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BC OER Research Fellows on Open Textbooks

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Presentation at the BC Festival of Learning: http://festival.bccampus.ca

Results from three surveys of students and faculty at BC post-secondary institutions.

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BC OER Research Fellows on Open Textbooks

  1. 1. Christina Hendricks Department of Philosophy Rajiv Jhangiani Department of Psychology Colin Madland Coord. Edu Technologies Experiences, Perceptions & Outcomes of Using Open Textbooks: Research from the BC OER Research Fellows Festival of Learning, June 2016
  2. 2. William & Flora Hewlett Foundation 23 Fellows 2015-2017 http://openedgroup.org/fellowship Cost Outcomes Usage Perceptions COUP OER Research Fellowships
  3. 3. Open Textbook Student Survey Physics 100 (UBC) Christina Hendricks Sr. Instructor, Philosophy Co-Investigators: Stefan Reinsberg & Georg Rieger, Physics & Astronomy, UBC Data will be made open soon
  4. 4. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC Physics 100 CC BY-SA 4.0 CTLT, UBC Fall 2015, approx. 800 students OpenStax College Physics Completed survey responses: 134
  5. 5. 47% 39% 9% Grade A B C D F PHYSICS 100 AT UBC 68% 13% 6% 4% Major Sciences Health Undecided Forestry First year: 89% Second year: 8% Female: 72% Male: 28%
  6. 6. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How much do you typically spend on txtbks in a year? 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% $1000-$1200 $800-$1000 $600-$800 $400-$600 $200-$400 >$200
  7. 7. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC Which actions have you taken to reduce book costs? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Rented Downloaded Borrowed (library) Shared E-book Used (bookstore) Resold Off campus
  8. 8. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How often taken following actions b/c of txtbk costs? 85% 82% 76% 44% 11% 12% 12% 18% 4% 5% 10% 26% 7% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Dropped Fewer courses Diff. section Didn't buy Never Rarely Sometimes Often Very often
  9. 9. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How did you access the open textbook? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Printed some readings Bought hard copy Downloaded PDF Inside EdX website
  10. 10. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How important are the following features of your OT? 30% 41% 61% 71% 74% 19% 24% 26% 24% 21% 20% 22% 11% 5% 4% 17% 8% 14% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Can print Mobile access Access anywhere Free of cost Customized to course Very Somewhat Average Smwht Not Not
  11. 11. PHYSICS 100 AT UBC How rate quality of your open textbook compared to traditional? Worse 5% Same 74% Better 21% Would have preferred to buy traditional textbook? Strongly agree 5% Somewhat agree 11% No pref 17% Somewhat disagree 24% Strongly disagree 43%
  12. 12. OPEN TEXTBOOKS A SURVEY OF BC POST-SECONDARY STUDENT USERS @thatpsychprof Rajiv Jhangiani, Ph.D. Department of Psychology
  13. 13. THE SAMPLE • 315 STUDENTS FROM 12 POST-SECONDARY INSTITUTIONS • RECRUITED VIA KNOWN FACULTY ADOPTERS • ONLINE SURVEY Female 64% Male 36% SEX Yes 48%No 52% EFL
  14. 14. <5 7% 6-10 12% 11-15 18% 16-20 26% 21-25 16% 26-30 8% 31-35 9% >35 4% HOURS WORKED/WEEK 69% EMPLOYED 63% WORK >15 HRS/WEEK <$100 16% $101-$250 46% $251-$500 25% $501-$750 8% >$750 5% $ EARNED/WEEK 62% EARN <$250/WEEK
  15. 15. ACTUAL SPENDING ON TEXTBOOKS (PAST 12 MONTHS) RANGE: $0-$3000; MEAN: $702 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Rented Library reserve E-book Shared Downloaded Used (bookstore) Resold Off-campus New (bookstore)
  16. 16. MODAL STUDENT: ENROLLED IN 3 COURSES; 7-9 COURSES (PAST YEAR) COMPLETED >30 CREDITS OVERALL 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Not purchased Earned poor grade Dropped/Withdrew Not registered Taken fewer courses Never Rarely Sometimes Often Very Often
  17. 17. HOW DO YOU ACCESS YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Print (home) Print (other) Print (SFU) Smartphone Tablet E-reader PDF Online 79% Chapters as needed
