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Christina Hendricks
Department of Philosophy
Rajiv Jhangiani
Department of Psychology
Colin Madland
Coord. Edu Technologie...
William & Flora
Hewlett Foundation
23 Fellows 2015-2017
http://openedgroup.org/fellowship
Cost Outcomes
Use Perceptions
CO...
Open Textbook Student Survey
Physics 100 (UBC)
Christina Hendricks
Sr. Instructor, Philosophy
Co-PI’s: Stefan Reinsberg, G...
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
Physics 100
CC BY-SA 4.0
CTLT, UBC
Fall 2015 & Spring 2016, OpenStax
College Physics
Completed survey r...
46%
39%
10%
Grade
A
B
C
D
F
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
66%
13%
5%
3%
Major
Sciences
Health
Undecided
Forestry
First year: 85%
Seco...
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
Which actions have you taken to reduce book costs?
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
Rented
Downloaded
Bor...
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
How often taken following actions b/c of txtbk costs?
84%
81%
75%
43%
15%
17%
23%
43%
1%
3%
3%
13%
0% 1...
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
How did you access the open textbook?
Printed some
readings
Bought hard
copy
Downloaded
PDF
Inside EdX
...
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
Do you prefer print or digital textbooks?
45%
25%
30%Print
Digital
No strong
preference
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
How important are the following features of your OT?
50%
61%
86%
92%
94%
19%
22%
11%
5%
4%
1%
14%
3%
3%...
PHYSICS 100 AT UBC
How rate quality of your
open textbook compared to
traditional?
Worse
5%
Same
74%
Better
21%
Would have...
THE PERCEPTIONS, USE, & IMPACT
OF
OPEN TEXTBOOKS
A SURVEY OF POST-SECONDARY STUDENTS IN BC
Rajiv Jhangiani, Ph.D.
Open Stu...
THE SAMPLE
• 320 STUDENTS FROM 12 POST-SECONDARY
INSTITUTIONS
• RECRUITED VIA KNOWN FACULTY ADOPTERS
• ONLINE SURVEY
Femal...
46%
33%
11%
5%
5%
Teaching-intensive university
College
Research-intensive
university
Technical institute
Other
15%
1%
2%
3%
12%
4%
4%
14%
18%
3%
24% Business & Consumer Science
Communication & Information
Education
Engineering & Tech...
69%
44%
24%
working at least
part-time
working >15
hours/week
hold a student loan
ACTUAL SPENDING ON TEXTBOOKS (PAST 12 MONTHS)
RANGE: $0-$3000; MEAN: $698; MEDIAN: $500
46 15.5 22.7 7.8 8.1
0 10 20 30 40...
ACTUAL SPENDING ON TEXTBOOKS (PAST 12 MONTHS)
RANGE: $0-$3000; MEAN: $702
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
Used interlibrary...
Percentage of Respondents
n Never Rarely Sometimes Often Very Often
Taken fewer courses 307 72.6 10.7 11.7 2.6 2.3
Not reg...
HOW DO YOU ACCESS YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK?
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Print (home)
Print (other)
Print (SFU)
Smartphone
Tablet
E...
HOW IMPORTANT TO YOU ARE THE FOLLOWING
FEATURES OF YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK?
17.2
21.6
16.4
10
1.3
2.6
22.5
22.1
20.1
14
6.2
8.4...
Below average
3%
Average
34%
Above average
36%
Excellent
27%
HOW WOULD YOU RATE THE QUALITY OF
YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK?
Strongl...
“
”
It's portable and can be accessed at any computer. The
problem of forgetting to bring the textbook to a study
session ...
“
”
I like I like being able to print it for cheap
and that way I don't feel guilty about
highlighting all over it.
It is ...
Jhangiani, R. S. & Jhangiani, S. (in press). Investigating the perceptions, use,
and impact of open textbooks: A survey of...
