Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Open Science & Open Research - New Paradigms in Scholarly Communication Cornelius Puschmann University of Düsseldorf [emai...
Issues
Where are we? <ul><li>The Web has given a huge and growing global community access to a wealth of knowledge </li></ul><ul>...
Non-reasons <ul><li>Proprietary, valuable information? (patents etc) in most cases no </li></ul><ul><li>Lost publishing re...
Is it really “publishing”? <ul><li>our interpretation of the Web is shaped by metaphors associated with paper, printing an...
Why academia is resistant to opening up <ul><li>parts of academia are still highly invested in paper </li></ul><ul><li>inf...
Reaction to perceived information overload <ul><li>many researchers use paper-age methods to work with digital information...
“Is change a good thing?” <ul><li>researchers tend to be traditionalists </li></ul><ul><li>peer-review, quality control et...
“Why would I want people to find me?” <ul><li>small, highly specialized and tightly knit research communities </li></ul><u...
“It's open access if I have access, right?” <ul><li>most academics have easy access to scholarly journals through their li...
Change
Digital Humanities <ul><li>new approach to Humanities (literary studies, musicology) using computational approaches and pr...
WALS <ul><li>www.wals.info </li></ul><ul><li>interactive atlas  of the world's languages and their typological features (s...
OpenWetWare <ul><li>www.openwetware.org </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative wiki  for research labs in biology/biological engi...
ThoughtMesh <ul><li>www.thoughtmesh.net </li></ul><ul><li>system for  collaboratively tagging and linking scientific texts...
SciVee <ul><li>www.scivee.tv </li></ul><ul><li>basically  YouTube for scholarly content </li></ul><ul><li>“pubcast” accomp...
Encyclopedia of Life <ul><li>www.eol.org </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia for the world's species </li></ul><ul><li>developed (...
Current approach to research and publishing + records uses = public not public <ul><li>“human-readable” only </li></ul><ul...
“Web-enabled” approach to research and publishing + records uses = public <ul><li>semantically annotated </li></ul><ul><li...
Integrating and interlinking academic content
Using blogs in teaching
“Web-enabling” content from scholarly journals
E-journal editor's blog
Thanks for listening!
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

New Paradigms In Scholarly Communication (Ibm)

3,152 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology

New Paradigms In Scholarly Communication (Ibm)

  1. 1. Open Science & Open Research - New Paradigms in Scholarly Communication Cornelius Puschmann University of Düsseldorf [email_address] 25 June 2008
  2. 2. Issues
  3. 3. Where are we? <ul><li>The Web has given a huge and growing global community access to a wealth of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>The bulk of this knowledge is not created by academics, whose main job is “knowledge creation”, but by “amateurs” who donate their spare time </li></ul><ul><li>Much of what academics create is locked away in specialized journals and publications </li></ul><ul><li>Paradox: those who could contribute most lag behind furthest </li></ul><ul><li>What are the reasons and where is change taking place? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Non-reasons <ul><li>Proprietary, valuable information? (patents etc) in most cases no </li></ul><ul><li>Lost publishing revenue? (selling books) generally no, very few publications make the author money </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism? possible, but the risk exists with any form of publishing </li></ul>
  5. 5. Is it really “publishing”? <ul><li>our interpretation of the Web is shaped by metaphors associated with paper, printing and publishing </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. “web sites / pages / forms ”, “ email ”, </li></ul><ul><li>but Web 2.0 is increasingly detaching itself from these sources </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why academia is resistant to opening up <ul><li>parts of academia are still highly invested in paper </li></ul><ul><li>information overload </li></ul><ul><li>“Is change a good thing?” </li></ul><ul><li>“Why would I want people to find me?” </li></ul><ul><li>“It's open access if I have access, right?” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reaction to perceived information overload <ul><li>many researchers use paper-age methods to work with digital information </li></ul><ul><li>browsing instead of searching </li></ul><ul><li>“putting things on the Web” instead of “research happening on the Web” </li></ul><ul><li>finality vs. versioning </li></ul><ul><li>controlling quality and making available are conflated </li></ul>
  8. 8. “Is change a good thing?” <ul><li>researchers tend to be traditionalists </li></ul><ul><li>peer-review, quality control etc central paradigms </li></ul><ul><li>lack of control, order and selection on the Web seen with skepticism by some </li></ul><ul><li>goal is generally to preserve tried and trusted procedures and port them to the Web (but does that work?) </li></ul>
  9. 9. “Why would I want people to find me?” <ul><li>small, highly specialized and tightly knit research communities </li></ul><ul><li>inward-looking </li></ul><ul><li>assumption that nobody outside the field cares </li></ul><ul><li>lack of interdisciplinary focus </li></ul>
  10. 10. “It's open access if I have access, right?” <ul><li>most academics have easy access to scholarly journals through their libraries </li></ul><ul><li>the libraries cover the subscription costs </li></ul><ul><li>many perceive this as “open access” </li></ul><ul><li>academics aren't directly affected by the costs associated with commercial publishing since they don't have to pay for it </li></ul><ul><li>younger researchers often can't risk challenging traditions - “publish or perish” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Change
  12. 12. Digital Humanities <ul><li>new approach to Humanities (literary studies, musicology) using computational approaches and presentation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>new tools and methods have the potential to shine a new light on “old data” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.projectbamboo.org/ </li></ul>
  13. 13. WALS <ul><li>www.wals.info </li></ul><ul><li>interactive atlas of the world's languages and their typological features (syntax, lexicon, phonology) </li></ul><ul><li>originally on paper and CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>now interactive, uses Google Maps </li></ul><ul><li>feature set and maps can be used for other projects (remixing) </li></ul>
  14. 14. OpenWetWare <ul><li>www.openwetware.org </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative wiki for research labs in biology/biological engineering </li></ul><ul><li>started by grad students in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>originally used by two labs, now international project </li></ul>
  15. 15. ThoughtMesh <ul><li>www.thoughtmesh.net </li></ul><ul><li>system for collaboratively tagging and linking scientific texts </li></ul><ul><li>content of parts can be assessed without reading everything </li></ul><ul><li>opens the door for “vertical papers”, i.e. finding, reading and citing small chunks of information instead of horizontally digesting the entire article </li></ul>
  16. 16. SciVee <ul><li>www.scivee.tv </li></ul><ul><li>basically YouTube for scholarly content </li></ul><ul><li>“pubcast” accompanies/supplements a written paper </li></ul><ul><li>one clip for a paper on motor neurons in the spinal cord of mice has garnered 225.000 views since December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>especially attractive for content that can be described visually </li></ul>
  17. 17. Encyclopedia of Life <ul><li>www.eol.org </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia for the world's species </li></ul><ul><li>developed (mostly) by experts using scientific taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>attempt to concentrate all knowledge on living organisms on Earth in one resource </li></ul><ul><li>will include video, audio, photos and illustrations </li></ul>
  18. 18. Current approach to research and publishing + records uses = public not public <ul><li>“human-readable” only </li></ul><ul><li>static </li></ul><ul><li>primarily textual </li></ul>
  19. 19. “Web-enabled” approach to research and publishing + records uses = public <ul><li>semantically annotated </li></ul><ul><li>dynamic and interactive </li></ul><ul><li>different modes of presentation (audio, video) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Integrating and interlinking academic content
  21. 21. Using blogs in teaching
  22. 22. “Web-enabling” content from scholarly journals
  23. 23. E-journal editor's blog
  24. 24. Thanks for listening!

×