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Ielts writing task 1 vocabulary

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IELTS Writing - Academic Task 1
Vocabulary
The following words and phrases will help you describe trends:

        Nouns                     Verbs:                    Adverbs               Adjectives
o   a rise                o   to rise               o   sharply              o   sharp
o   an increase           o   to increase           o   suddenly             o   sudden
o   a surge               o   to surge              o   rapidly              o   rapid
o   a growth              o   to grow               o   abruptly             o   abrupt
o   a peak                o   to peak               o   dramatically         o   dramatic
                          o   to skyrocket          o   significantly        o   steep
                          o   to fluctuate          o   steadily             o   significant
                          o   to vary               o   considerably         o   steady
                                                    o   markedly             o   considerable
                          o to dive                 o   slightly             o   marked
o a fluctuation           o to plunge               o   gently               o   slight
o a variation                                       o   gradually            o   gentle
                                                    o   wildly               o   gradual
o a period of
  stability
o a plateau

o   a fall                o   to fall
o   a decrease            o   to decrease
o   a decline             o   to decline
o   a dip                 o   to dip

                              Phrases to show an upward trend
    o   to show a downward trend                        o   to reach a plateau
    o   to hit the highest point                        o   to level off
    o   to hit the lowest point                         o   to flatten out
    o   to reach a peak                                 o   the highest
    o   to show some fluctuation                        o   the lowest
    o   to fluctuate wildly                             o   the second highest
    o   to remain stable                                o   the third highest
    o   to remain static                                o   compared to
    o   to remain unchanged                             o   compared with
    o   to stay constant                                o   relative to
Sample Sentences
    There was a substantial increase in the value of stocks on March 15th.

    House prices rose dramatically in July.

    The number of tourists visiting New York fell sharply in October.

    The percentage of students walking to school continued to rise gradually over the ten year
     period from 2000-2010.

    There was a sharp increase in employee turnover after the strike.

    Interest in environmental issues has risen steadily over the last 10 years.

More Useful Words and Phrases

A. Percent – the word percent comes after a number

Examples:

    More than 25% of the students are from Brazil.

    More than 25 percent of the students come from Brazil.

B. Percentage - The word percentage comes after words like the, a, this and that. Often, it is
   preceded by an adjective.

Examples:

    A small percentage of residents have lived in the building for more than 20 years.

    The percentage of students who live on campus has fallen sharply since the fire.

C. For numbers up to ten, write the numbers in words. For numbers over 10, you can write the
   numbers in numbers.

Examples:

    Five percent of the employees were late this month.

    More than 50 percent of the students handed in their assignments late after the long weekend.

D. If the sentence starts with a number, always write it in words.

Examples:
 Wrong: 25 students were from China.

     Right: Twenty-five students were from China.




GRAMMAR

Take note of the following prepositions which you will need to describe dates, numbers and
comparisons:

   Dates:

     In December,

     In 2005,

     From 2001-2010,

     By 1998,

     Between 1965-1969

     Numbers

     Increase of 25%

     Decreased by 10%

     Fell from 200 in July to 150 in August

     Comparison

     Compared to

     Compared with

     Relative to

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Ielts writing task 1 vocabulary

  • 1. IELTS Writing - Academic Task 1 Vocabulary The following words and phrases will help you describe trends: Nouns Verbs: Adverbs Adjectives o a rise o to rise o sharply o sharp o an increase o to increase o suddenly o sudden o a surge o to surge o rapidly o rapid o a growth o to grow o abruptly o abrupt o a peak o to peak o dramatically o dramatic o to skyrocket o significantly o steep o to fluctuate o steadily o significant o to vary o considerably o steady o markedly o considerable o to dive o slightly o marked o a fluctuation o to plunge o gently o slight o a variation o gradually o gentle o wildly o gradual o a period of stability o a plateau o a fall o to fall o a decrease o to decrease o a decline o to decline o a dip o to dip Phrases to show an upward trend o to show a downward trend o to reach a plateau o to hit the highest point o to level off o to hit the lowest point o to flatten out o to reach a peak o the highest o to show some fluctuation o the lowest o to fluctuate wildly o the second highest o to remain stable o the third highest o to remain static o compared to o to remain unchanged o compared with o to stay constant o relative to
  • 2. Sample Sentences  There was a substantial increase in the value of stocks on March 15th.  House prices rose dramatically in July.  The number of tourists visiting New York fell sharply in October.  The percentage of students walking to school continued to rise gradually over the ten year period from 2000-2010.  There was a sharp increase in employee turnover after the strike.  Interest in environmental issues has risen steadily over the last 10 years. More Useful Words and Phrases A. Percent – the word percent comes after a number Examples:  More than 25% of the students are from Brazil.  More than 25 percent of the students come from Brazil. B. Percentage - The word percentage comes after words like the, a, this and that. Often, it is preceded by an adjective. Examples:  A small percentage of residents have lived in the building for more than 20 years.  The percentage of students who live on campus has fallen sharply since the fire. C. For numbers up to ten, write the numbers in words. For numbers over 10, you can write the numbers in numbers. Examples:  Five percent of the employees were late this month.  More than 50 percent of the students handed in their assignments late after the long weekend. D. If the sentence starts with a number, always write it in words. Examples:
  • 3.  Wrong: 25 students were from China.  Right: Twenty-five students were from China. GRAMMAR Take note of the following prepositions which you will need to describe dates, numbers and comparisons:  Dates:  In December,  In 2005,  From 2001-2010,  By 1998,  Between 1965-1969  Numbers  Increase of 25%  Decreased by 10%  Fell from 200 in July to 150 in August  Comparison  Compared to  Compared with  Relative to