Surrealism 3


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Surrealism 3

  1. 1. Surrealism By Catherine Morris Nicole Kariotis Ema Sugiura
  2. 2. What is Surrealism? Definition: A 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind. Our Definition: A combination of dreams and reality all meshed into one.
  3. 3. The Beginning• Founded in 1924• Influenced by well known psychologist Sigmund Freud• Started as a literary movement but soon expanded into paintings and eventually photography
  4. 4. Components• Developed out of Dada• Believed, by its founder, to be revolutionary• Centered around the imagination and how you use it to see certain things
  5. 5. • Isnt always suppose to make sense to the viewer (shouldnt be taken literally)• Formed political expression and action
  6. 6. The Politics• had a fierce hatred of authority and religion• ideas early on about revolutionary anarchism• Dada (which influenced Surrealism) was a reaction to the WWI• Some surrealists were members of the Communist part• Others were Libertarian• Much sexism and homophobia
  7. 7. Key Characteristics• Explored the unconsciousness and dreaming as a form of reality• Sexuality and violence• Pushed boundaries of socially accepted behaviors and of art
  8. 8. • Emphasized the irrational and the mysterious• Expressed sexual drives, anger, and fear• True wants, needs, and desires
  9. 9. The Founder• Andre Breton (1896-1966)… Holy crap he was old…• First started in Dadaist group• Eventually wrote "Surrealist Manifesto”• Defined surrealism as, “a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so that the world of dream and
  10. 10. • FUN FACT!!! He went to the U.S. where he met Marcel Duchamp and Max Ernst (another surrealist who helped shape abstract expressionism)
  11. 11. Hierohymus Bosch• Eccentric painter of religious visions who dealt in particular with the torments of hell• Surrealism was affected by his wildly erotic and sadistic images
  12. 12. Sigmund Freud• A well known psychologist who inspired most surrealist artists• Founder of the psychoanalytic theory, oedipus theory, and the theory of the subconscious• Surrealism strongly followed his theory of the subconscious. Artists used this as a technique when painting… letting their minds
  13. 13. Psychoanalytic Theory• Psychoanalysis: Freuds theory of personality, our thoughts, and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts.• The unconscious usually consists of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories.
  14. 14. Joan Miro• Spanish• Studied at La Lonja of Fine Arts• Works before 1920 were influenced by cubism and fauvism
  15. 15. Continued….• Automatic painting: would not control his paintbrush, but instead had his subconscious control it.• Patches of color look like theyve been set down randomly
  16. 16. The Farm (1922)
  17. 17. Person Throwing a Stone at a Bird (1926)
  18. 18. The Tilled Farm (1923)
  19. 19. Rene Magritte• Belgian• studied at Academie Royale from 1916 to 1918• his mom committed suicide when he was 13. she suffered from depression and threw herself off of a bridge - this obviously took its toll on him as you can see in many of his paintings
  20. 20. • portrays realistic images but places them in surreal places• was recognized by critics for his talent but still wasnt completely accepted because of his unrealistic placement of objects in his paintings
  21. 21. Not to be Reproduced 1937
  22. 22. Son of Man 1964
  23. 23. Unexpected Answer 1933
  24. 24. The Lovers 1928
  25. 25. Salvadore Dali• Spanish• Born into middle class family• Studied at the Academia de San Fernano (school of fine arts)
  26. 26. • Became close friends with Pepin Bello, Luis Bunel, and Frederico Garcia Leroca.• Experimented with cubism at this time.
  27. 27. Continued…• Paintings highlighted double images and visual illusions• Mixes fantasies with reality
  28. 28. • The Persistence of Memory (1931)
  29. 29. Swans Reflecting Elephants (1937)
  30. 30. The Hallucinogenic Toreadore (1970)
  31. 31. Metamorphosis of Narcissus
  32. 32. Metamorphosis ofNarcissusPoemNarcissus,in his immobilityabsorbed by his reflection with the digestive slowness of carnivorous plants,becomes invisible.There remains of him only the hallucinatingly white oval of his head,his head again more tender,his head, chrysalis of hidden biological designs,his head held up by the tips of the waters fingers,at the tips of his fingers
  33. 33. of the insensate hand,of the terrible hand,of the mortal handof his own reflection.When that head splitswhen that head splitswhen that head bursts,it will be the flower,the new Narcissus,Gala - my new Narcissus
  34. 34. Technique• Early 1930s, Dali created "Paranoid-critical Transformation Method"• Method used to help artist tap into their subconscious and self induce a paranoid state• Helped artists understand world and reality in order to view it in more unique ways
  35. 35. • Created "hand painted dream photographs"• Used optical illusions and juxtapositioning images• painted what he witnessed
  36. 36. ComparisonSalvadore Dali - The Persistence of Memory Rene Magritte - Son of Man
  37. 37. Summary• Surrealism is a combination of the subconscious and reality.• Many of these paintings have very deep meanings to the artists• Most of the paintings in this movement were inspired by Sigmund Freud and his theories