Who was Malcolm X?• Malcolm X was an African American Muslim minister and human rights activist. His admirers thought he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks and has been called one of the most influential African Americans in history.
Dates• Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska.• Malcolm X died on February 21, 1965 after he was assassinated in Manhattan at a speaking engagement. Talmadge Hayer was convicted as one of Malcolm X’s assassins.
Facts• Malcolm X was not named Malcolm X, he changed his name later in life and used the X as a last name, meaning unknown as his last name was forgotten because of his family being turned into slaves and being forgotten.• In 1946, Malcolm was sentenced to prison for breaking and entering and stealing property. While in prison he became a member of the Nation of Islam and changed his name to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz.
Martian Luther King Jr •King was born on 15 January 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. •His father was a Baptist minister, his mother a schoolteacher. •Originally named Michael, he was later renamed Martin. •After receiving his doctorate in 1955 King also Became the minister of a Baptist church in Montgomery Alabama.“A man who will not die for something is not fit to live”Martian Luther King Jr.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott King first achieved national renown when he helped organise the boycott of the Montgomery bus companies in 1955. This was organised after Rosa Parks, a black woman, had refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man.The 382 day boycott led the buscompany to change itsregulations, and the supremecourt declared segregationunconstitutional.
SCLCIn 1957 King was active in theorganisation of the Southern LeadershipChristian Conference (SCLC) formed toco-ordinate protests againstdiscrimination. The SCLC was led by anelected board most of which fromindividual churches or communityorganisation.King used non-violent methods ofprotest which included civildisobedience, based on those of Ghandiwhen protesting against British rule inIndia.
Birmingham Protests •In 1963 King led mass protests against discrimination in Birmingham, Alabama where the white population were violently resisting desegregation. •The city was dubbed “Bombingham” as attacks against civil rights protesters increased and king was arrested for his part in the protests. Birmingham was a KKK stronghold and King described it as America’s worst city for racism. Meaning legal and economic disparities as well as violent retribution when they tried to bring attention to these problems.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o54n7HXwOhc
Washington 1963 King participated in the enormous civil rights march on Washington in August 1963, after his release form prison. He delivered his famous “I have a dream speech”http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nFcbpGK9_aw
Other Achievements•In 1964, King was awarded the Nobel PeacePrize.•In 1965, he led a campaign to register blacksto vote.•The same year the US Congress passed theVoting Rights Act outlawing the discriminatorypractices that had barred blacks from voting inthe south.
AssassinationAt 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, civil rights leader Dr.Martin Luther King Jr. was hit by a snipers bullet.The rifle bullet entered Kings right cheek, travelledthrough his neck, and stopped at his shoulder blade.King was immediately taken to a nearby hospital butwas pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m.•In outrage of the murder, many blacks took to thestreets across the United States in a massive wave ofriots.•The FBI investigated the crime, but many believedthem partially or fully responsible for theassassination.•An escaped convict by the name of James Earl Raywas arrested, but many people, including some ofMartin Luther King Jr.s own family, believe he wasinnocent.