Exploring the Remix Hypothesis
Colin Madland
Director, TWU Online, OER Research Fellow
28
Remix Hypothesis
"changes in students outcomes occurring in
conjunction with OER adoption correlate positively
with fac...
29
Level 1 – Realign – Minimal Impact
Level 2 – Rethink – Modest to Large Impact
Level 0 – Replace – 0 Impact
30
In which of these ways, if any,
have you used or created
Open Educational
Resources?
31
Faculty (N=4)
Administrators (N=8) Instructional Designers (N=5)
Students (N=29)
N %
Used 4 50
Adapted 2 25
Created 2 2...
32
For a typical course, how often do you
use the required texts?
33
34
How often did you use the
textbooks for this course?
35
36
In relation to textbooks used in
other courses, how would you
rate the quality of the textbook
used for this course?
37
38
For which of the following
purposes have you used OER in
the context of studying at TRU?
39
40
41
My experience has been very good. I do not have a lot of
experience, mainly just using the BC open textbook for my cour...
42
The use of OER in the classroom
leads to improved grades.
43
Faculty (N=4)
Administrators (N=8) Instructional Designers (N=5)
Students (N=29)
N %
A or SA 0 0
Neutral 7 100
D or SD ...
44
What does adoption COST?
NOTHING
MONEY
TIME
45
Faculty
Administrators Instructional Designers
Students
EFFORT
Didn’t buy textbook for a course:
rarely to very often
Christina: 95%
Christina: 56%
Quality of OT same or better than
tra...
Contact & Slides
Christina Hendricks
c.hendricks@ubc.ca @clhendricksbc
Rajiv Jhangiani
rajiv.jhangiani@kpu.ca @thatpsychpr...
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Research on Open Educational Resources & Open Textbooks from BC, Canada

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Slides from three research studies about open textbooks & other open educational resources focusing on students in postsecondary institutions in British Columbia, Canada.

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Research on Open Educational Resources & Open Textbooks from BC, Canada

  1. 1. Christina Hendricks Department of Philosophy Rajiv Jhangiani Department of Psychology Colin Madland Coord. Edu Technologies Experiences, Perceptions & Outcomes of Using Open Textbooks: Research from the BC OER Research Fellows Open Education Conference, November 2016
  2. 2. William & Flora Hewlett Foundation 23 Fellows 2015-2017 http://openedgroup.org/fellowship Cost Outcomes Use Perceptions COUP OER Research Fellowships
  3. 3. Open Textbook Student Survey Physics 100 (UBC) Christina Hendricks Sr. Instructor, Philosophy Co-PI’s: Stefan Reinsberg, Georg Rieger Physics & Astronomy, UBC Data will be made open soon
  4. 4. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC Physics 100 CC BY-SA 4.0 CTLT, UBC Fall 2015 & Spring 2016, OpenStax College Physics Completed survey responses: 143
  5. 5. 46% 39% 10% Grade A B C D F PHYSICS 100 AT UBC 66% 13% 5% 3% Major Sciences Health Undecided Forestry First year: 85% Second year: 9% Female: 71% Male: 27%
  6. 6. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC Which actions have you taken to reduce book costs? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Rented Downloaded Borrowed (library) Shared E-book Used (bookstore) Resold Off campus
  7. 7. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How often taken following actions b/c of txtbk costs? 84% 81% 75% 43% 15% 17% 23% 43% 1% 3% 3% 13% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Dropped Fewer courses Diff. section Didn't buy Never Rarely or Sometimes Often or Very Often
  8. 8. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How did you access the open textbook? Printed some readings Bought hard copy Downloaded PDF Inside EdX website 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90%
  9. 9. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC Do you prefer print or digital textbooks? 45% 25% 30%Print Digital No strong preference
