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Odyssey 02—archetypes

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02 in Odyssey series; talking about Archetypes

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Odyssey 02—archetypes

  1. 1. The OdysseyArchetypes<br />By Homer<br />The epic story of a journey —<br />Symbolic of our journey through life.<br />4/15/10<br />
  2. 2. What areArhcetypes?<br />4/15/10<br />
  3. 3. Epic tales & Archetypes<br />WHY have epic tales remained so popular from ancient times till now?<br />In a word…<br />ARCHETYPES<br />4/15/10<br />
  4. 4. Epic tales & Archetypes<br />What are ARCHETYPES?<br />Well…they’re easy to spot and to understand, but they’re hard to define; hard to explain.<br />Actually, you probably already know. Or at least you recognize them when you encounter them.<br />4/15/10<br />
  5. 5. Epic tales & Archetypes<br />Archetypes are:<br />Characters<br />Situations<br />That are so common in human experience that everybody recognizes them; everybody relates to them, regardless of language or cultural background.<br />4/15/10<br />
  6. 6. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />4/15/10<br />
  7. 7. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />Archetypes are universal because they:<br />Describe experiences that every human being encounters<br />Hold the same or similar meaning for all people, in every time and place<br />4/15/10<br />
  8. 8. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />Archetypes are recurring because they are:<br />Timeless — not dependent upon or attached to a particular time period (they remain relevant to any time throughout history)<br />Unchanged from ancient times until today, from The Odyssey to The Sopranos and Star Wars or Harry Potter.<br />4/15/10<br />
  9. 9. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />Archetypes are symbolic because they<br />Describe basic human experiences in the form of symbols<br />Allow each one of us to make meaning from our own experiences by recognizing what the symbols mean to us, personally<br />4/15/10<br />
  10. 10. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />They are inherited because they<br />Mean the same thing to just about everybody on planet Earth<br />Can’t be explained by anything in any one individual’s experiences<br />Come from experiences of humankind, not the individual<br />In other words, even if you’ve never had the exact experience yourself, you can still somehow relate to it.<br />4/15/10<br />
  11. 11. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />They are unconscious because they<br />Evoke a deep response, more basic than words<br />4/15/10<br />
  12. 12. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />Archetypes are worldwide because they are<br />Not shared through contacts or communication between cultures<br />Not influenced by geography<br />Remain constant from the most remote village to high tech urban centers<br />4/15/10<br />
  13. 13. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />They are mythic because they<br />Appear in myths of all cultures<br />Connect the myths of all cultures<br />Tell the story of the individual’s and humankind’s search for meaning<br />4/15/10<br />
  14. 14. Things to remember about Archetypes<br />There are 3 basic groups of Archetypes:<br />Character Archetypes<br />Plot Archetypes<br />Symbol Archetypes<br />Let’s take a look at them, group by group…<br />4/15/10<br />
  15. 15. Group 1 ArchetypesofCharacter<br />4/15/10<br />
  16. 16. Character Archetype:The Hero<br />4/15/10<br />
  17. 17. Character ArchetypesThe Hero<br />There are four types of Hero Archetypes:<br />The Hero Incognito — who, raised by foster parents, searches for his/her true identity<br />The Initiate — who faces and masters frightening challenges and, in doing so, undergoes a rite of passage<br />The Scapegoat — who suffers to atone for everyone else’s sins<br />The Outcast — who is excluded from society for a crime<br />4/15/10<br />
  18. 18. Character Archetype:Hero’s Allies<br />4/15/10<br />
  19. 19. Character ArchetypesThe Hero’s Allies<br />The Hero’s Allies include:<br />The Mentor — a teacher or counselor<br />Protectors — defenders of the hero and the group<br />Companions — loyal friends<br />Animal friends — helpers from nature<br />The benevolent force of nature<br />4/15/10<br />
  20. 20. Character Archetype:Hero’s Adversaries<br />4/15/10<br />
  21. 21. Character ArchetypesThe Hero’s Adversaries<br />The Hero’s Adversaries include:<br />The Force of Evil — Sometimes human, sometimes supernatural<br />Nightmares — frightening visions within the hero’s own mind<br />Monsters, creatures and phantasms<br />The malevolent force of nature<br />4/15/10<br />
  22. 22. Character Archetype:theFeminine<br />4/15/10<br />
  23. 23. Character ArchetypesThe Feminine<br />The Feminine archetypes include:<br />Damsel in distress — woman held prisoner or in danger who must be rescued<br />Lover — who loves intensely, but the love ends in tragedy<br />Enchantress — who tempts the hero and brings on his destruction<br />Earth mother — who provides life, food, warmth, and protection<br />4/15/10<br />
  24. 24. Group 2ArchetypesofPlot<br />4/15/10<br />
  25. 25. Plot ArchetypesThe Journey<br />The Journey – When an Epic story involves a hero’s journey, it’s symbolic of his/her decisions, actions and the results he/she experiences in life.<br /> This is the primary plot archetype. The hero searches for truth and learns about himself/herself. <br />Other Plot Archetypes are simply the various parts of The Journey.<br />4/15/10<br />
  26. 26. Plot ArchetypesThe Journey<br />Various parts of The Journey include:<br />The Quest — the search for someone or something to restore goodness<br />The Initiation — the young hero faces challenges and moves toward maturity<br />The Task — circumstances require the hero to complete a task; Herculean efforts save others<br />Good versus evil — the perennial battle<br />The Magic Weapon — used by the hero to defeat evil<br />Death and Rebirth — purification, redemption, and growth<br />4/15/10<br />
  27. 27. Group 3ArchetypesofSymbol<br />4/15/10<br />
  28. 28. What areSymbolArchetypes?<br />
  29. 29. Symbol Archetypes<br />Visual symbols <br />that convey meaning to the human psyche in a mysterious, somewhat subliminal way. <br />
  30. 30. Do you know what subliminal means?<br />
  31. 31. Subliminal<br />Dictionary definition:<br />“existing or functioning below the threshold of consciousness.”<br />
  32. 32. Symbol Archetypes<br />Communicate messages that verbal and written information cannot.<br />
  33. 33. Symbol Archetypes<br />Hold the same or almost the same meaning for all humankind<br />Occur in cultures so remote that there has been no chance for influence or communication<br />
  34. 34. Symbol Archetypes<br />River — Life, the flow of time <br />Wheel — a complete cycle <br />Water — purification, the unconscious <br />Rising sun — birth, beginning <br />Setting sun — death, ending <br />Circle — unity <br />Snake — evil <br />
  35. 35. Symbol Archetypes<br />The seasons — life cycle <br />Garden — paradise <br />Tree —life; growth <br />Fire — life; passion, destruction <br />
  36. 36. Symbol Archetypes<br />Colors<br />Red — violence, passion <br />Green — growth, hope<br />Blue — truth, security <br />Black — death, evil <br />White — purity, innocence, mystery <br />
  37. 37. Symbol Archetypes<br />Numbers<br />3 — spirituality <br />4-life cycle — nature<br />7 — perfect order (3+4) <br />
  38. 38. Archetypes are the keys to understandingThe Odyssey<br />By Homer<br />The epic story of a journey —<br />Symbolic of our journey through life.<br />4/15/10<br />

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