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Seminar presentation on 5G

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Seminar presentation on Fifth Generation of Wireless Technologies

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Seminar presentation on 5G

  1. 1. Prepared by, Abhijith.S Class no.2 Reg no: S7 EC University College of Engineering
  2. 2. Contents..  Introduction to wireless systems  Introduction to 5G  Comparison of 1G to 5G wireless technology  Some usage patterns of wireless networks  Network architecture of 5G  Proposed hardware of 5G  Proposed software of 5G  Vision of 5G wireless technology  Features of 5G wireless technology  Key concepts  Major challenges  Stages of development  Conclusion  References
  3. 3. What is a wireless network..  In the most general sense, a wireless system is any collection of elements (or subsystems) that operate interdependently and use unguided electromagnetic-wave propagation to perform some specified function  Systems that convey information between two or more locations, such as personal communication systems (PCS), police and fire department radio systems, commercial broadcast systems, satellite broadcast systems, telemetry and remote monitoring systems etc come under this
  4. 4. Introduction to wireless networks  The term "wireless" should not be confused with the term “cordless", which is generally used to refer to powered electrical or electronic devices that are able to operate from a portable power source (e.g., a battery pack) without any cable or cord to limit the mobility of the cordless device through a connection to the mains power supply.  Wireless systems use different modes of electromagnetic energy for the transmission of information or data
  5. 5. Introduction to wireless networks  TV remote controllers mostly use Infra-red light energy to carry, or send the information from the remote in your hand to the TV  Remote garage door controllers use Radio Frequency waves (usually just called RF). This type of energy can usually penetrate glass windows, walls and other non-metallic objects.  The cellular phone system uses Microwaves because it needs to carry such a vast amount of information that it needs an extra-broadband carrier and Microwaves can carry this big load. The microwave transmitter and receiver work best in line-of-sight with no objects in between.
  6. 6. Basic elements of a Wireless system A very simple block diagram of a generic wireless system
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION To 5G
  8. 8. Introduction  In this presentation we will discuss 5G wireless systems, better known as 5th generation mobile technology.  Mobile wireless industry had started its technology creation, revolution and evolution since early 1970’s.  5G wireless technology can change the way we use wireless gadgets by providing very high bandwidth.
  9. 9. What is 5G ?  5G as already mentioned also stands for 5th generation wireless technology.  It is a name which is used in some of the research paper and going to become a next major phase of mobile telecommunication beyond the current 4G standard.  It is a concept which is only theory not real.  It changes the way we are using wireless gadget by providing very high bandwidth.  It adds a no of advantages over the present 4g technology. introduction
  10. 10. introduction  The 5G should be featured with intelligent technology that interconnects the entire world without limits.  5G introduces a whole new concept of multi-path data path scheme for a real wireless world, a complete wwww.  Thus, 5G should add a number of added advantages over the present 4G technology.
  11. 11. A COMPARISON Of 1G to
  12. 12. Comparison of 1G to 5G technologies Technology 1G 2G/2.5G 3G 4G 5G Deployment 1970/1984 1980/1999 1990/2002 2000/2010 2017/2020 Bandwidth 2kbps 14-64kbps 2mbps 200mbps >1gbps Technology Analog cellular Digital cellular Broad bandwidth /cdma/ip technology Unified ip &seamless combo of LAN/WAN/WLAN/P AN 4G+WWWW Service Mobile telephony Digital voice,short messaging Integrated high quality audio, video & data Dynamic information access, variable devices Dynamic information access, variable devices with AI capabilities Multiplexing FDMA TDMA/CDMA CDMA CDMA MC CDMA Switching Circuit Circuit/circuit for access network&air interface Packet except for air interface All packet All packet Core network PSTN PSTN Packet network Internet Internet Handoff Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal Horizontal& Vertical Horizontal& Vertical
  13. 13. SOME USAGE PATTERNS OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES
  14. 14. Some usage patterns of wireless technologies Current usage patterns 2G 68% 3G 29% 4G 3% As of 2013,Courtesy of Cisco Visual Networking Index
  15. 15. Some usage patterns of wireless technologies Predicted patterns
  16. 16. Some usage patterns of wireless technologies 3G penetration comparison 23 56 88 173 266 37 84 170 328 517 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Subscribers in million India World wide average Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index
  17. 17. NETWORK ARCHITECTURE OF 5G
  18. 18. Architecture OSI LAYERS 5G MOBILE NETWORK LAYER
  19. 19.  OWA stands for Open Wireless Architecture. This layer is used to define the wireless technology to be used. Physical Layer + Data Link Layer=OWA  Network Layer is divided into two sub layers 1.Lower Network Layer 2.Upper Network Layer  Network Layer is used to route the data from source to destination Architecture
  20. 20. Architecture  Open Transport Layer perform the operation of both transport layer and session layer.  Transport Layer + Session Layer=OTL  Application Layer is responsible for providing good quality of service.  Application Layer makes the data into proper format i.e. it decrypt the data which is in encrypted form.
