Surrealism FINAL


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Gabby, Arjun and Luke's Surrealism Project. Mr.Read's 4th Hour. 2013.

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Surrealism FINAL

  1. 1. SurrealismGabby LeBlanc Luke HazenArjun Chadha
  2. 2. What is Surrealism?• A 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind.
  3. 3. Intro to Surrealism• 1920’s-1930’s after WWI.• Surrealism developed out of the avant-garde Dada movement.• Dada was more violent and less artistically based compared to Surrealism.• It began in Paris in 1924 with Andre Breton’s Surrealist Manifesto.
  4. 4. Andre Breton• 1896-1966• He was a Dadaist and a Communist.• Founding father and leader of the Surrealist movement.• “Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one expresses… the actual functioning of thought.”
  5. 5. Sigmund Freud• Freud has many theories on free association, dream analysis, and the unconscious.• Psychoanalytic interpretation; used to illuminate unconscious mind.
  6. 6. Intro to Surrealism• Let go of traditional ways of painting.• Used drugs, alcohol, hypnotism, and hallucinations to provoke the subconscious.• A combination of dreams and reality.• Investigated the mind and new areas of art.
  7. 7. Automatists• The way in which the images of the subconscious reached the conscious.• Focused on feeling.• Did not believe in meaning. Andre Masson Automatic Drawing 1924
  8. 8. Veristic• Shows the dream world.• Deep meanings.• Subconscious surfaces to the conscious mind where it can be deciphered. Sleep Salvador Dali 1937
  9. 9. Max Ernst• 1891-1976• German-born artist who often worked with sculpture, painting, and collages.• Founder of two surrealist techniques decalcomania and frottage.
  10. 10. ElephantCelebus1921
  11. 11. Loplop introduces Loplop 1930
  12. 12. Pieta orRevolution byNight1923
  13. 13. La ForetPetrifee1929
  14. 14. Europe After the Rain1940
  15. 15. Salvador Dali• 1904-1989• Born in Catalonia, Spain.• “Hand-Painted Dream Photographs.”• Paranoid-Critical method.• Tried to decipher his subconscoius world.
  16. 16. The Persistence of Memory 1931
  17. 17. Dream Causedby the Flight of aBee around aPomegranateOne SecondBeforeAwakening1944
  18. 18. Daddy Long-Legs of the Evening… Hope! 1929
  19. 19. SoftConstructionwith BoiledBeans1936
  20. 20. Rene Magritte• 1898-1967• Core of the Belgian Surrealist group• Experienced his mother’s suicide
  21. 21. The RedModel1937
  22. 22. The False Mirror 1928
  23. 23. The Lovers 1928
  24. 24. The Treachery of Images 1929
  25. 25. The Rape 1934
  26. 26. Frida Kahlo• 1907-1954• Mexican painter born in Coyocan• Used psychological experiences that came from a life of physical suffering.
  27. 27. Henry Ford Hospital 1932
  28. 28. Self Portraitwith Monkeys 1943
  29. 29. The Dream 1940
  30. 30. Wounded Deer 1946
  31. 31. Joan Miro• 1893-1983• Born in Barcelona• Automatist• Catalan Nationalist
  32. 32. TheFarm1921-1922
  33. 33. Maternity 1924
  34. 34. Carnival of the Harlequin 1924-1925
  35. 35. The Hunter (Catalan Landscape) 1924
  36. 36. Influences• Surrealism taught the world to see art not merely visually and literally; but to appreciate it in a subconscious level as well.• Made America the art capital.• Resulted in Abstract Expressionism as well as other movements.
  37. 37. Summary• Surrealism started from the Dada movement with Andre Breton’s Surrealist Manifesto.• It focused on painting images from the subconscious.• It was influenced by Freudian Theories.• There were two types: Veristic and Automatic.• Lead into Abstract Expressionism and other movements.