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The history of Advertising starts as far back as the 17th century, during the period of print media. In England advertisements in newspapers were simulataneously deemed as popular announcing inforamtion about the publication of a new book or play. However this type of advertising was soon outruled by the industrial revolution due to technological advances, in a similar way to how globalisation has changed advertising in the contemporary UK over the past few decades.
Advertising before and during the war changed direction of how it could be used to influence individuals in society. Advertising was used in order to gain as many young men as possible to help join the war, to fight for their country instead of being a consumer. This has had a lasting influence on advertising as it has created an abundance of persuasive techniques which advertisers still use today in a less explicit way.
History of advertising
History of Advertising
•Advertising is generally agreed to have begun alongside
newspapers, in the seventeenth century
•In England, line advertisements in newspapers were very
popular in the second half of the seventeenth century.
•Often announcing the publication of a new book, or the
opening of a new play.
Industrial Revolution technological
advances enabled the mass production of soap, china,
clothing etc manufacturers sought markets a long way
from their factories, sometimes on the other side of the
This created a need for advertising.
New technologies meant the making of newspapers
were cost effective; cheaper, more widely available,
and more frequently printed.
•Advertisements were made bigger as there were more
pages for them to promote on.
•Advertisers started to use simple headings,
describing their products using persuasive prose.
Example: Pears Soap.Thomas Barratt married
into the famous soap making family and realised
that they needed to be more aggressive about
pushing their products if they were to survive.
He took images considered as "fine art" and
used them to connote his brand's quality,
purity (i.e untainted by commercialism) and
simplicity (cherubic children).The campaign
was a huge success.
Early Advertising Agencies
•A response to an increasingly crowded marketplace
•Manufacturers realised that promotion of their products was needed in order to
•They sold themselves as experts in communication to their clients
•Early example of a good advertising agency was
Arrow Shirts by the copywriting team of Earnest
Calkins and Ralph Holden.
•The Arrow Shirt Man represented a whole set of
aspirational choices for the target audience, and
formed the basis of Arrow Shirt's advertising for
the next quarter century.
Advances in Advertising
The suffragettes in Britain used
a series of art posters to
publicise their cause. All the
various governments involved
turned to posters as
requirement of fighting in
WorldWar I was young men to
use as cannon fodder.The
'ENLIST!' posters dreamed up
by advertising agencies on both
sides of the Atlantic ensured a
plentiful supply of recruits.
Advertising on TV
•1950s known as a decade of post-war affluence need sense of materialism
The television especially In America became hottest consumer property - no
home could be without one more advertisements.
•In the UK and Europe, broadcasting was regulated strict tighter controls on
sponsorship and the amount of editorial control advertisers can have in a
•The first television advertisement was broadcast in the United States on July 1,
1941, costing $9 for Bulova.
Here is a link to the advertisement
•From this the 'commercial break' was created.