  21. 21. PROPOSED HARDWARE OF 5G
  22. 22. Hardware of 5g  5G Hardware:  Uses UWB (Ultra Wide Band) networks with higher BW at low energy levels  BW is of 4000 Mbps, which is 400 times faster than today’s wireless networks  Uses smart antenna  Uses CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)
  23. 23. Millimeter waves  The term millimeter waves generally refers to the portion of electromagnetic spectrum between 30 and 300 GHz, corresponding to wavelength of 10 to 1 mm. Thus, the millimeter wave spectrum lies between the microwaves and infrared portions.
  24. 24. Millimeter waves Why mm wave may not be used for communication systems….  Unlike low frequency radio signals, millimeter waves are not appropriate for long distance transmissions through the atmosphere, due to higher signal loss  Unless proper antenna designs are made mm waves might not get materialized for high speed wireless systems  However because of their substantially higher frequency comparing to conventional RF waves, high speed wireless systems will have to depend upon mm waves for transmission
  25. 25. Adaptive array transceiver  In May 2013, Samsung electronics became the first documented firm to have physically made a 5G communication link. They used a part of the spectrum which is known by the name millimeter band  Samsung transmitted data in the millimeter-wave band at a frequency of 28 GHz at a speed of up to 1.056 Gbps to a distance of up to 2 kilometer The adaptive array transceiver technology, using 64 antenna elements, can be a viable solution for overcoming the radio propagation loss.
  26. 26. Adaptive array transceiver Process Block Diagram
  27. 27. Adaptive array transceiver
  28. 28. Adaptive array transceiver Initial ideas on actual implementation
  29. 29. Proposed software of 5g  5G Software:  5G will be single unified standard of different wireless networks, including LAN technologies, LAN/WAN, WWWW- World Wide Wireless Web, unified IP & seamless combination of broadband  Software defined radio, encryption, flexibility, Anti-Virus
  30. 30. Integration of different networks to attain a Multi-bandwidth data path.
  31. 31. VISION OF 5G
  32. 32. Vision of 5G wireless technology  GSMHistory.com has recorded three very distinct 5G network visions having emerged by 2014:  A super-efficient mobile network that delivers a better performing network for lower investment cost  A super-fast mobile network comprising the next generation of small cells densely clustered together to give a contiguous coverage over at least urban areas and gets the world to the final frontier for true “wide area mobility”
  33. 33.  A converged fiber-wireless network that uses, for the first time for wireless Internet access, the millimeter wave bands (20 – 60 GHz)
  34. 34. Vision of 5G  The 5G wireless internet networks are real wireless world which shall be supported by CDMA, OFDM, MCCDMA, UWB and IPv6.  5G technology has extraordinary data capabilities and has ability to tie together unrestricted call volumes and infinite data broadcast within latest mobile operating system.
  35. 35. Vision of 5G  The Router and switch technology used in 5G network would provide high connectivity for wireless gadgets. 5G Terminal 5G Terminal 5G Router
  36. 36. Vision of 5G  5G Technologies will have an extraordinary capability to support Software and Consultancy.  The 5G technology aims to distributes internet access to nodes across the world with almost seamless speed.
  37. 37. FEATURES Of 5G
  38. 38. Features Of 5G Wireless Technology  5G technology would offer high resolution for wireless gadget users and bi-directional large bandwidth shaping.  The advanced billing interfaces of 5G technology makes it more attractive and effective.  The high quality services of 5G technology is based on Policy to avoid error.
  39. 39. Features of 5g technology  5G technology would provide large broadcasting of data in Gigabytes.  The 5G technology network offers enhanced and available connectivity just about the world.  The traffic statistics by 5G technology makes it more accurate.
