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  2. 2. Outline;      What is Surrealism? Historical Context Features of Surrealism Two main types of Surrealists  Automatic Surrealists  Veristic Surrealists Important Artists  Salvador DALI  René MAGRITTE
  3. 3. What is SURREALISM?
  4. 4. WHAT IS SURREALISM? a cultural movement that began in the 1920s.  is best known for its visual artworks and writings.  art that included unconscious thoughts and dreams.  they preferred to set their imaginations free. 
  5. 5. The aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality.
  6. 6. Historical Context began in 1924 with Andre Breton’s Surrealist Manifesto.  The Surrealism movement was influenced by the ideas of Freud.  It grew out of the Dadaism movement in many respects.  Many artists were influenced by major events such as World War I and the Great Depression. 
  7. 7. Features of Surrealism Central importance of the subconscious  Dreams and the dream world regarded as typifying this. 
  8. 8. Two main types of Surrealists Automatic Surrealism without thought, and was meant to show the workings of the subconscious mind. was adopted by many Surrealists, who painted whatever came into their heads. All about FEELINGS.
  9. 9. Joan Miro, La Leçon de Ski, 1966 Andre Masson, Automatic Drawing, 1924
  10. 10. Veristic Surrealists used very familiar everyday objects painted in a formal, realistic style  Believed Subconscious images had meanings.  Thought that artworks were like metaphors.  all about MEANING. 
  11. 11. René Magritte, The Son of Man, 1964 Salvador Dali, One second before awakening from a dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate, 1944
  12. 12. Probably the most famous artist of the 20th century, after Picasso SALVADOR DALI Salvador DALI
  13. 13.    Birth: 11 May 1904, Spain. Death: 23 Jan 1989 Full name: Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech approach to surrealism is described as a spontaneous method of irrational behaviour. uses realistic items to reveal his dreamlike images His paintings placed in unrealistic situations
  14. 14. Salvador Dalí, Persistence of Memory, 1931
  15. 15. Salvador Dali Sleep 1937
  16. 16. René Magritte
  17. 17. Birth: 21 Oct 1898, Belgium  Death: 15 Aug 1967  Full name: René François Ghislain Magritte  often used everyday objects and transformed them His works generally give new meanings to the familiar things.
  18. 18. Rene Magritte, Golconde, 1953
  19. 19. Rene Magritte, The Son of Man, 1964
  20. 20. Rene Magritte The Lovers 1928