Coaching styles


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Coaching styles

  2. 2.  DISC  Dominance  Influence  Steady  Conscientious
  3. 3.  A “D Style” Coach is highly directive and decisive They guide the athlete with clear and concise instructions, monitoring and correcting as progress is made The athlete requires high technical instruction but has low relationship/motivational needs D Style coaching works well with novice athletes, athletes learning a new position or changing into a new sport entirely, who are motivated and enthusiastic
  4. 4. WHEN SHOULD IT BE USED? When vital information needs to be given urgently Where the setting and driving high standards is necessary When time is limited or when decisive action is needed
  5. 5.  An “I Style” Coach delivers encouragement, brings energy, is highly interactive and provides motivation to their athletes The athlete requires low technical instruction but has high relationship/motivational needs I Style coaching works well with athletes who are displaying correct skills and technique but require more supportive and encouraging coaching to help them feel confident about their sporting performance
  6. 6. WHEN SHOULD IT BE USED? When the environment needs a burst of energy Provide variety The situation calls for a highly motivational pep- talk or half-time speech When morale is low but athletes skill levels are high
  7. 7.  A “S Style” Coach uses two-way communication, listens well Asks their athletes lots of questions rather than providing direct instructions and encourages their athletes to take an active role in their development They guide their athletes technically, while providing emotional support The athlete requires high technical instruction and has relationship/motivational needs S Style coaching works well with athletes with some level of technical skills who may need emotional support for any set-backs they may face
  8. 8. WHEN SHOULD IT BE USED? When more collaboration is needed When there is more time and no urgency In times of developing teamwork, for one-on-one interactions When a sense of security and acceptance is needed
  9. 9.  A “C Style” Coach creates a well structured plan and environment so the athlete has the tools, program and necessary instructions to execute the drills or practice session with a minimum of coach intervention The athlete requires low technical instruction and has low relationship/motivational needs C Style coaching works well for athletes who are both technically proficient and confident in their own abilities
  10. 10. WHEN SHOULD IT BE USED? At the beginning of the season when planning needs are high To explain a detailed and complicated training drill When things within the team are going well and the coach needs to keep things well-organized When dealing with higher experienced athletes with strong technical and emotional standing
  11. 11.  There is no “best” coaching style, however some styles are more appropriate than others for certain situations and certain athletes Using a style that is incompatible with your athletes needs results in all-around frustration The coaching styles explained in this presentation are part of the framework of being “Athlete Centred” An Athlete Centred Coach is to meet the coaching needs of their athletes by coaching them in the way they require Determining what style is most appropriate for your athlete Work out the Athletes DISC Style, what works best with that athlete
  12. 12. WHAT STYLE FOR DIFFERENT SITUATIONS Consider is the actual situation you are coaching in, For Example:  D Style- If you have limited time and need to only give vital information  S Style- If you have a lot of time and can have a one on one conversation  I Style- If the situation you are in sees you needing to find a way to motivate your athletes  C Style- Is useful when the situation requires a detailed set up of a drill or practice session, work well when you want your athletes to work a challenge out for themselves
  13. 13.  You need to be able to assess when it is appropriate to use each style If you use an inappropriate style with an athlete it can cause a lot of frustration Finding the appropriate style has a lot to do with reflecting on what your athlete needs from you and becoming an Athlete Centred Coach As your athletes are always developing and growing it is also important to adapt with your athlete to support them
  14. 14.  Often with large teams it can be difficult to assess what each athlete requires You need to be able to add different aspects into your natural coaching style that may lack but your athletes still require It is an impossibility for a coach to continuously adapt to 20 different athletes It is critical to note that your athletes in teams need to be flexible with your coaching style at times This is the foundation of any relationship as it is about being reciprocal
  15. 15.  There are many different types of coaching or different names for the types of coaching, such as:  Woods coaching styles- Command, Reciprocal, Problem solving & Guided discovery  Autocratic Styles- Telling & Selling  Democratic Styles- Sharing & Allowing  UKA Styles- Telling, Showing & Involving There are many more of these but most of them overlap with the DISC model The DISC model is the most commonly used model The coaching styles can be transferred for teachers and vice versa
  16. 16.  Coaching Styles From Brainmac  Jaclyn Smith, Role of a coach, Coaching styles  Kerry Dykes Webpage  Athlete Assessments  Turman P.D. (2001). Situational Coaching Styles, The Impact of Success and Athlete Maturity Level on Coaches’ Leadership Styles Over Time. Small Group Sciences, University of northern Iowa. Volume 32, pp 576-594. Martin S.B., Jackson A.W., Richardson P.A., Weiller K.H. (1999). Coaching preferences of adolescence youth and their parents. Journal of applied sport psychology. Volume 11, issue 2, pp 247-262.