. 28. Thank You