Class 2

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Class 2

  1. 1. TESOL CERTIFICATEPROGRAMLINGUISTICSFebruary 2, 2012
  2. 2. agenda Morphology Review HW in groups Teaching Vocabulary
  3. 3. Morphology is…the study of word formation. Word Classes (parts of speech) Function Form
  4. 4. NounsFunctional Definition…. A person, place, thing (or idea)… What are the FORMS that nouns can take? teacher teachers - (1) can take a plural form Countable Uncountable The oil in the can has an unpleasant odor. The oil’s odor was unpleasant - (2) can take possessive Nouns can be inflected for number and case. Quick exercise – 4.1
  5. 5. Verbs…. (are action words?)walk walked walks walking….are words that can be inflected for tense. He walk to school everyday. He walks to school everyday.…are words that can be inflected for person and number.
  6. 6. Verbs…. He is walking to school. (present participle) He walks to school. He has walked to school for 5 years. (past participle) He had walked to school for 5 years before he bought a car. …are words that can be inflected for aspect.Verbs are words that can be inflected for tense, aspect, person and number.
  7. 7. Adjectives…. This class is harder than the other class. This class is the hardest class. This is the most amazing class I’ve ever taken. ….can be inflected for comparison. Data analysis 4.3
  8. 8. Adverbs… Sentence adverbials – Unfortunately, although, first, etc…. Degree adverbials – very, really, so, etc… Manner adverbials – quickly, slowly, etc…Adverbs are words that take no inflection and perform multiple modifying functions. Quick exercise – 4.1, 4.2
  9. 9. Minor Classes- PronounsHe loves her deeply, but she despises him because of his foul odor.The man loves the woman deeply, but the woman despises the manbecause of the man’s foul odor.Pronouns can be inflected for case.Case – the relationship between a noun (or pronoun) and someother element in the sentence.
  10. 10. Morphemes….minimal units of meaning in language.
  11. 11. Free BoundLexical Grammatical Lexical Grammaticalcontent function content function Derivational morphemes Bound roots – (clude, ation ‘ject’ ‘duce’ , ‘vert’ ChangesMajor Minor part ofParts of Parts of Inflectional morphemes – speech)Speech Speech adds an element of meaning(nouns, ve (prepositions) required by the grammar –rbs, etc) does not change part of speech only form.
  12. 12. Morphology8 Inflectional affixes (required by grammar, does not change part of speech, only form){PLU} = Plural ( noun + {PLU} ) table + {PLU} = tables{POSS} = Possessive{COMP} = Comparative{SUP} = Superlative{PRES} = Present{PAST} = Past{PAST PART} = Past Participle{PRES PART} = Present Participle Quick exercises, 4.4-4.9
  13. 13. Apply what you know… 1. a. information is a non-count noun (called a mass noun) b. From my point of view, or In my opinion c. Remodeling is usually used for rooms, houses, buildings, etc. d. Wrong formation of compound noun. e. New Word: Fascinated Rephrasing: Photography has been a passion of mine since I was a child. f. Solutions collocates with found, not ‘met’. g. Aware of, not aware to h. By pure chance, …
  14. 14. Apply what you know… 4. See Look Watch Stare Peer GlanceRule Ability, Intentional Duration Duration Negative Duration, non- , short volitional negativeExampleWrite aQuestionAnswer
  15. 15.  5. Students need to be made aware that the word has different meanings in different contexts. Weak Strong not really pretty, kind of very, extremely soon good Pretty fast nice

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