Surrealism powerpoint

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Surrealism powerpoint

  1. 2. <ul><li>Flow of knowledge between Art and Science has led to many important advances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michelangelo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anatomy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Painters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Optics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surrealists wanted their scientific advancement to be in the anatomy of the psyche, linking them very closely to psychology. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>What Is Surrealism? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses imagery from subconscious to create art w/o the intention of logical comprehensibility. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Andre Breton (1924) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began In Europe (Paris) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most popular between two world wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grew out of Dada Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Represented a reaction against the destruction brought by rationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main artists: Salvador Dali and Joan Miro </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Founded Surrealism in 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>Used to be Dadaist </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealist Manifesto (1924) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From this, other Dadaists followed. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Dada Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti art vs. Positive expression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Symbolism </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalytic work of Jung and Freud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective unconscious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge we are born with that is not directly accessible </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Automatism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most used; “free draw” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bulletism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoot ink at blank canvas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coulage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sculpture made by pouring molten material into cold water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cubomania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make collage by cutting squares, which are reassembled </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decalcomania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thick paint on canvas then cover with material to make imprint. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>No specific guidelines due to subconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Dream like qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic, but irrational imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Hidden images </li></ul><ul><li>Distorted images </li></ul><ul><li>Can be abstract </li></ul>Swans reflecting Elephants - Salvador Dali
  7. 8. <ul><li>Abstract tradition of Surrealism </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling, not analytical </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic way images of subconscious reach consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of form (rebellion) </li></ul>The Beautiful Bird Revealing the Unknown to a Pair of Lovers (1941)- Joan Miro
  8. 9. <ul><li>“ Representational Surrealism” </li></ul><ul><li>You must not look at the object, but into it </li></ul><ul><li>Liked academic discipline & form </li></ul><ul><li>Object stood as metaphor for inner reality </li></ul><ul><li>Freeze images </li></ul>The Son of a Man- Rene Magritte
  9. 10. Automatists: Just art & lack of form Veristic Surrealists: meaning & form
  10. 11. <ul><li>Born May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Officially joined Surrealists in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Paranoiac Critical Method </li></ul><ul><li>Oniric Critical Method </li></ul><ul><li>Expelled from the Surrealist group in 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>His mission was ‘Molding the images of Atomic Mysticism in the supreme beauty of classicism’ </li></ul>
  11. 12. Beach Scene with Telephone – Salvador Dali
  12. 13. <ul><li>Classical Period: often concerned scientific, religious, or historical themes </li></ul><ul><li>Modernist establishment hated him because of his style of thought provoking, mystical classical work and the science of painting to which he contributed his life too. </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionism---Surrealism---Classicism </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Persistence of Memory (1931)- Salvador Dali
  14. 15. <ul><li>World renowned Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramist </li></ul><ul><li>First surrealist exhibition in 1921 </li></ul><ul><li>1929-1930: took interest in the object in the form of collage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to surrealist sculptures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Picture poems </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Farm (1921-1922)- Joan Miro
  16. 17. Swallow/Love (1934)- Joan Miro
  17. 18. Biblia Sacra 1- Sanctus Hieronymus- Salvador Dali Cubomanie IV- Gherasim Luca
  18. 19. The False Mirror – Rene Magritte
  19. 20. Dream Sequence Salvador Dali designed this dream sequence for Alfred Hitchcock's  Spellbound  (1945)

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