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Pragmatism vs. Idealism and the Identity Crisis of OER Advocacy


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Rajiv Jhangiani
Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Published in: Education
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Pragmatism vs. Idealism and the Identity Crisis of OER Advocacy

  1. 1. Pragmatism vs. Idealism The identity crisis of OER advocacy Rajiv Jhangiani, Ph.D. Open Studies Teaching Fellow & Psychology Instructor, Kwantlen Polytechnic University Senior Open Education Advocacy & Research Fellow, BCcampus Faculty Workshop Facilitator, Open Textbook Network (Unless otherwise noted)
  2. 2. OER Adoption Estimates (US Higher Ed) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Cengage Babson ICBA OnCampus Research % of Faculty % of Courses
  3. 3. Free vs. Freedom
  4. 4. Revise Remix Retain Redistribute Reuse
  5. 5. Free + Permissions
  6. 6. Free (+ Permissions)
  7. 7. 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.5% Not register for a specific course 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.1% Drop a course 19.8% Fail a course €€€ €€€ €€ €€ € €Florida Virtual Campus. (2016). 2016 student textbook and course materials survey. Tallahassee, FL: Author.
  8. 8. Allen, I. E. & Seaman, J. (2014). Opening the curriculum: Open educational resources in U.S. higher education.
  9. 9. “If cost savings were the only goal, then OERs are not the only answer. Materials could be made free, or subsidized, which are not openly licensed. The intention behind the OER approach is that it has other benefits also, in that educators adapt their material, and it is also an efficient way to achieve the goal of cost savings, because others will adapt the material with the intention of improving its quality, relevance or currency.
  10. 10. Evolution vs. Revolution
  11. 11. If open educational practices are a game changer, why are OER advocates playing by the rules of the commercial textbook industry?
  12. 12. Textbook Costs and Opportunity Lost: What price-driven decisions are costing students Research has shown a positive correlation between access to course materials and completion rates and grades.1–5 And yet, one survey of more than 22,000 college students found, as many as As the survey uncovered, the decisions students make in light of the price of textbooks may cost them opportunity in the long run.6 of students opt out of buying required course materials for the first day of class.64% report dropping a course 27% of students 1 report taking fewer courses per semester 49% of students report not registering for a course 45% of students 1 2 3 4 report failing a course 17% of students
  13. 13. “Fundamentally, I don’t want to be part of a movement that is focused on replacing static, over-priced textbooks with static, free textbooks
  14. 14. Resources vs. Practices
  15. 15. “When faculty ask themselves ‘what else can I do because of these permissions?’, we’ve come within striking distance of realizing the full power of open.
  16. 16. Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development
  17. 17. Trust vs. Mistrust Infancy Autonomy vs. Shame Early Childhood Initiative vs. Guilt Play Age Industry vs. Inferiority School Age Identity vs. Role Confusion Adolescence Intimacy vs. Isolation Young Adulthood Generativity vs. Stagnation Adulthood Integrity vs. Despair Late Adulthood
  18. 18. Pragmatism vs. Idealism
  19. 19. A toolkit for different conditions
  20. 20. OER active OER as facilitator OER consumers
  21. 21. The next phase(s)
  22. 22. “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world
  23. 23. @thatpsychprof