  18. 18. HOW IMPORTANT TO YOU ARE THE FOLLOWING FEATURES OF YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK? 12.6 6.7 9.6 7.8 2.9 1 13.6 22.1 15.4 4.9 1 1.9 31.1 20.2 21.2 16.5 10.6 9.6 21.4 26 21.2 32 36.5 26.9 21.4 25 32.7 38.8 49 60.6 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Shareability Permanent retention Option to print Convenience/portability Immediate access Cost savings Not important at all Of little importance Of average importance Very important Absolutely essential
  19. 19. Below average 3% Average 20% Above average 34% Excellent 43% HOW WOULD YOU RATE THE QUALITY OF YOUR OPEN TEXTBOOK? Strongly agree 6% Slightly agree 12% Neither 17% Slightly disagree 15% Strongly disagree 50% WOULD YOU HAVE PREFERRED A TRADITIONAL TEXTBOOK? FAIR PRICE: ~$60
  20. 20. Exploring the Remix Hypothesis Colin Madland Coordinator for Educational Technologies, OER Research Fellow
  21. 21. 21 Remix Hypothesis "changes in students outcomes occurring in conjunction with OER adoption correlate positively with faculty remixing activities.” ~Wiley Wiley, D. (2015). The Remix Hypothesis. Retrieved from http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3813 THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  22. 22. 22 Level 1 – Realign – Minimal Impact Level 2 – Rethink – Modest to Large Impact Level 0 – Replace – 0 Impact THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  23. 23. 23 In which of these ways, if any, have you used or created Open Educational Resources? THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  24. 24. 24 Faculty (N=4) Administrators (N=8) Instructional Designers (N=5) Students (N=29) N % Used 4 50 Adapted 2 25 Created 2 25 N % Used 4 50 Adapted 2 25 Created 2 25 N % Used 4 100 Adapted 4 100 Created 3 75 N % Used 20 80 Adapted 7 28 Created 4 16 THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  25. 25. 25 For a typical course, how often do you use the required texts? THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  26. 26. 26THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  27. 27. 27 How often did you use the textbooks for this course? THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  28. 28. 28THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  29. 29. 29 In relation to textbooks used in other courses, how would you rate the quality of the textbook used for this course? THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  30. 30. 30THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  31. 31. 31 For which of the following purposes have you used OER in the context of studying at TRU? THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  32. 32. 32THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  33. 33. 33THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  34. 34. 34 My experience has been very good. I do not have a lot of experience, mainly just using the BC open textbook for my course. Using this resource has saved me a lot of time and money, allowing me to help pay for insurance for my car. [The] open textbook has been nice because it saved me money, only drawback is not being able to highlight text while studying I have enjoyed it. It helps me explore my lectures further, and really helps with my understanding of the topic. THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  35. 35. 35 The use of OER in the classroom leads to improved grades. THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | Festival of Learning
  36. 36. 36 Faculty (N=4) Administrators (N=8) Instructional Designers (N=5) Students (N=29) N % A or SA 0 0 Neutral 7 100 D or SD 0 0 N % A or SA 4 58 Neutral 3 42 D or SD 0 0 N % A or SA 1 33 Neutral 1 34 D or SD 1 33 N % A or SA 14 56 Neutral 9 36 D or SD 1 4 THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | #Festival of Learning
  37. 37. 37 What does adoption COST? THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | #Festival of Learning
  38. 38. NOTHING MONEY TIME 38 Faculty Administrators Instructional Designers Students THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY | June 2016 | #Festival of Learning EFFORT
  39. 39. Didn’t buy textbook for a course: rarely to very often Christina: 95% Christina: 56% Quality of OT same or better than traditional textbooks Would have preferred traditional textbook: slightly to strongly agree Rajiv: 55% Christina: 16% Rajiv: 18% Colin: 96% Rajiv: 97%
  40. 40. Contact & Slides Christina Hendricks c.hendricks@ubc.ca @clhendricksbc Rajiv Jhangiani rajiv.jhangiani@kpu.ca @thatpsychprof Colin Madland cmadland@tru.ca @colinmadland Slides: https://is.gd/BC_OER_Fellows_FOL16 Underscores!

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