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  1. 1. Wolves By: Arilyn M
  2. 2. Info
  3. 3. A wolves skeleton
  4. 4. Info <ul><li>The wolf is a carnivore </li></ul><ul><li>Largest in the canine family </li></ul><ul><li>The coyote evolved separately from the wolf over 500,000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>It has 42 teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Has rounded ears </li></ul><ul><li>Has a broad heavy muzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Jaws capable of generating 1,500 psi pressure </li></ul><ul><li>One of the highest ranges in size, shape and color of any mammal in North America </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in a pack or a family oriented social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Mating season occurs in February and March. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Info (cont.) <ul><li>Gestation period lasts for 63 days </li></ul><ul><li>Pups are born in April and May </li></ul><ul><li>Average litter size is 4-7 pups </li></ul><ul><li>Litter size for the wolf depends on nutrition as well as fittness </li></ul><ul><li>Mortality rates for pups is 50% </li></ul><ul><li>A wolfs communication consists of vocalizations, visual displays, facial and body postures and rituals </li></ul>
  6. 6. Info (cont.) <ul><li>In the winter, the wolf's tail helps keep the face warm  </li></ul><ul><li>Wolves breed only once a year; most dogs breed twice  </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to the wolf (Canis lupus ), the genus Canis also contains the domestic dog, the coyote, the golden jackal, the black backed jackal, the side-striped jackal and the dingo  </li></ul><ul><li>Three (3) geographic races of the red wolf have been recognized; the Florida Red Wolf, The Mississippi Red Wolf and the Texas Red Wolf  </li></ul><ul><li>Wolves are often confused with Indian dogs, huskies, malemutes and German Shepherd Dogs  </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic tundra, taiga, plains or steppes, savannahs, hardwood, softwood and mixed forest were all originally inhabited by the wolf </li></ul><ul><li>Adult male wolves average ninety-five to one hundred pounds and females about fifteen pounds less </li></ul><ul><li>Wolves howl to greet one another, to indicate their location, to define their territorial boundaries, and to call the pack together  </li></ul><ul><li>Wolves can trot at five to ten miles per hour almost indefinitely </li></ul><ul><li>A wolf may spend as much as a third of its time on the move   </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf is generally a docile animal with a strong aversion to fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Submissive behavior plays a big role in maintaining peace within the pack </li></ul><ul><li>A wolf's front feet are larger than their back feet  </li></ul><ul><li>Packs hunt in territories of up to 600 square miles  </li></ul><ul><li>A pack's home range will sometimes overlap the territory of another pack  </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to howling, wolves bark, yap, whine, and growl  </li></ul><ul><li>Litters of up to 14 pups are born in April through June  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Info (cont.) <ul><li>Wolves are territorial and defend their territory through vocalizations and scent marking  </li></ul><ul><li>If necessary, wolves will attack other wolf intruders to protect their territory </li></ul><ul><li>There are two species of the wolf in North America, the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus ) and the Red Wolf ( Canis rufus ) </li></ul><ul><li>In North America there are 10 recognized sub-species of the wolf </li></ul><ul><li>The main threat to wolf populations is loss of habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Predation is not violence, it is the act of obtaining food for survival </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf is an ultimate predator at the top of the food chain </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf is designed for running, catching and killing large animals </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf is opportunistic and will attempt to catch the easiest and most vulnerable animal </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf can kill healthy animals but naturally seeks out the sick, the weak, crippled, old and young animals </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf primarily travels at a 5 mile per hour trot </li></ul><ul><li>In chases, the wolf can achieve estimated speeds of between 28 and 40 miles per hour for up to 20 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Radio tracking wolves has been used in wildlife research since 1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Wolves are vulnerable to skull injury from kicking prey </li></ul><ul><li>The canine teeth &quot;interlock&quot; so the wolf can grip and hang on to struggling prey </li></ul><ul><li>The back teeth, or carnassial molars, are designed to crush bones and shear meat </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf uses facial display in ritual aggression, dominance, submission or fear </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pictures In this photo gallery please tell me what you think the wolf is doing!