  10. 10. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How important are the following features of your OT? 50% 61% 86% 92% 94% 19% 22% 11% 5% 4% 1% 14% 3% 3% 1% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Can print Mobile access Access anywhere Free of cost Customized to course Very or somewhat Average Somewhat not or not
  11. 11. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How rate quality of your open textbook compared to traditional? Worse 5% Same 74% Better 21% Would have preferred to buy traditional textbook? Strongly agree 5% Somewhat agree 13% No preference 18% Somewhat disagree 23% Strongly disagree 41%
  12. 12. THE PERCEPTIONS, USE, & IMPACT OF OPEN TEXTBOOKS A SURVEY OF POST-SECONDARY STUDENTS IN BC Rajiv Jhangiani, Ph.D. Open Studies Teaching Fellow Faculty, Department of Psychology @thatpsychprof
  13. 13. THE SAMPLE • 320 STUDENTS FROM 12 POST-SECONDARY INSTITUTIONS • RECRUITED VIA KNOWN FACULTY ADOPTERS • ONLINE SURVEY Female 64% Male 36% SEX Yes 52% No 48% ES/SL
  14. 14. 46% 33% 11% 5% 5% Teaching-intensive university College Research-intensive university Technical institute Other
  15. 15. 15% 1% 2% 3% 12% 4% 4% 14% 18% 3% 24% Business & Consumer Science Communication & Information Education Engineering & Technology Health Science Humanities Professional, Career, & Technical Science Social Science Visual & Performing Arts Other
  16. 16. 69% 44% 24% working at least part-time working >15 hours/week hold a student loan
  17. 17. ACTUAL SPENDING ON TEXTBOOKS (PAST 12 MONTHS) RANGE: $0-$3000; MEAN: $698; MEDIAN: $500 46 15.5 22.7 7.8 8.1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Not purchased the required textbook Percentage of Respondents Never Rarely Sometimes Often Very Often
  18. 18. ACTUAL SPENDING ON TEXTBOOKS (PAST 12 MONTHS) RANGE: $0-$3000; MEAN: $702 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Used interlibrary loan copies Leased e-chapters Rented e-textbooks Rented print textbooks Used library reserve copies Leased e-textbook Shared textbooks with classmates Downloaded textbooks from the internet Purchased used copies from the campus store Sold used textbooks Purchased textbooks from a source other than the campus store Unaffected by the cost of textbooks
  19. 19. Percentage of Respondents n Never Rarely Sometimes Often Very Often Taken fewer courses 307 72.6 10.7 11.7 2.6 2.3 Not registered for a specific course 307 73.9 10.7 11.1 4.2 0.0 Dropped or withdrawn from a course 305 82.6 8.9 6.6 1.6 0.3 Earned a poor grade 307 70.4 13.0 11.7 3.9 1.0
  20. 20. HOW DO YOU ACCESS YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Print (home) Print (other) Print (SFU) Smartphone Tablet E-reader PDF Online 79% Chapters as needed
  21. 21. HOW IMPORTANT TO YOU ARE THE FOLLOWING FEATURES OF YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK? 17.2 21.6 16.4 10 1.3 2.6 22.5 22.1 20.1 14 6.2 8.4 26.8 19.4 22.4 21.7 22.9 21.1 17.2 20.3 20.5 28.5 36.1 30 16.3 16.7 20.5 25.8 33.5 37.9 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Shareability Permanent retention Option to print Convenience/portability Immediate access Cost savings Not important at all Of little importance Of average importance Very important Absolutely essential
  22. 22. Below average 3% Average 34% Above average 36% Excellent 27% HOW WOULD YOU RATE THE QUALITY OF YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK? Strongly agree 6% Slightly agree 13% Neither 24% Slightly disagree 15% Strongly disagree 42% WOULD YOU HAVE PREFERRED A TRADITIONAL TEXTBOOK? FAIR PRICE: ~$63
  23. 23. “ ” It's portable and can be accessed at any computer. The problem of forgetting to bring the textbook to a study session or friend’s house is a problem of the past. I can study anywhere at any time. It also helps with limiting the amount of things I have to carry around. I used to carry a backpack with 3 different textbooks and binders and it put a strain on the back. If only all courses used this format it would help not only financially but also physically.