  40. 40. Features of 5G technology  Through remote management offered by 5G technology a user can get better and fast solutions.  The remote diagnostics also a great feature of 5G technology.  The 5G technology also support virtual private network.
  41. 41. KEY CONCEPTS Of 5G
  42. 42. Key Concepts  Real wireless world with no more limitation with access and zone issues.  Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6), where a visiting care-of mobile IP address is assigned according to location and connected network.  One unified global standard.  Pervasive networks providing ubiquitous computing.  Cognitive radio technology, also known as smart-radio.  High altitude stratospheric platform station (HAPS) systems.
  43. 43. MAJOR CHALLENGES Of 5G
  44. 44. Major Challenges
  45. 45. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Of 5G
  46. 46. Stages of development The METIS project • METIS, Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for Twenty-twenty (2020) Information Society. • METIS is co-funded by the European Commission as an Integrated Project under the Seventh Framework Programme for research and development (FP7). • The project will provide an important platform for a European-led early global consensus on fundamental questions connected to the development of the future mobile and wireless communications system, and pave the way for future standardisation of systems such as 5G.
  47. 47. Photo from METIS-all meeting #6 in Valencia (April 08-11, 2014) about a seminar on 5G
  48. 48. Stages of development •May 12 2013, South Korean technology giant Samsung claimed it has made breakthroughs in the development of next-generation networking technology, and was able to transmit data at a speed of 1Gbps through the 28 gigahertz (GHz) band
  49. 49. Stages of development •In 2013, the European Commission contributed $77 million for the development of a 5G network in 2020. Three leading universities are working collaboratively to bring the project into completion, namely, the University of Dresden in Germany, the Kings College of London, and the University of Surrey. •South Korea, on the other hand is quite aggressive to reach this technological achievement, investing $1.5 billion to be launched in 2020 and a pilot network to roll out in 2017.
  50. 50. Stages of development •On 6 November 2013, Huawei announced plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into R&D for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.
  51. 51. Stages of development •May 2014 Japanese operator NTT DoCoMo announced plans to conduct "experimental trials" of emerging 5G technologies together with six vendors: Alcatel-Lucent Ericsson, Fujitsu, NEC, Nokia and Samsung •February 24 2014 Broadcom introduces First 5G Wi-Fi 2x2 MIMO Combo Chip for Smart phones. Doubles Smartphone Wireless Performance While Improving Power Efficiency
  52. 52. Stages of development •July 2 2014 In a live, over-the-air demonstration of pre-standard equipment, the Swedish company Ericsson achieved 5Gbps throughput in the 15 GHz frequency band using advanced MIMO technology at its lab in Kista, Sweden.
  53. 53. Stages of development •July 8 2014 South Korean telecom company SK Telecom joins hands with Ericsson after it signed a MOU with the latter on development of 5g technology •July 10 2014: Huawei , a leading global information and communications technology (ICT) solutions provider, announced today that it has been elected to join the board of the 5G Infrastructure Association in Europe •July 15 2014: Electronics giant Philips revealed that it is developing smart cell towers to accommodate the probable 5g transcievers
  54. 54. CONCLUSION To this presentation
  55. 55. Conclusion  5G technology is going to be a new revolution in wireless systems market.  As data traffic has tremendous growth potential, under 4G existing voice centric telecom hierarchies will be moving flat IP architecture where, base stations will be directly connected to media gateways.
  56. 56. conclusion  5G will promote concept of Super Core, where all the network operators will be connected one single core and have one single infrastructure, regardless of their access technologies.  5G will bring evaluation of active infra sharing and managed services and eventually all existing network operators will be MVNOs (Mobile virtual network operators).
  57. 57. References www.cisco.com www.FreeWiMaxinfo.com 1.bp.blogspot.com www.telecoms.com www.ieee.com/explorer www.hubpages.com www.broadcom.com www.fiercewireless.com www.zdnet.com www.ericsson.com
  58. 58. IEEE article references  http://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/ telecom/wireless/5g-service-on-your-4g-phone  http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abstractReferen ces.jsp?arnumber=6526920  http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp ?arnumber=6736752  http://icc2014.ieee-icc. org/programWorkshops.html
  59. 59. Thank you!!! A lot…

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