  24. 24. “ ” I like I like being able to print it for cheap and that way I don't feel guilty about highlighting all over it. It is compiled with only the necessary information for the course. Many courses do not include a number of sections out of textbooks and I find myself reading unnecessary content.
  25. 25. Jhangiani, R. S. & Jhangiani, S. (in press). Investigating the perceptions, use, and impact of open textbooks: A survey of post-secondary students in British Columbia. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. @thatpsychprof Rajiv.Jhangiani@kpu.ca
  26. 26. Exploring the Remix Hypothesis Colin Madland Director, TWU Online, OER Research Fellow
  27. 27. 28 Remix Hypothesis "changes in students outcomes occurring in conjunction with OER adoption correlate positively with faculty remixing activities.” ~Wiley Wiley, D. (2015). The Remix Hypothesis. Retrieved from http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3813
  28. 28. 29 Level 1 – Realign – Minimal Impact Level 2 – Rethink – Modest to Large Impact Level 0 – Replace – 0 Impact
  29. 29. 30 In which of these ways, if any, have you used or created Open Educational Resources?
  30. 30. 31 Faculty (N=4) Administrators (N=8) Instructional Designers (N=5) Students (N=29) N % Used 4 50 Adapted 2 25 Created 2 25 N % Used 4 50 Adapted 2 25 Created 2 25 N % Used 4 100 Adapted 4 100 Created 3 75 N % Used 20 80 Adapted 7 28 Created 4 16
  31. 31. 32 For a typical course, how often do you use the required texts?
  32. 32. 33
  33. 33. 34 How often did you use the textbooks for this course?
  34. 34. 35
  35. 35. 36 In relation to textbooks used in other courses, how would you rate the quality of the textbook used for this course?
  36. 36. 37
  37. 37. 38 For which of the following purposes have you used OER in the context of studying at TRU?
  38. 38. 39
  39. 39. 40
  40. 40. 41 My experience has been very good. I do not have a lot of experience, mainly just using the BC open textbook for my course. Using this resource has saved me a lot of time and money, allowing me to help pay for insurance for my car. [The] open textbook has been nice because it saved me money, only drawback is not being able to highlight text while studying I have enjoyed it. It helps me explore my lectures further, and really helps with my understanding of the topic.
  41. 41. 42 The use of OER in the classroom leads to improved grades.
  42. 42. 43 Faculty (N=4) Administrators (N=8) Instructional Designers (N=5) Students (N=29) N % A or SA 0 0 Neutral 7 100 D or SD 0 0 N % A or SA 4 58 Neutral 3 42 D or SD 0 0 N % A or SA 1 33 Neutral 1 34 D or SD 1 33 N % A or SA 14 56 Neutral 9 36 D or SD 1 4
  43. 43. 44 What does adoption COST?
  44. 44. NOTHING MONEY TIME 45 Faculty Administrators Instructional Designers Students EFFORT
  45. 45. Didn’t buy textbook for a course: rarely to very often Christina: 95% Christina: 56% Quality of OT same or better than traditional textbooks Would have preferred traditional textbook: slightly to strongly agree Rajiv: 54% Christina: 18% Rajiv: 19% Colin: 96% Rajiv: 97%
  46. 46. Contact & Slides Christina Hendricks c.hendricks@ubc.ca @clhendricksbc Rajiv Jhangiani rajiv.jhangiani@kpu.ca @thatpsychprof Colin Madland Colin.madland@twu.ca @colinmadland Slides: https://is.gd/BC_OER_Fellows_OpenEd16 Capitals & Underscores!
  • thatpsychprof

    Nov. 12, 2016

Slides from three research studies about open textbooks & other open educational resources focusing on students in postsecondary institutions in British Columbia, Canada.

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